air constellation

air constellation插图

The Constellation series was the firstpressurized-cabin civil airlinerseries to go into widespread use. Its pressurized cabin enabled commercial passengers to fly well above most bad weather for the first time,thus significantly improving the general safety and ease of air travel.First flight:January 9, 1943Manufacturer:LockheedNumber built:856Produced:1943–1958

Which airlines operate the constellation?

At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation.

What is constellation connect and how does it work?

Constellation Connect is our innovative and easy-to-use home security feature that offers 24/7 professional monitoring, keeping your home secure and providing you and your family with peace of mind. Learn more about Constellation Connect.

What is the air quality satellite ‘virtual constellation?

Once complete, this air quality satellite “virtual constellation” will measure pollutants — including ozone, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde and tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols — in unprecedented detail and frequency. Air pollution can be damaging to the human respiratory and cardiovascular system and to the environment.

What types of energy does constellation offer?

Constellation offers natural gas, electricity, solar through Sunrun in six states, plus Washington, D.C., and renewable energy plans in many of the states where we provide energy services. Click home energy options to find energy options from Constellation that work with your budget.

What is Tropomi on Sentinel 5P?

TROPOMI on Sentinel-5P, in orbit since 2017, complements the geostationary constellation by providing atmospheric composition data over regions not covered by those instruments and will help assess and improve the consistency between the data products of GEMS, TEMPO and Sentinel-4.

What are the issues that TEMPO will help address?

Some of the specific issues TEMPO will help address include rush-hour pollution in urban and suburban areas; transport of pollution from biomass burning and ozone production; air pollution from oil and gas fields; and ship pollution tracks and drilling platform plumes. These measurements will have implications for air quality forecasting and public health and will improve national pollution inventories.

What satellite is used to measure the environment?

NASA’s Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO), scheduled to launch in 2022 as a payload on Intelsat 40e, will make measurements over North America. To complete the constellation the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel-4 satellite , expected to launch in 2023, will make measurements over Europe and North Africa.

What is the name of the satellite that monitors air quality?

Current satellite instruments that monitor air quality — such as NASA’s Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on Aura and ESA’s TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) on the Sentinel-5 Precursor (Sentinel-5P) — circle the Earth in sun-synchronous polar orbits that only allow them to make once-daily measurements over any given part of the planet.

What is Sentinel 4?

Sentinel 4 is part of Copernicus, the European Union’s Earth observation program, and its main purpose will be to provide measurement data on a long-term basis to the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service. This service provides daily forecasts, analyses of past air quality episodes, and trends of atmospheric composition by combining data from satellites and ground-based networks using numerical modeling techniques. Ben Veihelmann, of the Atmospheric Section of ESA’s Earth and Mission Science Division, is the mission scientist for Sentinel-4 and Sentinel-5.

What is the purpose of the Air Quality Satellite?

Once complete, this air quality satellite “virtual constellation” will measure pollutants — including ozone, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde and tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols — in unprecedented detail and frequency. Air pollution can be damaging to the human respiratory and cardiovascular system and to the environment. Near-real-time data products from the constellation will significantly improve air quality forecasting around the most densely populated areas of the Northern Hemisphere. That data can also help inform decisions by policymakers to improve air quality.

Where are the TEMPO and GEMS made?

That changes now with the launch of GEMS. Nearly identical to TEMPO — both were built by Ball Aerospace in Boulder, Colorado — GEMS will make detailed hourly daytime measurements that, among other things, will help address concerns around aerosols in South Korea. Despite decreasing long-term trends in those aerosols, levels are still high. The South Korean public has been concerned about their sources, whether they are produced locally or transported from neighboring countries.

What is the name of the bird of paradise?

Antlia. The air pump; a southern constellation introduced by Lacaille in 1756, originally the ‘pneumatic machine’. 1756 (Lacaille) Antliae. α-Ant. Apus. The bird of paradise; a southern constellation introduced by Keyser & de Houtman in 1598.

What is the name of the ship in Greek mythology?

Ancient. Capricorni. δ-Cap. Carina. The keel; a sub-division of the ancient constellation Argo – in Greek mythology, the ship of the Argonauts.

What is the crown of Ariadne?

The northern crown; in Greek mythology, worn by the Princess Ariadne on her wedding day.

Who is Cepheus in Greek mythology?

Cepheus. King Cepheus of Aethiopia; in Greek mythology, the king of Aethiopia, descended from Zeus and Io. Ancient. Cephei. Alderamin. Cetus. The sea monster, which in Greek mythology attacked Cepheus’s territory and Andromeda, but which was slain by Perseus. Ancient. Ceti.

What is the lesser dog?

The lesser dog; in Greek mythology, a hunting dog belonging to Orion, depicted pursuing the hare Lepus.

What is the altar used for?

The altar; in Greek mythology, used by the Gods to vow allegiance before their battle with the Titans.

When was the constellation of Berenice introduced?

The hair of Queen Berenice of Egypt; introduced as a constellation by Vopel in 1536.

How long was the Connie flight from Kansas City to SBD?

The other three crew members were enjoying the view from the cabin. It was a beautiful day for a cross country flight. The sky was clear and the visibility was great for the entire 5 hours and 48 minutes from MKC to SBD. The Connie cruised at 10,000 feet above Wichita and Albuquerque, and over the continental divide. Then it was on to Prescott and Winslow. Shortly thereafter, the descent was made into the always busy Los Angeles basin. The crew reported amazing visibility and excellent sight-seeing for the entire trip. The Connie arrived at SBD a full 10 minutes ahead of the planned arrival time.

What was the transformation of Kansas City?

