andromeda the chained princess constellation

andromeda the chained princess constellation插图

The Andromeda constellation is the19th largest in the sky. It is also known as the Chained Woman. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times and is associated with a beautiful princess who was sacrificed to the Sea Monster, Cetus, as a result of her mother’s vanity.

How did the Andromeda constellation get its name?

The Andromeda constellation was known already to ancient Greeks. The Andromeda constellation consists of 16 stars visible in the northern sky. Named by ancient Greeks after the mythological Andromeda princess, the constellation contains the Andromeda Galaxy, the nearest full-fledged galaxy to our own Milky Way.

What is the story of Andromeda the Princess?

The legendary princess, Andromeda, was a mortal woman born to King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia. Andromeda’s fate was sealed when Cassiopeia bragged that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereid sea nymphs. The Nereid sea nymphs were known for their astounding beauty.

How many stars are in the Andromedae constellation?

Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Andromedae, also known by its traditional name, Alpheratz. The nearest star is Ross 248 (spectral class M6V), also known as HH Andromedae.

What is the brightest star in the Andromeda constellation?

It is the brightest mercury-manganese star ever known in history having a luminosity 200 times that of the Sun. Alpharatz links the Andromeda Constellation to Pegasus, the horse that Perseus rode to save Andromeda. This has almost the same magnitude as Alpharatz.

What are the stars in the Andromeda constellation?

The brightest stars in the constellation — Alpheratz, Mirach and Almach — form a chain between the Great Square of Pegasus and the constellation Perseus.

What is the constellation of Andromeda named after?

The constellation was named after the mythical princess Andromeda, the daughter of Queen Cassiopeia and wife of the Greek hero Perseus. It is also known as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis (daughter of Cepheus). Among other notable deep sky objects, Andromeda constellation contains the famous Andromeda Galaxy ( Messier 31) …

Where is Mirach located?

The name Mirach is a corrupted derivation from the Arabic word for “girdle,” mizar, referring to the star’s placement at Andromeda’s left hip. Mirach is located only seven arcminutes from the galaxy NGC 404.

Where is NGC 206?

NGC 206 is a star cloud in the Andromeda Galaxy. It is the brightest star cloud in M31 seen from Earth and one of the largest star forming regions in the Local Group of galaxies. The cloud contains a number of very bright stars and is located in a zone free of neutral hydrogen in one of Andromeda’s spiral arms.

How far is Iota Andromedae?

Iota Andromedae is a B-type main sequence dwarf, bluish white in colour. It has a magnitude of +4.29 and is 503 light years distant.

What is the latitude of Andromeda?

It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1). The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°. The neighboring constellations are Cassiopeia, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, Pisces and Triangulum.

How many stars are there in Andromeda?

Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Andromedae, also known by its traditional name, Alpheratz. The nearest star is Ross 248 (spectral class M6V), also known as HH Andromedae.

How to find the constellation Andromeda

Andromeda is easy to find because of the company it keeps. The W-shaped constellation of Cassiopeia points toward Andromeda. Andromeda is also next to the Great Square of Pegasus. In fact, one of the stars of the Great Square actually belongs to Andromeda.

Stars of the constellation Andromeda

The brightest star in the Great Square of Pegasus actually belongs to Andromeda: the magnitude 2.06 star Alpheratz. Alpheratz lies 97 light-years away. Another magnitude 2.06 star, Mirach, lies to the upper left of Alpheratz. Mirach lies 197 light-years away and is the closest bright star to the Andromeda Galaxy.

Finding the Andromeda Galaxy

Although M31, the Andromeda Galaxy, is centrally located in the constellation Andromeda, it is actually easier to find by using the stars of Cassiopeia. The magnitude 3.5 galaxy can be seen as a hazy patch in a dark sky, but most people will need binoculars or a telescope to find the wide misty patch.

Observing M31, the Andromeda Galaxy

M31, at magnitude 3.5, should be easy to see once you have it located in your binoculars or telescope. The grayish patch should show an oval shape, characteristic of spiral galaxies. Two other Messier objects are within your field of view when you are looking at Andromeda.

How many constellations are there in the constellation Andromeda?

Constellation Andromeda is part of a family of nine constellations known as the Perseus Group.

How big is the Andromeda constellation?

Covering an area of 722 square degrees, the Andromeda constellation is the 19th largest constellation.

How far away is the Andromeda Galaxy?

