How to See the PerseidsFind a secluded viewing spot,away from the city lights. …Dress for the weather,and make sure you are comfortable,especially if you plan to stay out long. …Once you have found your viewing spot,lie down on the ground and look at the sky. …Meteor showers appear to originate from the radiant,but meteors can appear in any part of the sky.Parent:109P/Swift-TuttlePeriod:Jul 17-Aug 24See table of timesWhere:Northern Hemisphere (Best)
What is the best time of year to see Perseus?
Perseus is a beautiful constellation that can best be seen in the autumn sky and the early winter months in the northern hemisphere. It is known for its unique star clusters and its two brightest stars – Mirfak and Algol. The star known as Algol is a variable star, which means its brightness changes over the course of the night.
What constellation does Perseus look like?
Perseus looks like a hunter or a dancing man, and it’s easy to find by using other well-known star formations as guides. You can also use a star chart. Locate the Big Dipper, which is one of the most recognizable star formations in the northern sky. Not a constellation in its own right, the Big Dipper is part of Ursa Major, the Great Bear.
How do I find Perseus?
It is easy to find Perseus by either looking southward from Cassiopeia or just to the left of Taurus the Bull. Read about the Mythology of Perseus, or review the Magnitude Charts for Perseus .
What is the name of the constellation that is the oldest?
Perseus is one of the oldest constellations, having been cataloged by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the second century, and it has more than one attraction for stargazers. It’s the center from which the annual Perseid meteor shower, a midsummer spectacle in the Northern Hemisphere, radiates. Also, one of its most famous stars, Algol, is a binary star system that varies noticeably in brightness every 68.75 hours. Perseus looks like a hunter or a dancing man, and it’s easy to find by using other well-known star formations as guides. You can also use a star chart.
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What is the latitude of Perseus?
Perseus is the 24th largest constellation and is visible from latitudes 90 degrees north to 35 degrees south.
How to find Perseus?
Perseus looks like a hunter or a dancing man, and it’s easy to find by using other well-known star formations as guides. You can also use a star chart. Using Other Star Formations . Locate the Big Dipper, which is one of the most recognizable star formations in the northern sky.
How to view a sky chart?
The east-west orientation is reversed, which may seem counterintuitive. It’s because the proper way to view the chart is to hold it over your head as if it were the sky, so when you look down on the map, you are seeing a mirror-image of the sky. If you want to see the direct image of the sky on the map, lay on the ground and hold the map overhead, or you can use a mirror laid on the ground or a table surface. If you have a scanner, you can scan the image and mirror-reverse it using image-processing software, then print it out.
Who is the brightest star in Perseus?
Earth Sky: Mirfak is Perseus’ Brightest Star . Society for Popular Astronomy: How to Use a Star Chart . About the Author. Chris Deziel holds a Bachelor’s degree in physics and a Master’s degree in Humanities, He has taught science, math and English at the university level, both in his native Canada and in Japan.
Where is the W shape of Cassiopeia?
Locate the third star forming the "W" shape in Cassiopeia, starting from the part of the constellation farthest from Polaris. Draw a line from that star to the second star in the "W" and continue that line for about three times the distance between the two stars to find Mirfak, the brightest star in Perseus.
What is the name of the constellation of Perseus?
Perseus Constellation Fast Facts. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky. The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas.
What star is Perseus in?
Once you have spotted Perseus, look for its two brightest stars. The brightest is Mirfak, a yellow star at the mid-point of the constellation.
How many sons did Perseus have?
While rescuing Andromeda, the daughter of Cassiopeia and Cepheus, Perseus also slew the sea monster Cetus. Perseus and Andromeda went on to have seven sons and two daughters. Their son Perses was said to be the ancestor of the Persians.
What is the name of the cluster of stars that can be seen with the naked eye?
The double star cluster is easily observed with the use of a small telescope. M34: M34 is an open cluster that may be seen (barely) with the naked eye and is easily resolved with a small telescope. Abell 426: Abell 426 or the Perseus cluster is a massive group of thousands of galaxies.
Where is Perseus in the sky?
Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated November 07, 2019. Perseus, the 24th-largest constellation, is located in the northern sky. The stellar configuration is thought to resemble the Greek hero Perseus raising a diamond sword above his head with one hand while holding the decapitated head of the Gorgon Medusa in the other.
What is the magnitude of GK Persei?
GK Persei: GK Persei is a nova that reached peak brightness in 1901 with a magnitude of 0.2.
Where is Perseus in the constellation?
If Cassiopeia resembles a "W," Perseus will be the group of stars below the left part of the zig-zag. If Cassiopeia resembles an "M," Perseus will be the group of stars below the right part of the zig-zag.
Why is the Perseid meteor shower associated with the Perseus constellation?
The Perseid meteor shower is associated with the Perseus constellation because its apparent point of origin, also called the radiant, is located in the constellation. Two Perseid meteors and their radiant (crossing of dotted line). Two star constellations are indicated. Photo: Brocken Inaglory.
What is the name of the star that has 7.3 solar masses?
Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun and 5000 times more luminous. The star’s traditional names, Mirfak and Algenib, mean “elbow” and “flank” or “side” respectively in Arabic. Gamma Pegasi in the nearby constellation Pegasus is now formally known as Algenib.
What is the brightest star in the constellation Perseus?
Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It has a visual magnitude of 1.806 and is approximately 510 light years distant. It is the brightest star in Perseus constellation and one of the brightest stars in the sky.
What is the name of the constellation that is home to the star Algol?
Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The constellation is best known for its annual Perseid meteor shower. It is also home to the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei.
Why did Perseus use Medusa’s head?
Atlas refused him hospitality and Perseus used Medusa’s head to turn him into stone, or into the mountain range that bears his name. Later, Perseus came across the princess Andromeda, who was chained to a rock and left to the sea monster Cetus by her parents, King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, to appease the monster.
How many meteor showers are there in Perseus?
There are two meteor showers associated with the constellation; the Perseids and the September Perseids. Perseus contains eight named stars. The proper names of stars that have been officially approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Algol, Atik, Berehinya, Menkib, Miram, Mirfak, Misam, and Muspelheim.
How old is Persei?
It is seven times more massive than the Sun and believed to be about 6.8 million years old.
What is the brightest star in the sky?
Brightest star: Mirfak (α Per) Visible at: Latitudes between +90° and ?35°. Best viewed: During the month of December at 9.00pm. The Perseus constellation is the 24th largest in the sky. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times.
How far is Gorgonea Tertia from Perseus?
Gorgonea Tertia, also known as Rho Persei, is closer, at a distance of 308 light-years. The distance from the milky way to the Double Cluster is around 7,600 light-years. The Perseus Cluster is a massive 240 million light-years away and the beautiful Dumbbell Nebula is 2500 light-years away.
What constellations are connected to the Great Warrior?
These constellations include Cassiopeia, Andromeda’s Mother, Cetus the Sea Monster, Auriga, Cepheus, Lacerta, Pegasus the Winged Horse, and Triangulum ( 1 ). The Perseus (constellation) occupies an area of 615 square degrees.
Where is Perseus in the sky?
Perseus can be found in the sky by locating the constellations of Cassiopeia or Andromeda.
What is the area of Perseus?
The Perseus (constellation) occupies an area of 615 square degrees. The neighboring Zodiac constellations are Taurus the Bull and Aries the Ram. Neighboring constellations that are not part of the Zodiac constellations are Cassiopeia, Andromeda, Auriga, and Triangulum. For home astronomers, Perseus has many exciting Perseus constellation facts.
How far away is the Demon Star?
The Demon Star, Algol, is 92 light-years away. Atik is 750 light-years away. Epsilon Persei, the multiple star system, lies about 640 light-years away from the Solar System. Gamma Persei, a double star system, lies about 243 light-years away from Earth. Delta Persei is also far away, at a distance of 520 light-years.
Where is 3C 83.1B?
3C 83.1B is a radio galaxy located in the Perseus Cluster. It lies in the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. A radio galaxy is a specific type of active galaxy that emits more light at radio wavelengths than at visible wavelengths.
What Time Does the Meteor Shower Peak?
The table is updated daily and shows the position of the Perseids radiant in the sky for the upcoming night. Use the date drop down above the Interactive Meteor Shower Sky Map to change dates.
