pegasus constellation greek mythology

pegasus constellation greek mythology插图

Winged horse

What is the constellation of Pegasus?

The constellation of Pegasus is the 7 th largest constellation in the sky. It is named after the winged horse Pegasus, from Greek mythology, and it is one of the oldest Greek constellations. The constellation of Pegasus was among the first 48 Greek constellations, first listed by the famous astronomer Ptolemy, in his 2 nd century Almagest.

Who is Pegasus in Greek mythology?

In Greek mythology, Pegasus is a white winged horse that sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medusa when Perseus beheaded her. Medusa was a beautiful young woman before she was turned into a monster by the goddess Athena after being caught being defiled by the sea god Poseidon in the goddess’ temple.

What is the story of Pegasus the horse?

See Article History. Pegasus, in Greek mythology, a winged horse that sprang from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa as she was beheaded by the hero Perseus.

What is the origin of Pegasus and Chrysaor?

When Perseus defeated Medusa, Pegasus and the warrior Chrysaor sprang from her neck, both of them offspring of Poseidon. The name Pegasus is derived from the Greek pegai which means “springs” or “waters,” and Chrysaor’s name means “the golden sword.”

How far is Zeta Pegasi from the Sun?

Zeta Pegasi is a main sequence star of the spectral type B8 V. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.414 and is about 204 light years distant from the Sun. It has four times the solar radius.

How many stars are there in Pegasus?

Pegasus contains a Messier object – Messier 15 (NGC 7078, Cumulo de Pegaso) – and has nine stars with confirmed planets. The brightest star in the constellation is Enif, Epsilon Pegasi, with an apparent magnitude of 2.399. There is one meteor shower associated with Pegasus; the July Pegasids.

What is the name of the horse that sprang from the neck of Medusa?

MYTH. In Greek mythology, Pegasus is a white winged horse that sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medusa when Perseus beheaded her. Medusa was a beautiful young woman before she was turned into a monster by the goddess Athena after being caught being defiled by the sea god Poseidon in the goddess’ temple.

What is the 7th largest constellation in the sky?

FACTS, LOCATION & MAP. Pegasus is the seventh largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 1121 square degrees. It is located in the fourth quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ4) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -60°. The neighboring constellations are Andromeda, Aquarius, Cygnus, Delphinus, Equuleus, Lacerta, …

What is the square of Pegasus?

The Great Square of Pegasus represents the main body of Pegasus. It is a prominent asterism made up of three bright stars in Pegasus and Alpha Andromedae, which in ancient times was considered to belong to both Pegasus and Andromeda constellations and marked both the navel of the horse and the top of Andromeda’s head.

Why is the galaxy called the little sombrero?

The galaxy is sometimes called the little sombrero because of its resemblance to the Sombrero Galaxy ( Messier 104) in Virgo constellation.

Which star is older than the Sun?

51 Pegasi was the first star ever discovered that was similar to the Sun and had a planet in its orbit. The star has a radius 24% larger than the Sun and is 11% more massive. It is also older than the Sun, with an estimated age between 6.1 and 8.1 billion years.

What is the name of the horse that sprang from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa?

Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree…. Pegasus, in Greek mythology, a winged horse that sprang from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa as she was beheaded by the hero Perseus.

Who was the servant of Zeus?

Subsequently Bellerophon attempted to fly with Pegasus to heaven but was unseated and killed or, by some accounts, lamed. The winged horse became a constellation and the servant of Zeus. The spring Hippocrene on Mount Helicon was believed to have been created when the hoof of Pegasus struck a rock. Bellerophon with his horse Pegasus, stone …

Where was Bellerophon mounted?

Bellerophon, mounted on Pegasus, fighting the Chimera; detail of a Greek pebble mosaic from Olynthus, Greece, c. 400 bc.

Who beheaded Pegasus in 2021?

Pegasus, in Greek mythology, a winged horse that sprang from the blood of the Gorgon Medusa as she was beheaded by the hero Perseus.

What is the story behind the Pegasus constellation?

The constellation of Pegasus is associated with the myth of the white-winged horse that sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medusa, when the hero Perseus beheaded her, in Greek mythology.