So how far away is the Andromeda Galaxy? It’s 2.5 million light years from Earth, and appears in clear autumn and winter nights as a pale and elongated nebula. The Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi first described the Andromeda Nebula in the 10th century as a ‘small cloud.’

What is the name of the star that is located at the hip of the princess?

Starting from 1943, scientists have been using its spectrum as one of the anchor points by which stars are categorized. The name ‘Mirach’ comes from the Arabic language and means ‘girdle ’, referring to the star’s position at the hip of the princess.

Why did Poseidon awoke Ketos?

Poseidon became very angry. His anger was so powerful that it awoke the mighty sea monster, Ketos. Because the beast was so suddenly awakened, it hurled its wrath on the Kingdom of Ethiopia as divine retribution. King Cepheus quickly asked the oracle how he could save his realm, and learned that he had to sacrifice Andromeda to this vile monster. And so she was stripped and chained naked to a rock on the beach to await her fate.

What is the brightest star in the constellation?

Alpheratz, or Alpha Andromedae is the brightest star in the constellation. Other names include Alpherat and Sirrah, which derive from the Arabic name that means ‘navel of the mare’. Alpha Andromedae is located 97 light years from the Sun. It is actually a binary star (a system of two stars). Interestingly, the main star contains abnormally high levels of mercury and manganese, being the most luminous mercury-manganese star known.

What is the name of the galaxy in Andromeda?

Andromeda is home to several deep-sky objects, including the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31), as well as Messier 32 and Messier 110, a dwarf elliptical galaxy each.

What is the name of the constellation of the Andromeda Galaxy?

The most famous of these is M31, the Andromeda Galaxy, which was named for the constellation. It is one of the most distant naked-eye objects in the night sky. The other two, M32 and M110, are both elliptical galaxies and satellites of the Andromeda Galaxy. Andromeda takes its name from Greek mythology. It is said to represent a beautiful young …

How many stars are in the constellation Andromeda?

In all, the constellation contains 65 known stars, 18 of which make up its shape. The most prominent is Alpheratz (also known as Sirrah), the brightest star in the constellation. Other named stars include Mirach, Almach, and Adhil. Andromeda contains only three Messier objects, bright deep sky objects identified primarily by French astronomer …

What is the name of the princess punished for her mother’s vanity?

Meet Andromeda, an unlucky princess punished for her mother’s vanity. Learn more! by Jaime McLeod Updated: December 5, 2020. Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations cataloged by the Second Century Greek astronomer Ptolemy, and is still one of 88 officially recognized modern constellations. It sits on the south side of the sky in the …

Who saved Andromeda from the monster?

Luckily for Andromeda, the hero Perseus intervened. He struck a deal with Cepheus and Cassiopeia that if he saved Andromeda from the monster, he would win the right to marry her. Perseus fought off the monster and, after also fighting her former fiancé at the wedding, married Andromeda.

What is the brightest star in Andromeda?

This is the most shining star in Andromeda. It is also called “Sirrah.” Its distance from the earth is 917 light years. It is a binary star having a magnitude of +2.06. Alpharatz is both hot and blue and categorized as a BB subgiant. It is the brightest mercury-manganese star ever known in history having a luminosity 200 times that of the Sun. Alpharatz links the Andromeda Constellation to Pegasus, the horse that Perseus rode to save Andromeda.

What is the name of the galaxy closest to the Milky Way?

Plus, there is the Andromeda galaxy (M31), which is the Andromeda constellation’s most visible deep-sky object. It is also referred to as the Great Galaxy of Andromeda and is nearest to the Milky Way. Besides, Andromeda is home to several, other galaxies such as M110, M32 and distant NGC 891.

How far is the Andromeda Galaxy from Earth?

Its distance from earth is estimated at 2.2 million light years. It is the most massive neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the most massive member of the Local Group of galaxies. The Andromeda Galaxy has a total of 15 satellite galaxies with nine of them lying in a plane and two open star clusters.

What is the color of the Andromeda constellation?

There is also Beta Andromedae, which is a red giant with color that is visible to the human eye.

Which constellations are in the Perseus myth?

Many neighboring constellations such as Cetus , Cassiopeia , Perseus, and Cepheus, and Cepheus are also characters in the Perseus myth as well as the Andromeda mythology.

Where is Andromeda located?

Andromeda is a northern constellation located directly south of Cassiopeia between Pegasus and Perseus. Basic information about Andromeda.

