1958 lockheed constellation airplane

1958 lockheed constellation airplane插图

Why was the Lockheed Constellation so important?

The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well.

What happened to the Connie plane?

It wasn’t until the development of jet airliners such as the de Havilland Comet, the Boeing 707 and the Douglas DC-8 that the Connie began to slip from popularity. Unable to compete with the speed and economics of jet engines, the world’s first pressurized aircraft was rendered obsolete.

How many planes have been built by Lufthansa?

More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation.

Why did TWA buy the Model 14 from Lockheed?

Lockheed touted their four-engine version of the Model 14 as an answer to civil aviation’s needs, but airlines demanded something bigger, faster and more of a stride forward than what they were offering. Then they met Howard Hughes. TWA wanted something new, and Lockheed delivered. Photo: Wikimedia

Why was the Constellation so groundbreaking?

The Constellation would have the first hydraulically boosted power controls , would be faster than the majority of WWII fighter jets and would feature a pressurized cabin to allow the plane to fly above most of the weather disturbances.

What was the impact of the L-1049 Super Constellation on the transatlantic market?

As the development of the Constellation moved forwards, the aircraft got larger and generally slower. However, range improvements and massive jumps in the MTOW made the larger variants popular with airlines. Both the L-1049 Super Constellation and the L-1649 Starliner were instrumental in the development of the transatlantic market, used by carriers on both sides of the pond to make connections between the continents.

What was the Lockheed Constellation?

The Lockheed Constellation – The Plane That Changed The World. The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well. Aside of its unique design and attractive curves, the Connie brought us something which has …

What aircraft had a pressurized cabin?

Photo: Wikimedia. There was one other aircraft that brought with it a pressurized cabin, and that was the Boeing 307. However, when it returned to commercial service after the war, its pressurization systems were disabled.

How many people were sucked out of the Connie?

During the first two years of operation, two people were sucked out of the Connie in flight, and there are numerous tales of people becoming glued to the toilet when pressurization failed. But passengers continued to board Connie.

How many planes were built for the constellation?

At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation. Photo: Wikimedia.

When was the Connie plane introduced?

For many years following introduction with TWA in 1949, Connie was the only passenger aircraft that offered the pressurization needed to fly at high altitudes. But bringing such new technology to pass wasn’t always easy, or safe.

What tent will host Connie?

The cavernous tent will host Connie until she moves to a hangar.

When did Connie pass signs at JFK?

On October 31, 2018, Connie passed signs at JFK that will soon tout the TWA Hotel. An amazing race! The TWA Hotel’s 1958 Connie chased incoming 747s on JFK’s runway on October 31, 2018. At JFK, she pulled into the airplane de-icing tent to take shelter on October 31, 2018.

When did Connie take a joyride?

From the Bronx to Queens: Connie took a joyride over the Throgs Neck Bridge on October 30, 2018.

When was Connie at Maine’s Eastern Trail?

Fans cheered Connie at Maine’s Eastern Trail on I-95 October 9, 2018. Massachusetts welcomed Connie on October 10, 2018. Life’s a picnic for Connie: The propliner rested on October 10, 2018. Honk if you love Connie: The historic plane hit the highway on October 10, 2018.

When did the Connie chase the 747?

An amazing race! The TWA Hotel’s 1958 Connie chased incoming 747s on JFK’s runway on October 31, 2018.

When did Connie get the right of way?

At intersections, the NYPD gave Connie the right of way on October 30, 2018. She squeezed under an overpass to hop on the Long Island Expressway in the early hours of October 31, 2018. A fleet of NYPD and civilian escorts flanked Connie on her final few miles to JFK Airport on October 31, 2018.

When did Connie the Propliner rest?

Life’s a picnic for Connie: The propliner rested on October 10, 2018.

What is the name of the artist who painted the Connie airplane?

Inside each Connie airplane’s Starlight Lounge (a pre-dinner spot for cocktails and canapes with gold leather banquettes!) was one of artist Mario Zamparelli ‘s 8-by-4-foot murals, depicting 25 destinations from Bangkok to Boston.

When did Connie N8083H retire?

After five years, she was dumped from that job, too. Back at her ex employer, TWA retired all Connie propliners in 1967, leaving a booklet titled Props Are For Boats on every passenger seat.

When did the TWA 707 retire?

She managed to hang on for two years, but the 707 forced the propliner into commercial retirement with a final flight on December 20, 1960. TWA Hotel’s Connie in Prestwick, Scotland in May 1962; photo by Iain C. MacKay. A SERIES OF SUITORS.

Where did Connie go in 1981?

A year later, Airborne Enterprises restored and flew her to Anchorage, Seattle, and finally to Chandler, Arizona in 1981. There, Connie ventured into the weeds. TWA Hotel’s Connie in Honduras in November 1985; photo by LBJ Dekker. GREENER GRASS.

When was Connie sold at the TWA?

TWA Hotel’s Connie at Tucson International Airport in September 1981 ; photo by Bob Groenendijk. Going, going, gone: Connie N8083H sold to the highest bidder — Gerald McNamara, for a mere $150 — at a May 24, 1979 auction, according to ConnieSurvivors.com.

Who is the artist that painted the TWA hotel?

TWA Hotel’s Connie had a Maric Zamparelli mural inside her cabin. TWA Hotel’s Connie had a Maric Zamparelli mural inside her cabin. Baseball great Willie Mays and his wife, Margherite, traveled by Jetstream from NYC in 1958.

Who bought Connie N8083H?

Aiming to fly an L-1649A cross-country, the charity Deutsche Lufthansa Berlin-Stiftung launched the Super Star Project, buying Connie N8083H and two other Starliners at a 2007 auction. Our Connie parted with her flaps, engine and rudder in hopes of helping her comrade fly again.

Design and development

Since 1937 Lockheed had been working on the L-044 Excalibur, a four-engine pressurized airliner. In 1939 Trans World Airlines, at the instigation of major stockholder Howard Hughes, requested a 40-passenger transcontinental airliner with 3,500 mi (5,630 km) range —well beyond the capabilities of the Excalibur design.

Variants

Super Constellation at Charles Prince Airport, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 1975. Used as a flying club headquarters.

Operators

After TWA’s initial order was filled following World War II, customers rapidly accumulated, with over 800 aircraft built. In military service, the U.S. Navy and Air Force operated the EC-121 Warning Star variant until 1978, nearly 40 years after work on the L-049 began.

Survivors

The Breitling Super Constellation: Swiss watch manufacturer Breitling sponsored a restoration of a C-121C Super Constellation, registration N73544, that is based in Basel and has since been featured in its advertisements. This plane is now registered in the Swiss Aircraft registry as HB-RSC.