indigenous constellation stories

indigenous constellation stories插图

The existingIndigenous star storieswere not just stories of “higher beings” and their often-amorous encounters, but were seen as part of an all-encompassing perspective of life and spirituality. Everything; the plants, animals, water, sky, and air were interwoven together in a complex web of life, understanding, and respect.

What are some Native American stories about the constellations?

Kamaisani: South American Indian legend about a stingy woman who became a lone star. How Fisher Went to the Sky Land: Ojibwe legend about the Big Dipper. They That Chase After The Bear (A Star Story)Chasing the Bear: Fox legend about the origin of the constellations. Waupee and the Star MaidenWhite HawkThe Star Maidens and the Corona Borealis:

What is the indigenous star story?

The existing Indigenous star stories were not just stories of “higher beings” and their often-amorous encounters, but were seen as part of an all-encompassing perspective of life and spirituality. Everything; the plants, animals, water, sky, and air were interwoven together in a complex web of life, understanding, and respect.

What constellations are on display at Canada’s indigenous Star Festival?

On the display are Greek and Roman constellations in muted colors, with the constellations of Canada’s Indigenous cultures painted, bright and beautiful, on top of them: loons, fishers, thunderbirds, the hole in the sky where we come from, and Mista Muskwa, the bear that sits atop the stars we know as the Big Dipper.

What constellations are native to the Earth?

There are many beautiful indigenous constellations that you can spot in the night sky. These constellations include Scorpius, Orion, and Ursa Major and Minor. Even if they all have fascinating Greek history, some civilizations have their own versions of the tales.

What is the name of the gathering of far-flung Indigenous teachers, local youth community leaders, and, tonight,?

But how do you connect the two? That’s where Wilfred comes in. He’s a part of a growing effort to reintroduce Indigenous stories and traditions back to Cree and other Indigenous communities. This weekend is an example of that effort. Tipis and Telescopes, the name of the gathering, is a coming-together of far-flung Indigenous teachers, local youth community leaders, and, tonight, one science reporter from the United States.

How many star stories did Wilfred collect?

It’s direct fallout from the ways in which colonizing Europeans killed Indigenous people and weakened links to their culture. After more than 14 years of collecting star stories from Indigenous elders around Manitoba, Wilfred says he’s managed to gather only two dozen.

What animals are in the constellations?

Animals roll in and out of the circular frame—a turtle, a spider, a thunderbird, and a marauding bear named Mista Muskwa.

Why does Mars look like a circle in the sky?

The tilt of the Earth, the precession of our axis, the northern lights, and the peculiar path Mars takes through the night sky. “Because Earth orbits the sun faster than Mars, at certain times Earth passes Mars, [and] it looks like Mars does a circle in the sky,” Buck says. “Retrograde motion.

What is the difference between Indigenous and Western science?

Lee says this sense of connectedness is a unique part of Indigenous science. In Western science, knowledge is often considered separate from the people who discover it, while Indigenous cultures see knowledge as intricately connected to people.

What does Lee say about youth leaving?

Literally, and figuratively, Lee says, youth are leaving. There is a lack of hope. “That’s part of what the star knowledge brings, ” she says. “This sense of purpose, the sense of hope, this lifeline, that each person is connected. To the bigger whole, the universe, the stars.

What is the story of Mars circling around in the sky like a startled moose?

Just like the telescope that sits in the museum, the story about Mars circling around in the sky like a startled moose is also an instrument of astronomical observation. In 2008, Canada began a major effort to right the wrongs of colonization.

THE SCIENCE OF INDIGENOUS CONSTELLATIONS

Astronomy is the oldest form of science. It helps us understand how to prolong survival and how to navigate the world while we’re here. Astronomy is critical in understanding the weather, water, and climate changes. It’s a pretty big deal.

THE RECLAIMED ART OF INDIGENOUS SKY STORIES

J’net Ayayqwayaksheelth, the Indigenous Outreach and Learning Coordinator for the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM), explains that there’s a vast diversity of Indigenous star stories that span our country.

RESOURCES TO LEARN ABOUT INDIGENOUS SKY STORIES

There are certainly many ways to learn and experience the arts and sciences that comprise Indigenous sky stories. Ayayqwayaksheelth, and the ROM Learning Department, directed us to the knowledgeable and engaging Wilfred Buck. Buck has live virtual events, but his stories are also accessible on YouTube.

What would open up astronomy beyond the accepted norm of Greek and Roman historical knowledge?

