Novag Forte, (Constellation Forte, Super Forte) a series of dedicated chess computers by Novag with 6502 programs by David Kittinger. Along with Novag Expert, the Forte was successor of the Super Constellation, released as Constellation Forte A in 1986, Super Forte in 1987, Super Forte B in 1989 and Super Forte C in 1990.
How much does a Novag chess computer cost?
This became an equipment standard for all NOVAG chess computers to this day. Further Highlights were the availability of connecting a printer as well as a chess clock to the computer. The price of the computer was approximately 800 DM and was also available in an elegant wooden board named the Constellation Expert .
What was the price of the first chess computer?
Further Highlights were the availability of connecting a printer as well as a chess clock to the computer. The price of the computer was approximately 800 DM and was also available in an elegant wooden board named the Constellation Expert .
What is the playing strength of the Novag Forte?
The author estimates a playing strength of approx. 1700 Elo ( SSDF old: 1750, SSDF new: 1650). NOVAG introduced the Forte in 1985 as a replacement for the Super Constellation. This was followed a year later with the improved Version B. The machines were the first to have a display available for move information.
How do you open a chess computer?
A Chinese Puzzle of a chess computer with no obvious way of opening it. Undoing the screws at the back gets you nowhere. The answer is to use controlled force on one of the side panels. These are held on by shallow plastic ‘lugs’ that sit in grooves and they have to be eased out of the grooves, with no easy way of prising them out.
What was the B version of Kittinger’s in 1989?
The B-Version of 1989 was tactically a Monster compared to the Novag Constellation Forte A, but positionally showed several weaknesses. In 1990 a new master creation of Kittinger’s was launched, especially the 6 Mhz version which also played in the 1990 Tournaments.
What processor did Novag Scorpio use?
In 1990 with the introduction of the Novag Scorpio (renamed because of Tradename issues to Diablo) he converted to the Motorola 68000 Processor. All the high expectations for his new creation were unfortunately not fullfilled. He did however finally leap past the SSDF 2000 Elo (new SSDF 1900) barrier.
When was the Forte introduced?
NOVAG introduced the Forte in 1985 as a replacement for the Super Constellation. This was followed a year later with the improved Version B. The machines were the first to have a display available for move information. The playing strength of these machines was only slightly better than the Super Constellation and this was probably mainly due to the tact frequency of 5 Mhz. At that time Kittinger worked more and more on building positional criterias into his program, which did not neccessarily favor the people who were accustomed to the previous spectacular playing style of the Super Constellation.
When was the Super Constellation released?
together with their american programmer David Kittinger was proclaimed as a favorite for many dedicated chess computer fans after their release of the Super Constellation in the year 1984. At the time of it’s release the Super Constellation was extremely strong and received a huge following because of it’s unconventional, intuitive, …
What makes Kittinger’s C program so special?
What made Kittinger’s C-program so special? Well, the american Programmer introduced some ground breaking program technical improvements with his so-called Selective Search functions. This allowed depending on the setup, for the machine to search deeper into the more likely and effective move positions. The program could be setup for 8 different Selective Search levels. From experience Sel 5 has established itself as the the strongest Selective Search setting, although this also has resulted in different debates and opinions from Experts.
Is Super Expert C strong?
The Super Expert C was both tactically and positionally equally strong and the spectacular PSH-moves appeared again in its play. That lovable Super Conny feeling of previous times was re-created (but at a higher playing standard) On the content side, the Display was positively improved when compared to the Forte-Generation and other previous NOVAG models. The new Display showed the used time for both sides and was much clearer to read. In addition to this, for the first time a PC-Serial connection was made available with the NOVAG Distributor-Box. The Opening Library also increased to 32.000 half moves .
Can Super Conny compete in computer competitions?
Although the ? Super Conny “, as it was lovingly named by its supporters, could not compete in Computer Competitions against its 16-Bit competitors from Mephisto, it did however often receive great acclaim for its spectacular wins (even against humans).
Super Constellation (Nickname Super Connie),
a dedicated chess computer with a 8-bit 6502 4Mhz CPU, 56 KB ROM and 4 KB RAM, manufactured and market in 1984 by Novag, running a program developed by primary author David Kittinger, supported by chess master Scott McDonald.
David Kittinger and Scott McDonald in their report on Constellation and Super Constellation playing the 1983 U.S. Open :
Super Connie participated at the WMCCC 1983 in Budapest, and achieved the strong shared second to fourth place.
Novag Expert, (Constellation Expert, Super Expert)
a series of dedicated chess computers by Novag with 6502 programs by David Kittinger. Along with Novag Forte, the Expert was successor of the Super Constellation, released as Constellation Expert in 1985, Super Expert in 1987, Super Expert B in 1989 and Super Expert C in 1990.
Very Selective Search
According to Thorsten Czub, the Constellation Expert used extended pre scan heuristics (PSH) . A sophisticated selective search, dubbed Very Selective Search (VSS), was introduced with the Super Expert and Forte B .
The next step forward came when Novag’s Dave Kittinger, Don and I jointly worked out how to do an effective selective search program. Dave put these ideas into the Super Expert B and Super Forte B, while Don and I put them into Rex.