How to see Perseids?
How to See the Perseids 1 Find a secluded viewing spot, away from the city lights. Once at the venue, your eyes may take 15 to 20 minutes to get used to the dark. 2 Dress for the weather, and make sure you are comfortable, especially if you plan to stay out long. Bring a blanket or a comfortable chair with you—meteor watching can be a waiting game. 3 Once you have found your viewing spot, lie down on the ground and look up in the direction of the radiant. Use our Interactive Meteor Shower Sky Map or the table above to find the current direction of the radiant in the sky.
Why are Perseids named after Perseus?
This is because the direction, or radiant, from which the shower seems to come in the sky lies in the same direction as Perseus.
What is azimuth based on?
Azimuth is the direction, based on true north; a compass might show a slightly different value.
When will the meteor showers peak in 2021?
Northern Hemisphere (Best) List of meteor showers. In 2021, the Perseids will peak on the night between Aug 12–13.
Where can you see the Perseid meteor shower?
The Perseid meteor shower will appear to radiate from the Perseus Constellation. (Image credit: Future)
What is the most popular meteor shower?
The bright Perseids are perhaps the most popular meteor shower of the year, and they’ve just begun! With clear skies, you could see what some consider the most spectacular cosmic light show.
How long does it take to see a meteor shower?
Go to a dark area, in the suburbs or countryside, and prepare to sit outside for a few hours. It takes about 30 minutes for your eyes to adjust to the dark, and the longer you wait outside, the more you’ll see. A rate of 60-70 meteors per hour, for instance, means around one meteor per minute, including faint streaks along with bright, fireball-generating ones.
What are the pieces of debris that are in space called?
When they’re in space, these pieces of debris are called "meteoroids, " but when they reach Earth’s atmosphere, they’re designated as "meteors." If a piece makes it all the way down to Earth without burning up, it graduates to "meteorite." Most of the meteors in the Perseids are much too small for that; they’re about the size of a grain of sand.
How fast do meteors travel?
When you sit back to watch a meteor shower, you’re actually seeing the pieces of comet debris heat up as they enter the atmosphere and burn up in a bright burst of light, streaking a vivid path across the sky as they travel at 37 miles (59 kilometers) per second.
When does the meteor shower occur?
Every year, Earth passes through the path of Comet Swift-Tuttle from July 17 to Aug. 24, with the shower’s pe ak — when Earth passes through the densest, dustiest area — occurring Aug. 11-13. That means you’ll see the most meteors in the shortest amount of time near that time. Years without moonlight see higher rates of meteors per hour, and in outburst years (such as in 2016) the rate can be between 150-200 meteors an hour.
What is the largest object that passes through the sky?
This beloved, annual sky spectacle is caused by the comet Swift-Tuttle. Comet Swift-Tuttle is the largest object known to repeatedly pass by Earth; its nucleus is about 16 miles (26 kilometers) wide. It last passed nearby Earth during its orbit around the sun in 1992, and the next time will be in 2126.
What is the brightest star in the constellation?
Mirfak (Algenib) – α Persei (Alpha Persei) Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. It is approximately 590 light-years distant. It is located in a star cluster known as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which can be seen in binoculars.
How far away is Algol from Earth?
Beta Persei is located 92.8 light-years from Earth. It can vary in apparent magnitude from 3.5 to 2.3 over a period of 2.867 days.
Why are there two catalog numbers for the nebula?
The nebula was originally assigned two catalog numbers, NGC 650 and NGC 651, because it was believed to consist of two different emission nebulae.
What constellation is Perseus?
The Perseus Constellation. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square …
Why is the nebula so difficult to observe?
It is very difficult to observe visually because its low surface brightness makes it appear dimmer than most other emission nebulae.
How many stars are there in Perseus?
The Stars of Perseus. Although there are many stars within the constellation of Perseus, there are roughly 17 stars that constitute the outline of the constellation. Listed Below are a few of these particular stars beginning with Perseus’ most renowned star Beta Persei.
What caused the shower on the comet?
The shower is caused by Earth’s passage through debris left over from this comet, which last passed closely by Earth in 1992.