The Lockheed Constellation ( Connie ) is apropeller-driven,four-engine airlinerbuilt by Lockheed Corporation between 1943 and 1958 at Burbank,California. Lockheed built 856 in numerous models—all with the same triple-tail design and dolphin-shaped fuselage. Most were powered by four 18-cylinder Wright R-3350 Duplex-Cyclones.First flight:January 9, 1943Manufacturer:LockheedNumber built:856Produced:1943–1958
What is a Lockheed Constellation?
The triple tailed Lockheed Constellation, or “Connie” as it is affectionately referred to by pilots and airline enthusiasts, has been the subject of many excellent models. The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models.
What is the difference between a Connie and a Super Constellation?
The Connie was improved after the war with greater fuel capacity and payload and more powerful engines. Lockheed introduced the further-enlarged 1049 Super Constellation in 1950, part of an epic battle with its Southern California rival, Douglas.
What happened to Connie L-1049?
The assistance given by both organisations and the countless individuals in the US and Australia eased the volunteers’ burden and made the restoration process a rewarding experience. Connie is now the only flying L-1049 Super Constellation in the world. Until recently, the other was the Breitling Super Constellation in Switzerland.
When did the Connie constellation come out?
The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models. The Constellation was designed in the late 1930s, and first flown in January of 1943. WW II prevented the Connie from going into commercial service.
Why was the Constellation so groundbreaking?
The Constellation would have the first hydraulically boosted power controls , would be faster than the majority of WWII fighter jets and would feature a pressurized cabin to allow the plane to fly above most of the weather disturbances.
What was the impact of the L-1049 Super Constellation on the transatlantic market?
As the development of the Constellation moved forwards, the aircraft got larger and generally slower. However, range improvements and massive jumps in the MTOW made the larger variants popular with airlines. Both the L-1049 Super Constellation and the L-1649 Starliner were instrumental in the development of the transatlantic market, used by carriers on both sides of the pond to make connections between the continents.
What was the Lockheed Constellation?
The Lockheed Constellation – The Plane That Changed The World. The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well. Aside of its unique design and attractive curves, the Connie brought us something which has …
What aircraft had a pressurized cabin?
Photo: Wikimedia. There was one other aircraft that brought with it a pressurized cabin, and that was the Boeing 307. However, when it returned to commercial service after the war, its pressurization systems were disabled.
How many people were sucked out of the Connie?
During the first two years of operation, two people were sucked out of the Connie in flight, and there are numerous tales of people becoming glued to the toilet when pressurization failed. But passengers continued to board Connie.
How many planes were built for the constellation?
At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation. Photo: Wikimedia.
When was the Connie plane introduced?
For many years following introduction with TWA in 1949, Connie was the only passenger aircraft that offered the pressurization needed to fly at high altitudes. But bringing such new technology to pass wasn’t always easy, or safe.
What was the secret weapon of TWA?
The Secret Weapon. Having purchased a majority stake in TWA airlines earlier that year, Hughes saw the Constellation as his secret weapon in stealing market share from his competitors. He treated the project with all the subterfuge that secret weapons require.
Why were the Connies used in the Vietnam War?
During the Vietnam War, Connies were flown in elliptical orbit near enemy territory to collect and transmit information on air activity. Constellations were also the first planes to carry rotating radomes, saucer-shaped domes used to protect radar antennas, a technology that is still in use with modern aircraft controlling the skies over the Middle East and with US Customs and Border Protection P-3 s running drug interception missions in the Caribbean today.
What was the Connie designed to do?
As the Connie was designed to change the face of commercial flight —it was as experimental, in some ways, as the early commercial aircraft of the late 1920s—there were issues during its infancy. Lockheed was flexing the limits of piston-engine technology, and the engine’s complex design required maintenance, and sometimes replacement parts, at rates that would be considered unacceptable with the forthcoming introduction of jet airplanes.
How fast was the Connie?