How big is Andromeda?

The Andromeda constellation is among the most massive constellations having 722 square degrees area, which is more than 1400 times the size of the full moon, about 55% of the size of Hydra, the most massive constellation, and more than ten times the size of Crux, the smallest constellation. Andromeda has a certain number …

What star has flowing hair?

Andromeda has long, flowing hair that falls around her shoulders. The stars Eta Andromedae and Sigma Andromedae pinpoint her arms. The bright star Mirach is known as the girdle. It lies in the center of her body, and you can imagine a long flowing red robe, secured at the waist by a rope tie.

How far is Iota Andromedae from Earth?

Iota Andromedae is a blue-white star, 503 light-years away. Upsilon Andromedae is 44 light- years away from Earth. Adhil is a double star and lies about 196 light-years away. The distance from milky way to Andromeda galaxy is a massive 2.5 million light-years. NGC 206 is about 400 light-years away.

How to complete the image of Andromeda the Princess?

To complete the image of Andromeda the princess constellation, wrap chains around her wrists and ankles. The chains are free and loose and the great warrior Perseus is rescuing her from the monster. He is about to carry her off to become his wife and live happily ever after.

What constellation is the chained woman?

Andromeda Con stellation. The Andromeda constellation is the 19th largest in the sky. It is also known as the Chained Woman. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times and is associated with a beautiful princess who was sacrificed to the Sea Monster, Cetus, as a result of her mother’s vanity.

Where does the name Mirach come from?

Beta Andromedae is also known as Mirach. The name comes from the partially-related Arabic word mizar meaning “girdle”. Mirach lies at Andromeda’s left hip, where her rope tie holds her robe closed. Mirach has an apparent magnitude of 2.01 and you can see this Andromeda naked eye star without a telescope.

How far is NGC 206 from Earth?

NGC 206 is about 400 light-years away. Taking into account the brightest stars and their individual distances, the average distance to the Andromeda constellation from Earth is about 213 light-years. If you consider the deep sky galaxies, the distance is around millions of light-years.

What is the name of the star at the top of the Andromeda’s head?

A prominent pattern of stars, known as an asterism, defines the main. Andromeda star at the top of her head. This star is Alpheratz, and also forms part of the Great Square of Pegasus.

How many children did Perseus and Andromeda have?

Perseus and Andromeda had nine children during their marriage; seven sons and two daughters. Perseus and Andromeda’s seven sons were Perses, Alcaeus, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus, Electryon, and Cyunrus. Their two daughters were Autochthe and Gorgophone. Perseus and Andromeda’s children would live in Mycenae and continue to rule the civilization.

What does the constellation Cepheus represent?

The constellation Cepheus represents Andromeda’s father, King Cepheus. This constellation is indicative of a large man wearing a crown. The constellation Pegasus represents the winged horse that was birthed from the neck of Medusa when Perseus beheaded her. The constellation Cetus represents the sea monster that Poseidon sent upon …

What did Perseus do when he saw Andromeda chained to a rock?

As Perseus was on his way home from beheading the monster Medusa, he noticed Andromeda was chained to a rock and was facing being eaten from the sea monster Cetus. Perseus was captivated by her beauty and decided to rescue her. With the head of Medusa in his satchel, he pulled out Medusa’s head and showed it to the sea monster.

How did Perseus kill Phineus?

Phineus attempted to fight Perseus for Andromeda, but Perseus killed Phineus by using Medusa’s head to turn him to stone. After they married, Andromeda and Perseus ventured Greece together.

What constellations are related to Andromeda?

There are additional constellations located within the Andromeda galaxy that are related to this legendary princess. In addition to the constellations Perseus and Cassiopeia, there are also the constellations Cepheus, Pegasus, and Cetus. The constellation Cepheus represents Andromeda’s father, King Cepheus. This constellation is indicative of …

Where is Andromeda in the sky?

When Andromeda dies, Athena keeps her promise and places Andromeda in the sky within the Andromeda constellation. The Andromeda constellation is fittingly located between the Perseus constellation and the Cassiopeia constellation. There are additional constellations located within the Andromeda galaxy that are related to this legendary princess.

Why did Poseidon send a sea monster upon the land?

When Poseidon heard that Cassiopeia was bragging that her daughter, Andromeda, was more beautiful than the Nereids, Poseidon sent a sea monster upon the land to ravage the princess as revenge.