manaiakalani constellation

manaiakalani constellation插图

Constellation Scorpius
Theconstellation Scorpius,known in Polynesia as Māui’s fishhook. The great fish-hook of Māui is called Manaiakalani,and it is baited with the wing of Hina’s pet bird,the ?alae. Māui is said to have created Hawaii’s islands by tricking his brothers. He convinced them to take him out fishing,but caught his hook on the ocean floor.

What is the meaning of Manaiakalani?

Manaiakalani Manaiakalani, the third star line, follows Iwikuamo’o into the sky. The name of this star line is translated The Chief’s Fishline in Johnson and Mahelona and Come-From-Heaven in Beckwith and Makemson.)

What is the haole name for the Stars in huinakolu?

The haole name for this star is Deneb (Alpha Cygni). Rapa-nui (a Polynesian name for Easter Island; a new name): This bright blue star is the first in Huinakolu to appear.

What does the constellation nunai’a mean?

Nai’a (Dolphin or Porpoise): This constellation rises behind Aotearoa (Altair). The name is a translation of Delphinus, or Dolphin, as the constellation is known in the West.

What Constellation is the kite in?

This star line includes the Kite and the constellation ‘Iwa Keli’i (Cassiopeia), as well as the constellations Aries (Ram), Cetus (Whale), and the bright stars Fomalhaut and Achernar in the south. Kawelo was a great chief of Kaua‘i and O‘ahu.

What is the human tendency to look at random groupings of things and make pictures out of them?

Pareidolia is the human tendency to look at random groupings of things and make pictures out of them. If you have ever looked up at the clouds and seen teddy bears, winged horses, dragons, castles, or other images formed by them, you have practiced pareidolia. Pareidolia is why we see constellations and asterisms in the stars. Of course, what we see in the stars is a reflection of what we see around us in daily life, or those things that fill our own mythologies. And, not all viewers will give each star the same level of importance in choosing which will outline the constellation or asterism they see. Thus, in a grouping of, say, seven stars, some people might use the six that are closest to each other, and leave out the seventh. Others might choose only the brightest. Others might select four that make the corners of a square. And yet others might not close the square, and see a bowl instead.

What is the significance of the November 17 rising of the Pleiades?

For the traditional farmer, on Hawai‘i Island, the November 17 rising of the Pleiades marks the approximate start of the rainy season. Makali‘i was a great navigator and steersman and also an agronomist (expert farmer). Indeed, we find that around the world the Pleides is associated with farming. In Hawai‘i, the evening rising of those stars is associated with the return of the all-important rainy season.

What does such an abundance of names tell us?

What does such an abundance of names tell us? First, it tells us that the star, planet, or group of stars is very important to a lot of people. The Pleiades is important to the traveler as a navigational feature. The variety of names indicates, I believe, the altitude and angle of the cluster, which is critical information to a navigator.

What is Makali’i’s name?

One translation for Makali‘i is “Eyes of the Chief, ” and that was the name of the head navigator of Hawai‘iloa, a great voyaging chief. If we look at the cluster when it is first rising above the horizon, it could look a bit like a woman standing upright. Or perhaps it is a group of women, Nā Wahine a Makali‘i.

What is the feature of Hawaiian astronomy?

One feature of Hawaiian astronomy, which often drives my students to distraction, is the many different names for one astronomical body or constellation. Seemingly confusing, this feature actually adds a great deal of precision to the field.

What bird circles its nest?

One story applied to ‘Iwahine (roughly the Little Dipper) and ‘Iwakeli‘i (roughly Casseopeia) says that ‘Iwahine, the female bird, constantly circles her nest, Pūnana (Polaris). In the summertime, ‘Iwakeli‘i chases Mālolo (Schedar), diving below the horizon. In the stormy winter, he returns, flying high over Hawai‘i nei, just like any reasonable frigate bird.

What is the IWA bird?

The ‘iwa, Great Frigate Bird, Fregeta minor, is a pleagic avian , flying far from land over the sea. By knowing the range and habits of this bird, the Polynesian seafarer used it as one of many navigational aids. Unable to land on the water, one of ‘iwa’s habits is to seek shelter in the lee of high islands when there are storms at sea. When they gather over land, it is a good indicator of an incoming storm. Adding that observation to others, ancient people knew if it was time to pull in the canoes and secure them or secure their household against the heavy winds and rain. In good weather, ‘iwa may range some 80 km (50 mi) out to sea. A favorite food is the flying fish (mālolo). Watching the ‘iwa can show a fisherman where various fish are feeding.