1956 lockheed constellation

1956 lockheed constellation插图

When did the L-1049 Super Constellation fly?

The Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation was a member of the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line, and was Lockheed’s response to the successful Douglas DC-6 airliner, first flying in 1950. The L-1049H variant flew on November 20, 1956.

What happened to the Lockheed L-1649 Starliner?

Another Lockheed L-1649 A Starliner operated by Air France, flight no. AF406 was supposed to be a regularly scheduled passenger flight from Brazzaville to Paris before it broke up in flight and crashed. I.T. was in May 1961, the Starliner named ‘De Grass’ suffered an empennage break and crashed in the Sahara Desert.

Who made the Lockheed Martin L-1649?

The Lockheed Corporation, the major American aerospace manufacturer, established in 1926, manufactured this magnificent aircraft. L-1649 has a different flap handle and flap position indicator.

October 4, 1992

Five minutes into El Al Flight 1862, the Boeing 747 lost the number three engine due to microscopic cracks in fuse pins attaching the engine to the wing. The separated engine then collided into the number four engine, causing the aircraft to lose control before ultimately crashing into an apartment building in Amsterdam.

October 5, 1951

Built as an upgrade to the Model 240 family, Convair celebrated the first flight of the Model 340, a propeller aircraft featuring a longer fuselage and wingspan.

October 6, 1981

After inadvertently flying into a tornado vortex, NLM CityHopper Flight 431 broke up shortly after takeoff. All 17 people aboard the aircraft were killed.

October 7, 2008

As many as 115 passengers were injured when Qantas Flight 72 began inexplicably pitching downward while on autopilot. In the span of five minutes, the Airbus A330 began pitching downward more and more severely, the final time rapidly descending 400 feet and causing rapid injury to passengers.

October 8, 1922

Lillian Gatlin, founder of the National Association of Aviation Gold Star Mothers, becomes the first woman to fly across the U.S. while riding aboard Air Mail aircraft. Departing from San Francisco on October 5, Gatlin landed in Long Island three days later.

October 9, 1906

Hailed as the first successful Zeppelin to take to the skies, German LZ 3 celebrated its first flight over the skies of Germany. LZ 3 improved upon the failures of the first two aircraft in that it featured two sets of elevators adapted from a biplane, as well as new horizontal stabilizers.

October 10, 1956

It was the beginning of the end for the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line, as the Lockheed L-1649 Starliner took to the skies for the first time. Powered by four propeller engines, the L-1649 was capable of flying nonstop to Europe from California.

What was the first super constellation?

The first prototype Super Constellation was a "stretched" version of the original Model 049 (C-69) , modified by lengthening the fuselage from 95’ 2" to 113’ 7", adding more fuel capacity, more powerful engines, higher gross weight, and increasing its tourist-class seating from 69 to 92. These L-1049 aircraft were powered by four 2700 hp Wright engines. The prototype aircraft was first flown on October 13, 1950. The production version of the Model L-1049, of which fourteen were built for Eastern Airlines, and ten for TWA, ended up with a strengthened fuselage, stiffened outer wing panels and rectangular windows instead of the Constellation’s round ones. This production version was first flown on July 14, 1951, and the type entered service on December 7, 1951, with Eastern Airlines (EAL). The last Model 1049 produced was delivered in September 1952. Passenger accommodations on the 1049 varied – 88 for Eastern; 65 over water or 75 domestic for TWA, with adaptation to 102 in high density configuration. The flight crew consisted of three, with two cabin attendants.

What did the Super Connies do?

While with the 1608th ATW, the "Super Connies" flew throughout the Caribbean, made crossings of the North and South Atlantic to Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East and as far east as India. They participated in the Hungarian airlift during 1956-57, carrying refugees from Eastern Europe to the U.S. and flew troops to Lebanon during the crisis there in 1958. In general, this "Connie" and others of the unit flew a variety of transport missions including cargo, passenger, medical evacuation, and humanitarian support.

What was the weight of the Lockheed 1049C?

The engine produced 3,250 h.p. for take-off for which the aircraft weight had been increased to 133,000 lb. The Model 1049C, Turbo-Cyclone-powered Super Constellation began flight trials on February 17, 1953. A convertible model, the 1049D was built for Seaboard and Western Airlines in 1954. They were fitted with reinforced flooring and they had main deck cargo loading doors on the part side of the fuselage, fore and aft of the wings. They could carry either 18 tons of freight or up to 104 passengers. Maximum take—off weight was 135,400 lb. A Model 1049E was delivered between May 1954 and April 1955 which was identical to the 1049C but with the increased take-off and landing weight of the 1049D. Next on the model list was the Model 1049F, which was Lockheed’s designation for 33 C-121C cargo/personnel transports built for the USAF and fitted with stronger landing gear. The F was followed by a "G" model which was determined to be the most successful version of the Super Constellation. It was powered by 3,400 h.p. engines, it had longer range than the E, and the maximum take-off weight was increased to 137,500 lb. with some models modified to 140,000 lb. Often known as Super Gs, 42 of these aircraft were delivered to domestic carriers (20 to TWA, 10 to EAL, and 4 to NW), and 50 to foreign carriers. The final version to the Super Constellation was the Model 1049H, a combination of Model 1049D, and the convertible and improved Model 1049G.

What is a 1049H?

