grus constellation myth

grus constellation myth插图

The Crane
The Myth Behind the Constellation Grus Grus,“The Crane”,is one of the inventions of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de HoutmanFrederick de HoutmanFrederick de Houtman, or Frederik de Houtman, was a Dutch explorer who sailed along the Western coast of Australia en route to Batavia, known today as Jakarta in Indonesia. He made observations of the southern stars and possibly contributed to the creation of 12 new southern c…en.wikipedia.org,two Dutch navigators who observed the southern skies at the end of the sixteenth century. It is another of their creations based on animals.

What are the myths associated with the constellation Grus?

There are no myths associated with the constellation. Grus was one of the 12 constellations created by Dutch explorers in the late 16th century. The only connection the crane has with mythology lies in the fact that it was a sacred bird to the god Hermes.

Is grus a zodiac sign?

Grus is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets. Grus is a southern hemispheric constellation which means it can’t be seen easily or at all from the northern hemisphere. There are 10 Extrasolar Planets(Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site.

When was the constellation Grus first discovered?

In 1603, the constellation first appeared in the celestial atlas, in Uranometria by Johann Bayer. Grus constellation was known as Phoenicopterus in the 17 th century which means “the flamingo” in Latin.

What is the brightest star in the Grus constellation?

The brightest star in Grus is Al Nair and is located about 105.32 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 1.73 but an absolute magnitude of -0.72 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years. The star is recognised as being the brightest in the constellation as it has the Bayer status of Alpha.

What is the name of the star in GRUS?

Gliese 832 is also one of the six stars in Grus with known exoplanets. The others are HD 208487 (spectral class G2V), WASP-52 (G5IV), HD 213240 (G4IV), HD 215456 (G0.5V), and Tau-1 Gruis (G0IV). Gliese 832, HD 215456 and HD 208487 have two known planets each, while the other three stars have one orbiting planet.

What constellation is located in the 4th quadrant of the southern hemisphere?

Grus is the 45th constellation in size, occupying an area of 366 square degrees in the sky. It is located in the fourth quadrant of the southern hemisphere (SQ4) and can be seen at latitudes between +34° and -90°. The neighboring constellations are Indus, Microscopium, Piscis Austrinus, Phoenix, Sculptor and Tucana.

What family is Grus in?

Grus belongs to the Johann Bayer family of constellations, along with Apus, Chamaeleon, Dorado, Hydrus, Indus, Musca, Pavo, Phoenix, Tucana and Volans. Grus does not contain any Messier objects. There are no meteor showers associated with the constellation.

What constellation is the crane in?

Grus con stellation lies in the southern sky. Its name means “the crane” in Latin.

Where is the IC 5148 located?

IC 5148 is a beautiful planetary nebula located some 3000 light-years away in the constellation of Grus (The Crane). The nebula has a diameter of a couple of light-years, and it is still growing at over 50 kilometres per second — one of the fastest expanding planetary nebulae known. The term “planetary nebula” arose in the 19th century, when the first observations of such objects — through the small telescopes available at the time — looked somewhat like giant planets. However, the true nature of planetary nebulae is quite different. When a star with a mass similar to or a few times more than that of our Sun approaches the end of its life, its outer layers are thrown off into space. The expanding gas is illuminated by the hot remaining core of the star at the centre, forming the planetary nebula, which often takes on a beautiful, glowing shape. When observed with a smaller amateur telescope, this particular planetary nebula shows up as a ring of material, with the star — which will cool to become a white dwarf — shining in the middle of the central hole. This appearance led astronomers to nickname IC 5148 the Spare Tyre Nebula. The ESO Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (EFOSC2) on the New Technology Telescope at La Silla gives a somewhat more elegant view of this object. Rather than looking like a spare tyre, the nebula resembles ethereal blossom with layered petals. Image: ESO

Where does the name Alnair come from?

The name Alnair comes from the Arabic al-nayyir, which means “the bright one,” from the phrase al-Nayyir min Dhanab al-?ūt, or “the bright (star) belongs to the tail of the (Southern) Fish (constellation).” The Southern Fish is the English name for the constellation Piscis Austrinus.

Is NGC 7424 a field galaxy?

NGC 7424 is suspected to be a field galaxy, which is to say, while it is listed as a member of the IC 1459 Grus Group of galaxies, it is not gravitationally bound to any galaxy group.

What is the 45th largest constellation in the sky?

Grus is the 45th largest in terms of size in the night sky. The constellation name means The Crane . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman years later. There are 7 stars that make up the main constellation.

How many constellations are there in the night sky?

Grus (Pronounciation:Grus, Abbrev:Gru, Latin:Gruis) is one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Grus takes up 365.513 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.89% of the night sky. Grus is the 45th largest in terms of size in the night sky.

What is the furthest star in the constellation?

The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 111026 and it is 163081.7 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.

Why can’t you go to one location and arrive at the constellation?

You can’t just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 101.01 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 309.45 light years. The average distance to the main stars is …

What is the brightest star in Grus?