Opening up astronomy beyond the accepted norm of Greek and Roman historical knowledge might bring a new generation of potential astronomers into the field, including those with more awareness of Indigenous issues. “How many people did we lose in science because they have some phobia of math?” Neilson asks. “If we could talk about science through stories, perhaps we’re helping students come in different ways to engage and interact with science and astronomy.”

Where did Wilfred Buck grow up?

Wilfred Buck grew up in the Opaskwayak Cree Nation, in northern Manitoba, and Ochek’s story is the first star story he learned, when he was a teenager. “An Elder told me that every star you can see with the naked eye had a story, had a constellation, had a name and a teaching attached to it,” he says. “Due to the historical trauma that happened to our people, anywhere from 75 to 85 percent of that knowledge base was wiped out.”

What is the future of indigenous astronomy?

The future for Indigenous astronomy looks as bright as Sirius —which, as one Inuit story goes, represents a white fox chasing a red fox into a single foxhole, which is what the star’s light flicker reminded Inuit stargazers of. (We now know that flicker is caused by atmospheric disturbances lower in the horizon of the northern hemisphere.) Next year, Ottawa will host the first Indigenous Star Knowledge Symposium. It was organized by Buck along with the Canadian Science and Technology Museum, NASA, the Canadian Space Agency, and Mi’kmaq and Algonquin people. The four-day conference will feature Indigenous knowledge keepers from all over the world, including the Māori people of New Zealand, Aboriginal people of Australia, Kayapó people of Brazil, Zapotec people of Mexico, and a number of Indigenous groups from North America and Africa.

How can indigenous knowledge be used in science?

One of the ways scientific communities can benefit from Indigenous knowledge is by learning to reflect on the ethical implications of their work , Cockcroft says. The Thirty Meter Telescope, which is slated to be built on a sacred mountain in Hawaii, serves as a perfect example. Native Hawaiian protectors have blocked the telescope’s construction several times, most recently in July 2019. It’s an issue with two distinct camps: those who give priority to scientific discoveries argue that the telescope’s construction is necessary because Hawaii is one of the world’s most accessible locations for stargazing, while others say the world has already seen enough of the devastating effects of colonization on people and land and any construction should be carried out with the informed consent of all parties. “Western science would like to hold itself above having to deal with ethical and moral implications, but here is a case where it cannot avoid doing so,” Cockcroft says. Many of the astronomers involved in making decisions regarding the telescope have likely never taken a course in Indigenous history.

What if you don’t fit in the scientific method?

If you don’t fit in the scientific method, you are the other, you are religion, you are culture. ”. Including Indigenous stories in education is important, he says; he doesn’t want students to think that “astronomy started with Aristotle and ended with Neil deGrasse Tyson—heaven forbid.”.

What constellation has a tail?

Few astronomers know of Ochek, though the constellation’s tail is likely familiar: it also represents the handle of the Big Dipper, the tail of Ursa Major , and has been used as a navigation tool for hundreds of years.

Where does Buck travel?

Buck travels to schools across the country, mainly on First Nations reserves in Manitoba, with two inflatable planetariums that look like navy-blue nylon huts. The presentations within are based largely on Ininewuk (Cree) teachings, but they also include material from Anishinaabe, Inuit, Dene, and Lakota cultures.

What does Ragbir Bhathal teach?

University of Western Sydney Astrophysicist, Dr Ragbir Bhathal uses Indigenous astronomy to teach students about engineering physics. He says there are many examples of how Indigenous people use the constellations of the stars in their everyday life. "They used the stars for telling them the seasonal supply of food, …

What did the Tagai tell the indigenous people about the stars?

On the Torres Strait Islands the appearance of the stars the Tagai told them that it was time to start preparing the land for planting.". Indigenous people see the glowing star-filled band of the Milky Way galaxy as a river full of fish.

What is the bad omen in Queensland?

In Queensland the appearance of shooting stars, was usually seen as a bad omen. It was said that someone who was sick in the camp would die , so just like in other cultures comets were seen as bad omens.". Dreamtime stories also look up to the sky.

Why are the stars important to Australia?

The stars hold great significance for Australia’s indigenous people. The sky is a textbook of morals and stories, retold from generations to generations. Through their Dreamtime legends, these stories have been the stages to their existence for thousands of years.

What is the duo of gaseous galaxies known as?

The duo of gaseous galaxies known as the Magellanic clouds are an old man and a woman.

How many indigenous cultures are there in Australia?

Professor Norris says there are some 400 distinct Indigenous cultures in Australia and each of them has special mythology, ceremonies and art forms.

What star did the Southern Cross identify with?