When the age of piston-powered passenger transport aircraft was coming to a close, Lockheed offered to carriers a convertible Model 1049H, suggesting that when they were no longer competitive in the passenger market they could convert to carrying cargo. This second hand market did materialize briefly with the H model but the market for 1049s soon dried up as they were becoming too expensive to operate and maintain. The engines were giving problems not only in the Lockheed Super Connies, but also in the Douglas DC-7s, and the aircraft were becoming known as the "world’s best trimotors." A total of 579 Super Constellations were built but by the end of 1980 only four Super Constellations remained in airline service..

When did TWA start using the 1049?

TWA, a co-sponsor with EAL on the design of the Super Constellation, first used the Model 1049 on its domestic network in September 1952, and when it received the higher performance "C" version, it began scheduled non-stop transcontinental service on October 19, 1953, a first for the industry. On its trans-Atlantic routes, TWA made use of its early Super Constellation models, but on November 1, 1955, it could offer improved service, using its newer Model l049Gs which enabled it to operate non-stop most of the time, at least in the eastbound direction.

What was the first aircraft to fly nonstop over the Atlantic?

Over the Atlantic and other long distance routes, the Super Constellation was also operated by several former Constellation operators, until Lockheed was again challenged by Douglas and its DC-7C, the first aircraft capable of flying non-stop in both directions over the North Atlantic. To compete, Lockheed responded by mating the Super Constellation’s fuselage and tail surfaces with an entirely new wing, resulting in a major redesign. The outcome, the Model 1649A Starliner, which entered service on June 1, 1957, it was the most attractive of the Constellation series, but its success was short lived for in six months it was overtaken in 1958 by the faster, turbine-powered (Bristol Britannia) and jet aircraft (the Boeing 707-120) which finally made all propeller-driven aircraft obsolescent in October 1958. A total of 44 Lockheed L-1649As were built, 29 went to TWA, 10 to Air France, 4 to Lufthansa.

Compatibility

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Current features

As of version 3.0 (May 2017), advanced features of the Lockheed1049h include:

Future (planned) features

Realistic electrical system to power lights, engine starter, instruments, autopilot, auxiliary fuel pumps.

What type of engines did Lockheed use?

Lockheed and TWA had considered using turboprop engines (this would have been designated L-1549), but reliability, poor fuel efficiency and cost resulted in continuing to use Wright’s reciprocating Duplex-Cyclone radials.

What is the L-1649 Starliner?

The prototype Lockheed L-1649 Starliner, c/n 1001, registered N60968, was a major improvement over the previous model the L-1049 Super Constellation. Using the fuselage of the L-1049G variant, a new low-drag wing was used. The wing was about 16% thinner than the previous design, and had a span increased to 150 feet. By designing the main landing gear to retract into the inner engine nacelles rather than into openings in the lower surface of the wing, the wing could be built much stronger. The wing tips were squared.

When were L-1649A Starliners made?

44 production L-1649A Starliners were built by Lockheed in 1957 and 1958. The original L-049 prototype, NC25600, having previously modified as the prototype L-749 Constellation, L-1049 Super Constellation and PO-1W Warning Star, was also converted to the L-1649A configuration.

How was Lockheed L-1649 Starliner developed?

The development of the L-1649 Starliner can be dated back to the manufacture of Douglas DC-7, major piston-engine powered transport, which revoked Lockheed to design L-1449 in response to it. L-1449 could cruise faster than DC-7C, powered by a P.T. 2G-3turboprop engine. It had 150 feet wing. Because of high operational cost, high fuel consumption, and unpredictability, the PT2 project failed in March 1955. L-1549 replaced the L-1449 in early 1955. The new L-1549 was about 100 cm longer than L-1449, had a maximum gross take-off weight of 85000 kgs.

How many L-1649s were converted into cargo planes?

In the early 1960s, twelve L-1649s of Transatlantic airlines and 2 Lufthansa 1649s were converted into cargo planes after Boeing 707 took over.

How many L-1649s did Lufthansa fly?

L-1649s operated a total of 22 nonstop weekly schedules on the Orly -Idlewild route. Among them, four flew to Mexico City; two operated from Orly to Montreal to Chicago Midway weekly. Lufthansa, a major airline in Germany, purchases this Starliner. It was delivered to Lufthansa on January 17, 1958.

What was the cause of the crash of the Lockheed L-1649?

I.T. was in May 1961, the Starliner named ‘De Grass’ suffered an empennage break and crashed in the Sahara Desert. None of the people on the flight survived, including 69 passengers and nine crew. The probable cause of the crash was explosive device denotation which caused the empennage break.

What happened to the L-1649A?

There was a breaking up in the flight, which was caused because of the explosion of fuel vapors . The flight was to be destined at Paris-Orly airport, departed from Malpensa Airport. The accident damaged the aircraft beyond the damage, and all 59 passengers and eight crew members were killed.

What is the L-1649 Starliner?

Lockheed L-1649 Starliner- Star of Skies in the early 1950s. Often considered one of the most beautiful prop airliners ever to grace the skies, Lockheed L-1649 Starliner was developed from L-1049 Super Constellation, with a completely redesigned wing and a more powerful version R350 engine. It is the ultimate design of a popular ‘constellation’ …

When did Starliner stop operating?

The early 1980s ceased all commercial operations of Starliner. Most of the Starliners ended up rusting on the tarmac in airplane graveyards over the next 30 years. Few Starliners survived by freight services.