The Connie averaged 331 mph, flying nonstop in six hours, 57 minutes, and 51 seconds on this flight.
What was the Navy’s nickname for the Connies?
By 1948, the Navy was calling in orders for Connies to act as long-range patrol aircraft , nicknamed Po-Boys from the PO-1 designation then in use. In time, Constellations would be used for everything from rescue missions and VIP transports to airborne early warning missions and the mapping of the earth’s magnetic field.
How many passengers can a Lockheed airplane carry?
He hoped to hire Lockheed to design a revolutionary aircraft capable of comfortably shuttling 20 passengers and 6,000 pounds of cargo across the United States, offering commercial aviation’s first coast-to-coast, non-stop service. But the Lockheed team had come to express even grander ambitions.
How fast would the Constellation go?
It would be faster than most World War II fighters at 350 mph.
How many Qantas were built in WW11?
The first aircraft flew in 1943, but WW11 meant all aircraft production was used by the US Army Air Force for transport purposes. There were a number of variants and a total of 856 were built. One variant was the Super Constellation which first flew in 1951. A total of 579 were built of which QANTAS took 16.
What is the L-749 constellation?
An L-749 Constellation was flown from Arizona to Virginia in early 2016 to be fully restored by Dynamic Aviation. This VC-121A-LO was the original Air Force One used by President Dwight D Eisenhower. She was known as Columbine II. For a history of the HARS Connie and a collection of great images, go to here.
How long did it take to restore the Super Constellation?
Relying solely on volunteer labour and aiming at a high standard of restoration and serviceability, the project was to take five years. The restoration work commenced in May 1992 at Pima Air & Space Museum and in September 1994 the Super Constellation took to the air after nearly eighteen years on the ground.
How fast was the Qantas?
TWA did not receive its first passenger Constellation aircraft until 1945. The aircraft was a world beater. It was very fast with a maximum speed of ~600km/h.
What was the major difficulty in the restoration process?
The major difficulty in the restoration process was the need for the volunteers to continually travel to Tucson to carry out the restoration work. This was time consuming and costly even with wonderful support from Qantas. The assistance given by both organisations and the countless individuals in the US and Australia eased the volunteers’ burden and made the restoration process a rewarding experience.
What is the serial number of the Connie?
It was originally built as a C-121C for the United States Air Force, serial number 54-0157, c/n 4176, and was delivered on 6 October 1955 when it was allocated to …
When did the VH-EAG arrive in Sydney?
Another solid year of work was required to prepare the aircraft for the Pacific crossing and in late 1995 final flight training was undertaken. On 3 February 1996 the Super Constellation VH-EAG arrived in Sydney after an incident free crossing of 39.5 hours flying time.
What is a super G?
The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models. The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines. However, soon after the plane’s introduction, it became clear that jet airliners were the future.
What is the 1049G?
The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models.
When was the Lockheed Constellation made?
The elegant Lockheed Constellation was born from requirements put forth in 1939 by Howard Hughes for Transcontinental and Western Air (TWA) Lines. The first version, Model 49, flew in January 1943 with Eddie Allen (on loan from Boeing) at the controls.
When did the TCA aircraft come to the museum?
The Museum eventually acquired the aircraft in 2005. Following extensive restoration to its original appearance in TCA colors in Rome, New York, it was trucked to the Museum’s main campus in Seattle in 2009.
When was the first flight of the G model constellation?
The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines.
What aircraft did Lockheed convert to passenger carrying?
When the war was over, Lockheed began to convert Military C-69s into passenger carrying airliners. This was no small task as the C-69 was a whole different animal from what was to become a commercial Lockheed 049 Constellation.
What scale is Schaarschmidt?
Most of the models were cast aluminum made in two pieces consisting of a solid fuselage and a separate one-piece wing. 1/100 th scale being the most popular. A very unique thing about Schaarschmidt was that, for some reason, they made many models with a solid aluminum fuselage and hollow “sheet metal wings”.