Once in Kansas City, the transformation from a drab, worn out bug sprayer to a beautiful ‘Queen of the Skies’ began. Kansas City was probably the only place in the world that this transformation could have taken place. It was a classic example of “the right time and the right place”. There was a core of then current and retired TWA employees in Kansas City. All disciplines including pilots, flight engineers, mechanics, hostesses, etc. were represented. Had the members of SAC waited, it most likely would had been too late to find this kind of aircraft in restorable condition, or to salvage the parts needed from other Connies. This talented pool of retirees, who knew these planes well, led the way.

What was the paint used on the Connie?

Production company technicians “painted out” some of the lettering on the Connie. This was in keeping with their research on the way things were circa 1946. They sprayed on a water soluble white paint then coated it with wax to make it shiny. Among other changes, they painted out the “Super G” logo and took the “s” from the end of Trans World Airlines. A huge sunlight diffuser was constructed and hung over the Connie by a large crane during filming.

What movie did Connie appear in?

The Connie most recently appeared in “The Aviator”, which was the 2004 Martin Scorsese movie depicting the early years of legendary director and aviator Howard Hughes’ career, from the late 1920s to the mid-1940s starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Beckinsale, and Cate Blanchett. HISTORY. Current registration – N6937C.

How much was Paul Pristo’s 1985 auction?

Sale to Paul Pristo at the Globe Air Auction at Mesa, AZ October 1985 for $4,000

How many engines are in the AHM?

All four engines have been regularly run and AHM is adopting a new maintenance program to allow aircraft to once again be airworthy.

When was the N6937C restored?

N6937C. By the spring of 1986, Save A Connie, Inc. (SAC) was ready to move forward with the project to restore N6937C (37 Charlie) to a flyable condition. After nine weeks and nearly 4,000 man-hours, SAC volunteers made this plane flyable again. On July 15, 1986 , Star of America left Falcon Field, headed for Kansas City’s Downtown Airport (MKC).

What was the secret weapon of TWA?

The Secret Weapon. Having purchased a majority stake in TWA airlines earlier that year, Hughes saw the Constellation as his secret weapon in stealing market share from his competitors. He treated the project with all the subterfuge that secret weapons require.

Why were the Connies used in the Vietnam War?

During the Vietnam War, Connies were flown in elliptical orbit near enemy territory to collect and transmit information on air activity. Constellations were also the first planes to carry rotating radomes, saucer-shaped domes used to protect radar antennas, a technology that is still in use with modern aircraft controlling the skies over the Middle East and with US Customs and Border Protection P-3 s running drug interception missions in the Caribbean today.

What was the Connie designed to do?

As the Connie was designed to change the face of commercial flight —it was as experimental, in some ways, as the early commercial aircraft of the late 1920s—there were issues during its infancy. Lockheed was flexing the limits of piston-engine technology, and the engine’s complex design required maintenance, and sometimes replacement parts, at rates that would be considered unacceptable with the forthcoming introduction of jet airplanes.

How fast was the Connie?

The Connie averaged 331 mph, flying nonstop in six hours, 57 minutes, and 51 seconds on this flight.

What was the Navy’s nickname for the Connies?

By 1948, the Navy was calling in orders for Connies to act as long-range patrol aircraft , nicknamed Po-Boys from the PO-1 designation then in use. In time, Constellations would be used for everything from rescue missions and VIP transports to airborne early warning missions and the mapping of the earth’s magnetic field.

How many passengers can a Lockheed airplane carry?

He hoped to hire Lockheed to design a revolutionary aircraft capable of comfortably shuttling 20 passengers and 6,000 pounds of cargo across the United States, offering commercial aviation’s first coast-to-coast, non-stop service. But the Lockheed team had come to express even grander ambitions.

How fast would the Constellation go?

It would be faster than most World War II fighters at 350 mph.

Why was the Constellation so groundbreaking?

The Constellation would have the first hydraulically boosted power controls , would be faster than the majority of WWII fighter jets and would feature a pressurized cabin to allow the plane to fly above most of the weather disturbances.

What was the impact of the L-1049 Super Constellation on the transatlantic market?

As the development of the Constellation moved forwards, the aircraft got larger and generally slower. However, range improvements and massive jumps in the MTOW made the larger variants popular with airlines. Both the L-1049 Super Constellation and the L-1649 Starliner were instrumental in the development of the transatlantic market, used by carriers on both sides of the pond to make connections between the continents.

What was the Lockheed Constellation?

The Lockheed Constellation – The Plane That Changed The World. The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well. Aside of its unique design and attractive curves, the Connie brought us something which has …

What aircraft had a pressurized cabin?

Photo: Wikimedia. There was one other aircraft that brought with it a pressurized cabin, and that was the Boeing 307. However, when it returned to commercial service after the war, its pressurization systems were disabled.

How many people were sucked out of the Connie?

During the first two years of operation, two people were sucked out of the Connie in flight, and there are numerous tales of people becoming glued to the toilet when pressurization failed. But passengers continued to board Connie.

How many planes were built for the constellation?

At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation. Photo: Wikimedia.

When was the Connie plane introduced?

For many years following introduction with TWA in 1949, Connie was the only passenger aircraft that offered the pressurization needed to fly at high altitudes. But bringing such new technology to pass wasn’t always easy, or safe.

What is constellation connect?

Constellation Connect is our innovative and easy-to-use home security feature that offers 24/7 professional monitoring, keeping your home secure and providing you and your family with peace of mind. Learn more about Constellation Connect.

Does Constellation offer natural gas?

If you live in a deregulated energy market, you now have more energy choices, allowing you to choose the best electricity or natural gas supplier for your home. Constellation offers natural gas, electricity, solar through Sunrun in six states, plus Washington, D.C., and renewable energy plans in many of the states where we provide energy services.

Does Constellation offer home security?

Want an energy company that does more for you? Constellation now offers home services and home security options.