ancient japanese constellations

ancient japanese constellations插图

Andromeda (And) ‘Andromeda’ or ‘The Chained Princess’ Northern ConstellationAquarius (Aqr) ‘The Water Bearer’ ZodiacalAquila (Aql) ‘The Eagle’ Northern ConstellationAra (Ara) ‘The Altar’ Southern ConstellationArgo Navis ‘The Argo (nauts’) Ship’ …Aries (Ari) ‘The Ram’ …Auriga (Aur) ‘The Charioteer’ …Botes (Boo) ‘The Herdsman’ …More items

How many original constellations were there?

N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Here are the 48 original constellations introduced by the Greek Astronomer Ptolemy in The Almagest, c. A.D. 140. The form in bold is the Latin name.

How did the zodiacal constellations get their names?

Scholars argue that by the third millennium BC, the names of a few zodiacal constellations, such as the Bull, the Lion and the Scorpion, were recorded in Sumerian texts. But historians of astronomy now propose that many of these constellations’ names date back to much, much earlier times.

What constellations are no longer used in astronomy?

The Argonaut’s ship, the Argo is no longer used as a constellation and the serpent constellation is divided in two, with the Ophiuchus between the head and tail. Andromeda (And) ‘Andromeda’ or ‘The Chained Princess’. Northern Constellation. Aquarius (Aqr)

How many constellations are in the northern hemisphere?

The long-accepted 48 constellations of the Northern Hemisphere that are most familiar today were previously thought to be organized, named, and codified into numerous myths by the early Greeks, many inherited from the Babylonians. But the true story of the constellations is much more complicated.

What is the name of the star that passes the night in Japan?

Stars that played a significant role in the lives of common citizens in Japan were often given the distinction of being called Yowatashi Boshi or passing the night stars. This phrase was applied to prominent star groups which would appear in the East at sunset and set with the dawning sun.

What are the three belt stars?

The grouping of stars that form the constellation , most especially the three belt stars or Mitsu Boshi have played a major role in Japan’s cultural heritage with the sky.

Why are the colors red and white important?

Due to the extraordinary bravery and loyalty exhibited by many members of both sides of this conflict, the colors of red and white came to have special significance that is still seen in present day Japan, most notable of course in the colors of the Japanese flag itself. Symbolizing duty, sacrifice, and loyalty, Rigel and Betelgeuse still are seen as reminders of these basic Japanese values. Thus, it may be quite appropriate that the bright stars of Betelgeuse and Rigel shine as emblems for the heritage of Heike and Genji.

How many brothers are in the Big Dipper?

These legends include one in which brothers become the tale stars of Scorpio and another in which seven brothers become the seven stars of the "Big Dipper" or "North Seven Stars" (Uchida, 1973). The legend that includes the belt stars and M42 region of Orion involves two sisters.

What are the mirrors of Orion?

Mirrors of Orion: Star Knowledge of the Ancient World. The mysterious monoliths of Asuka Nara and the Rock Ship of Masuda. Soma and Nakamura believe the observations were made several hundred years before the Kitora Tomb was constructed.

What is the Japanese case study of Orion?

As one of many groups of stars with which Japanese formed associations, Orion is a particularly rich "case study" in the ways in which Japanese historically made the sky a part of their lives.

How long is the tomb of the king?

The tomb consists of a small stone chamber just over 1 meter (3.3 feet) high, 1 meter (3.3 feet) wide and around 2.4 meters (7.9 feet) long.

How fast is Aterui?

CfCA completed a major upgrade of ATERUI last year, increasing performance from 502 teraflops to 1.058 petaflops, giving it the capability to perform 1,000 trillion calculations per second. The added speed will allow ATERUI to serve more researchers, as well as to take on even more complex simulations, Kokubo says.

How many exoplanets have been discovered?

But even though nearly 2,000 exoplanets have been discovered with tools like the Kepler Space Telescope, images of these distant worlds have remained elusive, with just a handful of extrasolar planets observed through direct detection to date. Tamura hoped to fill that gap with SEEDS, Strategic Explorations of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru. The five-year, direct-detection survey of giant planets and circumstellar disks — dust clouds around young stars from which planets form — around 500 nearby stars concluded in January 2015, resulting in the direct imaging of four planets, three brown dwarfs, and more than 30 protoplanetary disks, says Tamura, the principal investigator on the project.

Why is Kokubo so difficult to study?

For that, he turned to a supercomputer. “It’s very difficult to investigate the formation of planets by telescope because the timescale is very long, and the planets are very small and far away,” he says. “But what we can do is a numerical experiment.

What did Tamura observe in the circumstellar disk?

The survey’s observations offered astronomers a chance to study circumstellar disks as well, including the chance to observe gaps and tend rils Tamura calls “signatures of an unseen planet” within the disk structure.

What temperature is the Subaru telescope?

Temperatures there average 50° F (10° C) during the day and 32° F (0° C) at night. daigo tomono

How high is the Subaru telescope?

The Subaru Telescope, shown above the cloud line on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, sits at 13,580 feet (4139 meters) al titude.

What is the difference between turbulence and magnetic turbulence?

But the magnetic turbulence they observed was different: When a magnetic field line stops moving, the plasma around it moves at maximum speed in the opposite direction.

What constellation is not looking back?