The brightest star in Grus is Al Nair and is located about 105.32 light years from the Sun. The star has a apparent magnitude of 1.73 but an absolute magnitude of -0.72 when the star is viewed from a distance of 10 Parsecs or 32.6 Light Years.

What is the equator of the zodiac?

The Celestial Equator is the projection of the terrestrial equator into space. The Ecliptic is the path that the Earth takes round the Sun. The Earth is titled at 23.44° which is why the two differ. The Zodiac constellations are based on the Ecliptic.

What is the caveat of stars?

The caveat of these stars are that they are catalogued on this site. If you know of a star that is nearer or further then do let me know in the comments and I’ll add it to the site. The stars mentioned are from the Hipparcos catalogue or have been added because of their special status.

What is the connection between Grus and mythology?

The connection of Grus with mythology is that it is namesake to the sacred bird of God Hermes. It is one of the 12 constellations formulated by the Dutch explorers in the 16 th century. The constituent stars of Grus were located in the south of Piscis Austrinus constellation.

What is the 45th position of the constellation Grus?

Its situation is in the southern hemisphere in the fourth quadrant (SQ4) and is visible between the latitudes +34 degree and -90 degrees. Indus, Tucana, Microscopium, Sculptor, Piscis Austrinus, and Phoenix are its neighbors.

Which constellation is home to Grus?

Johann Bayer constellation family is home to Grus which is also adobe of Volans , Apus , Tucana , Chameleon , Phoenix , Dorado , Pavo , Hydrus , Musca, and Indus. Grus is deprived of Messier objects, and meteor showers are also not a feature of Grus.

How to spot Grus constellation?

The constellation is visible at latitudes between +34° and -90°. Grus is bordered by these constellations: Indus , Microscopium , Piscis Austrinus , Phoenix , Sculptor, and Tucana

What constellation is the crane in Latin?

Grus constellation extends in the southern hemisphere and it means the crane in Latin. Its brightest stars are Alnair and Gruis – the two have contrasting colors and because of that could be easily distinguished. The best time to look for this constellation is during fall and you can spot it near Telescopium, Piscis Austrinus, Tucana, and Phoenix.

Why is the Grus part of the Southern Fish constellation?

The reason for that was because its stars were not visible to northern observers.

What constellation is Grus in?

Grus belongs to the Johann Bayer family of constellations, along with Apus , Chamaeleon , Dorado , Hydrus , Indus , Musca , Pavo , Phoenix , Tucana, and Volans . Grus does not contain any Messier objects. There are no meteor showers associated with the constellation.

When was the constellation Grus first discovered?

Grus’ stellar patterns first appeared in 1597. on a celestial globe. A few years after Bayer cataloged it in Uranometria and Grus was considered as constellation right after that. This constellation is now accepted and listed as one of 88 modern constellations by IAU .

Why did the Dutch travel to the Spice Islands?

At the end of the 16th century, a Dutch fleet traveled to the Spice Islands in order to create some new trade deals. Captain Keyser was in charge of the fleet, and during that mission, the positions of 135 stars were measured and later on included in the sky maps of Plancius. He invented 12 new constellations, including Grus, but then referred to as "Den Reygher".

Where is the GRUS asterism located?

Grus is located south of the ecliptic plane and its asterism consists of seven main stars and 28 ones with Bayer/Flamsteed designations. Grus is visible best to all observers at culmination during the month of October.

What does the constellation Grus mean?

Its name means “the crane” in Latin. It first appeared on a celestial globe created by Plancius in 1598 and was later included in Johann Bayer’s star atlas in 1603. In the early 17th century, the constellation was briefly known as Phoenicopterus, which is Latin for “the flamingo”. The name was eventually changed back to Grus.

How far away is the Grus star?

It is a blue giant star that lies about 211 light years from our solar system. Grus contains no Messier objects. It does, however, contain a number of dim deep-sky objects that can only be seen in large telescopes. One of the most notable of these is NGC 7424.

What constellation is visible between latitudes?

Visible Between Latitudes: The constellation Grus, the crane, is located in the southern hemisphere of the sky. It is visible at latitudes south of 33 degrees north from July through September. It is a relatively small constellation, covering an area of 366 square degrees. It ranks 45th in size among the 88 constellations in the night sky.

What is the name of the galaxy in the constellation of the Milky Way?

One of the most notable of these is NGC 7424. It is a barred spiral galaxy approximately 100,000 light years in diameter, which makes it similar in size to our own Milky Way galaxy. Another interesting object in this constellation is IC 5148, the Spare-tyre Nebula.

Which star is brighter than magnitude 4?

Grus contains four stars brighter than magnitude 4. The brightest is Alnair with a visual magnitude of 1.74. It is a blue-white subdwarf star located approximately 101 light years from Earth. Gruid is the second brightest star with a magnitude of 2.15.

Is there a mythology associated with the constellation Grus?