They identified the system of stars with their own zodiac. In Victoria, the Southern Cross is identified with a ring-tail possum, while the long neck tortoise is identified with the star called Pollux. We also find, in Victoria, that the star Taurus showed them where to find the pupa of the wood ant.

How many brothers are in The Quillwork Girl?

The Quillwork Girl and her Seven Brothers:

What is the legend of the Arapaho?

Arapaho Indian legend about a mythical girl and her family who escape to the sky and become stars.

What is the Pueblo author’s book about?

Charming children’s book by a Pueblo author illustrating a traditional legend about the origin of the stars.

What is the story of Kamaisani?

Kamaisani: South American Indian legend about a stingy woman who became a lone star. How Fisher Went to the Sky Land: Ojibwe legend about the Big Dipper. They That Chase After The Bear (A Star Story)Chasing the Bear: Fox legend about the origin of the constellations.

What did the wolves do to the people of the plains?

When the wolves found the starving people, they made themselves look like men and brought them back to their camp where they taught them how to work with the other animals to survive. The wolves disappeared in the spring, but the people saw them every winter in the Wolf Trail, what is called the Milky Way.

Why did Native Americans have their own names?

Native Americans had their own names and legends for the stars to teach lessons and explain the world around them. Read about them here. Many of us know the night sky by the Greek and Roman legends describing the asterisms and constellations in our night sky (like Orion, for example), but the indigenous people of North America also shared their own …

How many boys played the gatayu’sti game?

The Cherokee know this star clusters as “The Boys” through this legend: There were seven boys who constantly played the gatayu’sti game, neglecting everything else. Their mothers scolded them, but it didn’t stop them. One day they played and prayed to the spirits to help them since they felt their parents didn’t treat them well. Soon they found themselves off the ground drifting to the sky. Even when their mothers called for them, they floated into the sky until they became the seven stars of the Pleiades.

How many stars did the Pleiades become?

Soon they found themselves off the ground drifting to the sky. Even when their mothers called for them, they floated into the sky until they became the seven stars of the Pleiades.

What is the legend of the Paiute?

Paiute Legend. The Paiute have this legend: Na-gah was a mountain sheep who loved to climb which made his father very proud. One day he found a peak he thought he could not climb. After much effort, he found a hole in the mountain that led him to the top, but rocks rolled into the hole and trapped him on the high peak.

What is the legend of the stars?

Legends of the Stars. Native American star legends is they are primarily oral traditions, changing according to the audience and the teller. Details are added or left out, depending on the listeners, and often one tale leads to another, blending together like the stars themselves. Time is also irrelevant. While the stories might differ …

Who killed Fisher in Skyland?

Ojibwe Legend. According to an Ojibwe legend, when the great hunter, Fisher, traveled to Skyland to bring summer to his people, he was fatally shot by the Sky People during his escape. When the arrow struck him, he turned over on his back and began to fall.

Why is Maang the Loon placed among the stars?

To commemorate his bravery, his image was placed amongst the stars for all to see. The stars within the region of the Little Bear was known to the Anishinaabek as Maang the Loon (pronounced, MAHng). Both Ojiig and Maang are beautiful constellations that fit the asterisms that they occupy, and are just a few of the constellations that are known to the Indigenous people.

What is the name of the constellation with three stars in a handle?

For example, the pattern known as the Big Dipper (three stars in a handle and four in a bowl, see below) is not an official Greek constellation, but a popular asterism that is part of a larger constellation known as the Great Bear or Ursa Major and is of ancient Greek origin. 1690 painting by Johannes Hevelius of Ursa Major, the Great Bear.

How many constellations are there in the Big Dipper?

There are 88 constellations that have become officially recognized around the world as a common reference.

Why are stars animate?

To the Anishinaabe, stars are animate because they move and have a spirit. Spirituality plays a big part in the universe because of both movement and energy. The Anishinaabek creator got his/her idea of creating the clans from the stars so everything starts with the stars.

What did the British see as the Big Dipper?

For example, the British saw the (Big Dipper) stars in the region of Ursa Major as the “Plough.”. The Germans saw it as a “Wagon,” whereas Hindu people saw it as the “Septarshi,” with each star being one of the Seven Sages.

How to understand the tribes?

To understand these various tribes and their cultural diversity, we would have to experience the context in which they lived, including their geography and their relationship with the land, sky, and stars in each season.

What did the ancients reflect on?

Often, under a canopy of tens of thousands of stars, the ancients reflected deeply upon our eternal stories of gods, good times and bad, personal development, hope, and desire. The elders of these communities would retell origin stories or related cultural teachings and it should come as no surprise that those stories took their place amongst …