When was the Connie designed?
The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models. The Constellation was designed in the late 1930s, and first flown in January of 1943. WW II prevented the Connie from going into commercial service. During the War, the Military was interested in the airplane …
Did Lockheed build a super constellation?
As a result, the Lockheed factory did not build any big metal Super Constellation models. They did however, build resin models of military Super Connies and special protypes. Most of these were in the 1/72 nd to 1/60 th scale, and they made some desk models that were about 8 or 9 inches long.
Who made the 1649 model?
It is interesting to note that Sterling Riffe, owner of Riffe Models in Kansas City MO, used a 1/60 th scale resin Lockheed factory 1649 model as a foundry pattern to cast the aluminum 1649 models he made for TWA and Air France in the late 50s.
Where is Lockheed built?
The Lockheed factory itself, built early in-house concept and promotional models at its’ facilities in Burbank CA. These models were big (usually around 1/43rd scale or larger), and made of wood. These models could be found around the plant in engineering and executive offices.
When did the Constellation come into service?
It was Pan American World Airways that first put the Constellation into commercial service on January 3, 1946 on a New York to Bermuda run.
How did Qantas help the restoration project?
Qantas helped the restoration project by sending teams to Arizona for its restoration. Over the two-year period:
Where is the Lockheed Super Constellation?
An Airworthy Lockheed Super Constellation Lives In Australia. By 2019, there were only two “Connies” that were still airworthy, one owned by Breitling and based in Switzerland and another with the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) in Australia.
What Boeing is John Travolta’s?
Later this year, the museum plans to welcome John Travolta’s Boeing 707.
Where was the super constellation discarded?
It was originally a military aircraft and discarded for scrap metal at Davis Monthan Air Base in Tucson, Arizona in 1977.
Is Lockheed still airworthy?
While the Lockheed Constellation there doesn’t takeoff very often, it is allegedly still airworthy. Aviation vlogger Paul Stewart recently visited Shellharbour Regional Airport (YSHL), about an hour south of Sydney, and captured the following video:
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How long was the Connie flight from Kansas City to SBD?
The other three crew members were enjoying the view from the cabin. It was a beautiful day for a cross country flight. The sky was clear and the visibility was great for the entire 5 hours and 48 minutes from MKC to SBD. The Connie cruised at 10,000 feet above Wichita and Albuquerque, and over the continental divide. Then it was on to Prescott and Winslow. Shortly thereafter, the descent was made into the always busy Los Angeles basin. The crew reported amazing visibility and excellent sight-seeing for the entire trip. The Connie arrived at SBD a full 10 minutes ahead of the planned arrival time.
What was the transformation of Kansas City?
Once in Kansas City, the transformation from a drab, worn out bug sprayer to a beautiful ‘Queen of the Skies’ began. Kansas City was probably the only place in the world that this transformation could have taken place. It was a classic example of “the right time and the right place”. There was a core of then current and retired TWA employees in Kansas City. All disciplines including pilots, flight engineers, mechanics, hostesses, etc. were represented. Had the members of SAC waited, it most likely would had been too late to find this kind of aircraft in restorable condition, or to salvage the parts needed from other Connies. This talented pool of retirees, who knew these planes well, led the way.
What was the paint used on the Connie?
Production company technicians “painted out” some of the lettering on the Connie. This was in keeping with their research on the way things were circa 1946. They sprayed on a water soluble white paint then coated it with wax to make it shiny. Among other changes, they painted out the “Super G” logo and took the “s” from the end of Trans World Airlines. A huge sunlight diffuser was constructed and hung over the Connie by a large crane during filming.
What movie did Connie appear in?
The Connie most recently appeared in “The Aviator”, which was the 2004 Martin Scorsese movie depicting the early years of legendary director and aviator Howard Hughes’ career, from the late 1920s to the mid-1940s starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Beckinsale, and Cate Blanchett. HISTORY. Current registration – N6937C.