It is bordered by Piscis Austrinus to the north, Sculptor to the northeast, Phoenix to the east, Tucana to the south, Indus to the southwest, and Microscopium to the west. There is no mythology associated with the constellation Grus. It is one of twelve constellations identified by Petrus Plancius based on observations by Dutch navigators.

What do cranes symbolize?

In every land where they appear cranes have always been a symbol of longevity. For cranes living in the wild an age of up to 60 years has been cited, and there is one record of a captive Siberian crane living for 83 years and fathering chicks at age 78. By comparison swans only live to around thirty years. The partly gray feathers of cranes, and some species having predominantly gray feathers, might symbolically suggest aging. Geranos is the Greek for crane and geras, from where we get the word geriatrics, is old age, geron, ‘old man’, gerus, ‘old woman; wrinkled skin’, from Indo-European root * gere- ‘To grow old’. Derivatives: ageratum (a-, without; + geras, old age; a plant that is called ageless or everlasting), geriatrics (from Greek geras, old age), geronto – (from Greek geron, stem geront -, old man), progeria (aging disease). [Pokorny ger – 390. Watkins

What is the Crane Dance?

Cranes have elaborate courting displays or ‘dances’. In mythology the Crane Dance called Geranos, was performed by Theseus after his escape from the Labyrinth. Theseus had used a ball of thread to find his way out of the Labyrinth, and the dance he performed with the Athenians who escaped with him was an imitation of the windings of the Labyrinth. The ball of thread might relate to the chromosomes which carry the genes, they are coiled, threadlike structures of DNA? and why the word pedigree is related to ‘crane’ and ‘grus’. The Labyrinth (see Hercules) is also the term for a system of fluid passages in the inner ear, including both the cochlea which is part of the auditory system, and the vestibular system which provides the sense of balance. It is named by analogy with the mythical maze that imprisoned the Minotaur, because of its appearance [ ]. [The word ear ( auris) might be adjacent Pisces Australis and Grus was once part of that constellation.] There are Mechano receptors in the cochlea of the ear that detect sounds and the motion of the body. Sound is a mechanical wave, meaning it produces vibrational energy in the medium through which it moves, such as air. The crane standing on one leg might also suggest something to do with balance. [ Hercules whose name might be resolved into ‘listening in the air’ performed twelve labors, and the word ‘labyrinth’ may be related to ‘labor’ as explained on Hercules’ page].

What is the meaning of the cranes of Ibycus?

The phrase “ the cranes of Ibycus ” became a proverb among the Greeks for the discovery of crime through divine intervention. It relates to the story of Ibycus, a Greek lyric poet, of the 6th century BC. While in the neighbourhood of Corinth, the poet was mortally wounded by robbers. As he lay dying he saw a flock of cranes flying overhead, and swore “Those cranes will avenge me.” Shortly afterward the robbers were sitting in a theater in Corinth and saw a flock of cranes flying by. One joked to his friend “there go the avengers of Ibycus” [ ]. The remark was overheard and the robbers were arrested. Cranes pointed to the killers by mysteriously circling over the head of one of the guilty. This old proverb has been referred to as “The Cranes of Ibycus” [ ]. This legend is probably a play on the similarity between the poet’s name and the Ancient Greek word for ‘crane’ ( ibyx) [ ].

What constellation is the alpha bird?

alpha ( Al Nair ), marking the body of the bird, is the conspicuous 2d-magnitude southwest from Fomalhaut when the latter culminates in autumn evenings, itself coming to the meridian on the 11th of October. It was Al Tizini’s Al Na’ir, the Bright One, i. e. of the Fish’s tail ( Pisces Austrinus ), when that constellation extended over the stars of our Grus. The Chinese knew it as Ke

What are Cranes known for?

Cranes are noted for their elaborate courtship dances; humans on stilts copied the dance. “Cranes are the exotic dancers of the bird kingdom. Their gyrations have been compared to the antics of fervent pioneer preachers leading their congregations” [ ]. They are credited with great diligence, intelligence and vigilance; they are reported to post sentries while they sleep. They spend a long time preening their feathers and paint themselves with mud to camouflage themselves. Greek letters of the alphabet came from myths about cranes. The crane was used as a symbol of the astronomer by the Ancient Egyptians.

Which constellations included the stars of the Arabians?

The Arabians included its stars in the Southern Fish ( Pisces Austrinus ), Al Sufi giving its alpha, beta, delta, theta, iota, and lambda as unformed members of that constellation.

What is a grus?

Grus is a genus of large birds in the crane family. The Latin word grus and English word crane are cognates as Klein explains: crane, from Middle English crane, crone, Middle High German krone, Old English cranoc, cornoc, German Kranich, ‘crane’, and cognate with Greek geranos, Cornish, Welsh, Breton garan, ‘crane’, Latin grus, ‘crane’, from the Indo-European imitative base gere-, ‘to utter a hoarse cry’. Related words: the first element in cran berry, geran ium, Grui formes (order Gruiformes, the coots, cranes, and rails), and the last element in pedi gree. The name Pettigrew