How many meteor showers are there in Pegasus?

There is only one meteor shower associated with the constellation of Pegasus, the July Pegasids. The brightest star in Pegasus is Enif / Epsilon Pegasi, which has an apparent magnitude of 2.399. Currently, around 12 stars in Pegasus have been confirmed to host planets.

What time is Pegasus best viewed?

Best Viewed: at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during October. The constellation of Pegasus is bordered by the constellations of Andromeda, Aquarius, Cygnus, Delphinus, Equuleus, Lacerta, Pisces, and Vulpecula. Pegasus is part of the Perseus family of constellations, along with Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Perseus, and Triangulum.

What is the constellation of Pegasus?

The constellation of Pegasus is among the oldest and largest Greek constellations, first listed in Ptolemy’s Almagest, which had a total of 48 recorded constellations. The constellation of Pegasus is named and associated after the legendary winged horse, also named Pegasus, from Greek mythology. According to legend, the horse had magical powers, …

What is the name of the brightest star in the constellation of Andromeda?

There is one famous asterism in Pegasus, the Great Square of Pegasus, which is formed out of the three brightest stars in the constellation, namely Markab, Scheat, Algenib, and the star Alpheratz, which is the brightest star in the constellation of Andromeda. The Great Square of Pegasus asterism is used by astronomers as a guide …

How many light years away is Homam?

Homam, designated as Zeta Pegasi, is a bright star located at around 204 light-years away from our Solar System. It has an apparent magnitude of +3.414, and it is a slowly pulsating B star that varies in brightness within a period of 22 hours.

How old is Messier 15?

It is among the oldest globular clusters, with an estimated age of around 12.0 billion years. Messier 15 is around 175 light-years in diameter, and it is a bright cluster, having a total luminosity of 360,000 times that of the Sun, and as such, it is among the densely packed globular clusters in our Milky Way Galaxy.

What is the Great Square of Pegasus?

The Great Square of Pegasus is a well-known asterism or star pattern. It is made up of 4 stars, Markab (Alpha Pegasi), Scheat (Beta Pegasi), Algenib (Gamma Pegasi) and Alpheratz.

What is the 7th largest constellation in the sky?

The Pegasus constellation is the 7th largest in the sky. It is also known as the Winged Horse. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times and is associated with a mystical horse who teamed up with a mortal Bellerophon, to accomplish many missions.

How far away is IK Pegasi?

IK Pegasi is a double star about 150 light-years away. It has a faint apparent visual magnitude of 6.078 and you need a telescope to view it. The two stars orbit one another in a period of 21.7 days.

What is a pegasus?

Pegasus is a beautiful mystical white horse with wings. He flies through the skies, wild and free, visiting places of dreams and hopes.

Which star is the brightest in Pegasus?

If you exclude Alpheratz, Epsilon Pegasi is the brightest star in Pegasus. It has an apparent visual magnitude of 2.3 and lies about 690 light-years away from the Sun. Enif is an orange sequence supergiant, that has a radius of 185 times that of the sun.

How many exoplanets are there in HD 219828?

HD 219828 is a yellow subgiant star with 2 known exoplanets. They lie 295 light-years away. HD 219828 b is a Neptune-like exoplanet that takes 3.8 days to complete one orbit of its star.

What is the second brightest star in the constellation of Pegasus?

Scheat, also known as Beta Pegasi, is the second brightest star in the constellation of Pegasus. It is also the second brightest star in the Great Square asterism, with an apparent magnitude of 2.42.

What is the largest constellation in the sky?

The Pegasus constellation is one of the largest constellations in the sky, with a lot of myths attached to it. So continue reading to get to know about all the facts and myths of this constellation.

Why is the Pegasus constellation named after a horse?

Because they indeed do, in the night sky just waiting for us to notice it. Like many constellations with connection to Greek mythology, the Pegasus constellation is named after a white-winged horse that has great importance in greek mythology. The constellation is part of the forty-eight constellations listed.

What constellation is Pegasus in?

Adding to this, Pegasus also belongs to a family of constellations called Perseus, which also includes others like Andromeda, Cepheus, Cetus, Auriga, Perseus, Cassiopeia, Triangulum and, Lacerta. By Till Credner – Own work: AlltheSky.com.