The detail about "not looking back" which is found in virtually all of the "failed rescue from the underworld" myths around the world is also connected to a specific constellation — the constellation Sagittarius. As can be seen from the outline in the star-chart above (the outline suggested by H. A. Rey in his indispensable system of outlining the constellations), Sagittarius very clearly appears to be "looking back" over its shoulder (towards the right, as we face the diagram above) while walking the other way (towards the left, as we face the diagram above).

What constellation is Orpheus in?

Orpheus is almost certainly associated with the constellation Hercules (and with the Lyre), except when he descends to the underworld in order to try to rescue his beloved Eurydice, at which point he takes on the role of Sagittarius, looking back when he should not.

What does Izanagi ask Izanagi to do?

Later, Izanagi cannot bear to be without her, so he goes down to the underworld to ask her to come again and help him in the unfinished work of the lands of the world that they were creating together, but she laments and tells him that he is too late — she has eaten of the food of the underworld and can no longer return (this is a clear parallel to the story of Persephone in the myths of ancient Greece: its celestial import is addressed in Star Myths of the World, Volume Two, which is all about the myths of ancient Greece).

What is the name of the weapon that Izanagi carries?

Another major clue regarding the celestial identity of Izanagi, of course, is his irresistible "ten-grasp sword, " which is a weapon that strongly suggests a correspondence with the constellation Hercules in the sky. We have seen in our examination of numerous other Star Myths that Hercules-figures in the world’s myths often carry a powerful club, mace, sword, or even thunderbolt.

Is Amaterasu based on the constellations?

That story, too, can be shown to be based upon the constellations in the heavens — and it too has its parallels around the world. Not only does the story of Amaterasu have parallels in the solar figure who withdraws for a time and has to be coaxed back (see Achilles in the Iliad, for example), but also in the "obscene dance that makes a female figure smile," which is again found in the myths of ancient Greece (in one of the stories surrounding the myth of Demeter and Persephone, when Baubo causes Demeter to laugh with an obscene dance) and in the Norse myths (in the story of Skade or Skadi, when Loki causes her to laugh with an obscene performance). Some discussion of the celestial elements of that story can be found in a previous blog post here.

Is constellational feature obvious?

And yet, these constellational features are by no means obvious — in many cases they are very obscure — and therefore it is very difficult to argue that very different cultures around the world all decided to settle on the same way of incorporating these constellational features into their myths. It is far more likely that they all belong to some extremely ancient system which lies back of the different cultures of the world, some ancient system belonging to a culture or civilization in extreme antiquity, predating even the earliest Pyramid Texts of ancient Egypt and the earliest cuneiform tablets of ancient Mesopotamia (which can also be shown to be using the same system right from the outset) — some forgotten ancient origin situated so far back in time that today we have no record of its existence.

Did the Kojiki myths relate to the Bible?

It is very unlikely that the myths related in the Kojiki were influenced by the stories in the Bible , or in the Greek myths, or in the Norse myths. As we have seen, the parallels are not just with one culture but with many cultures, all of them very remote and separated from Japan by great distances (we’ve just witnessed evidence that some of the Kojiki episodes discussed above include parallels to the Bible, to the myths of ancient Greece, to the myths of ancient India, to the myths found among the Polynesian cultures stretched across the vast Pacific, to specific episodes in the Popol Vuh of the Maya, to events in the Norse myths, and to a sacred story from the Lakota of North America). I believe it is far more likely that the ancient myths of Japan, as with all the other world’s ancient myths, have very deep roots, stretching back to some now-forgotten source of incredible antiquity.

How many luminaries are there in the Star Mandala?

The nine luminaries appear often in Japan’s Star Mandala, as do the seven Big Dipper Stars, the twelve Zodiac signs, and the 28 moon lodges (this page). They likewise appear in the Taizōkai 胎蔵界曼荼羅 or Womb World Mandala.

What is the moon disk?

Myōken is also associated with a red sun disk (Nichirin 日輪) and white moon disk (Gachirin 月輪), which are befitting icons symbolizing Myōken ’s role as the supreme celestial deity, one “lighting” the way along the path of enlightenment.

How to know if your fortune is good or bad?

To determine if one’s fortune will be good or bad requires a knowledge of the movement of the celestial bodies, including those of the Big Dipper, the Nine Luminaries (five planets, sun, moon, comets, eclipses), the Twelve Signs of the Zodiac, and the Twenty-Eight Moon Lodges (this page).

What is the moon star crest?

"The moon-star crest (as used by the Chiba) was originally (and still is) the emblem of Myōken Bosatsu. During the Heian period, Myōken was adopted as the tutelary deity of the Chiba clan, and along with the bosatsu, they adopted the ‘moon-star’ crest as their mon. It seems this adoption was in recognition that Myōken had afforded protection in battle to one of the Chiba-clan ancestors."

How many days are in a lunar year?

Rather, the Asian lunar calendar is based on the twelve yearly phases of the moon, known as the twelve-month lunar year (each month lasting between 28 to 31 days). The Western (Greek/Roman) calendar is based on the annual path of the sun through twelve star constellations, known as the solar year.

What is the origin of the Little Dipper?

the Little Dipper and the Big Dipper. Origin = Chinese folk worship of the North Pole Star. Myōken is the deification of the North Pole Star (Hokushin 北辰) of the Little Bear constellation (Ursa Minor), as well as the deification of the Big Dipper (Ursa Major).

How many moon lodges are there?

The 28 Moon Lodges or 28 Lunar Mansions (as they are often called in English) are divided into four clusters, with each cluster made up of seven constellations. The four clusters represent the four cardinal directions (north, south, east, west).