How much was Paul Pristo’s 1985 auction?
Sale to Paul Pristo at the Globe Air Auction at Mesa, AZ October 1985 for $4,000
How many engines are in the AHM?
All four engines have been regularly run and AHM is adopting a new maintenance program to allow aircraft to once again be airworthy.
When was the N6937C restored?
N6937C. By the spring of 1986, Save A Connie, Inc. (SAC) was ready to move forward with the project to restore N6937C (37 Charlie) to a flyable condition. After nine weeks and nearly 4,000 man-hours, SAC volunteers made this plane flyable again. On July 15, 1986 , Star of America left Falcon Field, headed for Kansas City’s Downtown Airport (MKC).
What is the most graceful airliner ever built?
Arguably the most graceful and beautiful airliner ever built, the Lockheed Constellation celebrated its 60th birthday in 2003. Conceived by Howard Hughes in the late 1930’s, the Constellation represented the ultimate in airline performance and luxury during the 1950’s with 856 being built for commercial and military customers. Quickly displaced from frontline service by jet airliners in the 1960’s, there are about fifty-five “survivors” of the mass scrappings of the 1960’s and 70’s, with only C-121C VH-EAG currently airworthy. If you enjoy this website, check out my companion Propliner Information Exchange website www.proplinerinfoexchange.com featuring news, photos and articles about these iconic aircraft.
How many survivors of the 1960s?
Quickly displaced from frontline service by jet airliners in the 1960’s, there are about fifty-five “survivors” of the mass scrappings of the 1960’s and 70’s, with only C-121C VH-EAG currently airworthy.
When will Propliner Annual 2021 be released?
The 2021 edition of the Propliner Annual was mailed to subscribers on April 20, 2021.
When did the L1049H crash?
The Crash of L1049H N45516 on 11 May 1975 near Mesa, Arizona – by Cam and Chris Baird
How long was the HARS flight?
The aircraft stopped at Oakland, Honolulu, Pago Pago, and Nadi on the way, totaling a flight time of 39.5 hours.
When was the L-1049 Super Constellation introduced?
The Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation was a considerably influential aircraft following its introduction in December 1951. The plane had a range of 4,480 NM (5,150 mi), and it was at least twice as fuel-efficient as the preliminary jets that were around during the time. With 70 years passing since the type’s first flight, are there any units still flying?
When was the last time the L-1049 was used?
The L-1049 Super Constellation last flew commercially in the United States in February 1968, with Eastern putting the plane to rest in the country. It wouldn’t be until 1993 for the final commercial L-1049 to be conducted. This was when the FAA banned all airlines from the Dominican Republic. Those operating in this nation were the last to commercially fly the family.
Who made the XC-69 Constellation?
Lockheed eventually reacquired the XC-69 Constellation prototype model from the Hughes Tool Company. The company stretched it by 18 ft (5.5 m) to create the basis for the L-1049 Super Constellation. TWA was once again another primary user of this type. Eastern, Air France, KLM, TCA, Qantas, PIA, and Avianca were some additional key operators.
Who inspired the constellation?
The legendary Howard Hughes had inspired the Constellation series. The aviator was keen to increase his presence in the industry and met with important Lockheed Corporation personnel, including Chief engineer Hall Hibbard, chief research engineer Kelly Johnson, and president Robert Gross. The trio listened to Hughes’ desires, and the Constellation program was born.
Who is the deputy editor of Simple Flying?
Deputy Editor – Sumit comes to Simple Flying with more than eight years’ experience as a professional journalist. Having written for The Independent, Evening Standard, and others, his role here allows him to explore his enthusiasm for aviation and travel. Having built strong relationships with Qatar Airways, United Airlines, Aeroflot, and more, Sumit excels in both aviation history and market analysis. Based in London, UK.
Was the TWA a success?
The project was a success. The USAAF and TWA were two operators that debuted family in the 1940s, ensuring it covered good ground across commercial and military services.