Which constellations border Pegasus?

Many constellations borders pegasus: like Andromeda border pegasus to the north as well as east, Lacerta to the north, Equuleus, Delphinus coupled with Vulpecula to the west, Cygnus to the northwest, Aquarius, one of the 12 zodiac signs, to the south and Pisces, another zodiac sign, to the south and east. Adding to this, Pegasus also belongs …

What is the Great Square of Pegasus?

The Great Square of Pegasus Constellation. This part of the constellation represents the main body of the Pegasus. It is a major asterism, which is a group of stars smaller than a constellation, made up of four bright stars, all of almost the same brightness. Three of these stars, namely Markab, Scheat, and Algenib, are in Pegasus, …

How far away is Beta Pegasi?

It is 196 light-years away from us and is 1500 times brighter than the sun.

When do you see the Pegasus constellation?

If you live below the equator, look for the Pegasus constellation through late winters and spring.

Why was Medusa raped?

As punishment for defiling a sacred space, the virgin goddess transformed the girl into a terrible monster.

How long did Iobates not read the letter?

Iobates, however, did not read the letter for nine days. Having welcomed Bellerophon into his home all that time, he too would be in violation of Zeus’s sacred laws of hospitality if he attacked his guest.

Why is Pegasus so famous?

One of the reasons Pegasus remains such a well-known figure in Greek mythology is because he was a favorite subject of the period’s artists.

Why was Pegasus taken to the stables of Olympus?

When he arrived, Zeus welcomed the immortal beast. Pegasus was taken to the stables of Olympus to live a comfortable life among the gods.

What is the winged horse?

The winged horse appears often in Greek mythology as the companion of great heroes and an assistant to the king of the gods himself. A favorite subject of artists, his image has lived on through the ages as one of grace and beauty.

What is Pegasus’ connection to the Earth?

As a land animal with wings, Pegasus had an obvious connection to both the earth and the sky. More surprising, however, is his connection to water. Medusa’s father was Oceanus and her mother, Phorcys, was a primordial sea goddess.

When was Pegasus published?

Published on May 23, 2020. Virtually everyone is familiar with the image of the winged horse. Pegasus, as this creature was known to the Greeks, has been seen in art and appeared in legends for thousands of years. Pegasus is so familiar in modern works that it can be easy to forget just how ancient his roots are.

What is a Pegasus?

Pegasus is a winged stallion, famous for the inspiration he gives to artists and the power he gives to heroes. He has enjoyed huge popularity since he first appeared in Greek mythology, and he continues to challenge our imaginations today.

What is Pegasus’s bridle?

Pegasus is a pure white stallion with a pair of feathered wings sprouting from his back. Although he was never saddled, he sometimes wore an enchanted golden bridle, made by Athena. At the end of his life, Zeus transformed Pegasus into a constellation: a boxy body with an arched neck and two front legs.

Why did Athena give Pegasus to Perseus?

Later, Athena gave Pegasus to Perseus, to help him save Andromeda from a dragon. At last, Zeus was attracted to the valor Pegasus had shown. He had the mighty horse brought to his own stables, where he gave him the special job of carrying his lightning bolts.

Where did the twins go in the movie?

The twins, Pegasus and Chrysaor, sprang from their mother’s mutilated body and flew into the wilderness. Eventually, Pegasus and Chrysaor became separated, and Pegasus made his way to Mt. Helicon, where the Muses lived, hidden beneath the mountain.

Where did the legend of Pegasus come from?

Greece. The legend of Pegasus springs from ancient Greek tales. He appears in the 2nd century AD, and throughout Greek times, he was mentioned by countless scholars, including Ovid, Hesiod, Pindar, and Plato. The white stallion was also hugely popular with Greek potters, who carved and painted him onto ornamental vases.

What is Pegasus’s appearance?

Modern Appearances. Pegasus has held onto his place in folklore. He appears in fantasy works like Disney’s Fantasia and the bestselling Percy Jackson series. He is also a popular logo in the transportation industry.

What were Pegasus’ special abilities?

Special Abilities. Besides his ability to fly, which literally set him above all other horses, Pegasus had an arsenal of supernatural powers. He had free passage from the mortal realm to the immortal realm. Wherever his hoof struck the Earth, he created beautiful springs with water that could inspire artists.

Who was Pegasus?

In Greek mythology, Pegasus was an immortal winged horse, one of the two children of Poseidon and Medusa. Along with his brother, the golden-sworded Chrysaor, Pegasus sprang forth most miraculously from his pregnant mother’s neck after Perseus had beheaded her.

What was Bellerophon capable of?

Riding on Pegasus, Bellerophon was capable of overcoming the Amazons, the fire-breathing Chimaera, and the warlike Solymi. In addition, Pegasus was the means through which Bellerophon exacted his revenge on Jobates ’ wife, Stheneboea, who testified falsely against Bellerophon after he had rejected her advances.

What did Bellerophon use to capture Pegasus?

According to Pindar, one of the most celebrated Ancient Greek poets, the goddess gifted him with a charmed golden bridle, which Bellerophon used to capture Pegasus when the stallion was drinking water at the Pierian spring, another water source associated with Pegasus and the Muses.

Did Pegasus reach Olympus?

Pegasus in Heavens. After some time, the riderless Pegasus did reach Olympus. Zeus stabled him with his other steeds and soon after tasked him with drawing his thunderbolt-carrying chariot. After years of service, Zeus awarded Pegasus with a constellation, which bears his name to this very day.

Where did Pegasus’ name come from?

Hesiod says that Pegasus ’ name originates in the Greek word for springs, pegae, since he was supposedly born near the springs of Ocean. But he was also associated with waters due to an extraordinary trait of his he had inherited from his father.

Who is Pegasus in Greek mythology?

Pegasus. Pegasus. Myths / Creatures / Pegasus. In Greek mythology, Pegasus was an immortal winged horse, one of the two children of Poseidon and Medusa. Along with his brother, the golden-sworded Chrysaor, Pegasus sprang forth most miraculously from his pregnant mother’s neck after Perseus had beheaded her.

Did Bellerophon know that he would meet a similar fate?

Little did Bellerophon knew at the time that he would meet a similar fate. After his numerous victories against all kinds of opponents, Bellerophon started believing that the mortals aren’t worthy of his presence and that he deserves to live among the gods on Mount Olympus. So, he mounted his faithful horse and started his faithful journey upward. Zeus, angered by Bellerophon’s hubris, soon sent a gadfly which stung Pegasus bad enough that the winged horse threw his rider down to earth and to his death.

Why is the Perseid meteor shower associated with the Perseus constellation?

The Perseid meteor shower is associated with the Perseus constellation because its apparent point of origin, also called the radiant, is located in the constellation. Two Perseid meteors and their radiant (crossing of dotted line). Two star constellations are indicated. Photo: Brocken Inaglory.

What is the name of the star that has 7.3 solar masses?

Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun and 5000 times more luminous. The star’s traditional names, Mirfak and Algenib, mean “elbow” and “flank” or “side” respectively in Arabic. Gamma Pegasi in the nearby constellation Pegasus is now formally known as Algenib.

What is the brightest star in the constellation Perseus?

Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It has a visual magnitude of 1.806 and is approximately 510 light years distant. It is the brightest star in Perseus constellation and one of the brightest stars in the sky.

What is the name of the constellation that is home to the star Algol?

Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The constellation is best known for its annual Perseid meteor shower. It is also home to the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei.

Why did Perseus use Medusa’s head?

Atlas refused him hospitality and Perseus used Medusa’s head to turn him into stone, or into the mountain range that bears his name. Later, Perseus came across the princess Andromeda, who was chained to a rock and left to the sea monster Cetus by her parents, King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, to appease the monster.

How many meteor showers are there in Perseus?

There are two meteor showers associated with the constellation; the Perseids and the September Perseids. Perseus contains eight named stars. The proper names of stars that have been officially approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Algol, Atik, Berehinya, Menkib, Miram, Mirfak, Misam, and Muspelheim.

How old is Persei?

It is seven times more massive than the Sun and believed to be about 6.8 million years old.