Why did Calder call his work the constellations?
After consulting his friends Marcel Duchamp and curator James Johnson Sweeney, Calder decided to call the roughly 29 stationary works “Constellations.” These delicate tabletop constructions— Vertical Constellation with Bomb among the most complex—constituted what Calder called “a new form of art.”
What is Calder’s vertical constellation with bomb?
Vertical Constellation with Bomb. The Constellations derived from the artist’s early 1930s series of standing sculptures, “Universes,” that resembled orreries (astronomical devices that demonstrate the orbit of planets in the solar system); in relation to the Universes series, Calder described the universe itself,…
What kind of art did Alexander Calder do?
In addition to his abstract mobiles, Calder also created static sculptures, called stabiles, as well as paintings, jewelry, theater sets, and costumes. Many artists made contour line drawings on paper, but Calder was the first to use wire to create three-dimensional line drawings of people, animals, and objects.
When did Alexander Calder paint untitled?
Alexander Calder with Untitled mobile, November 3, 1976. Dennis Brack/Black Star. National Gallery of Art, Gallery Archives Alexander Calder (1898–1976) came from a family of accomplished Philadelphia artists.
Why did Calder use wood in his paintings?
During World War II Calder employed more wood in his work due to a metal shortage (though he cut up an aluminum boat that he had constructed for his Roxbury pond and used the metal for several sculptures). In 1943 his Constellations were exhibited at a New York gallery together with paintings by the surrealist Yves Tanguy, who was Calder’s neighbor.
What did Calder do in 1927?
In 1927 Calder went to Paris to study art. He started fashioning small wood and wire animals with movable parts and soon had assembled a hand-operated miniature circus. The Parisian avant-garde flocked to performances of Calder’s Circus, and he joined their circle. Inspired by a visit to Piet Mondrian ’s studio in 1930, Calder began to experiment with abstract constructions. He created his first mobiles in the early 1930s; the earliest were hand-cranked or motorized, but he quickly adopted free-floating designs. The mobiles synthesized Calder’s interests in engineering, astronomy, and kinetics, as well as his well-known sense of play.
What did Calder’s mobiles do?
The mobiles synthesized Calder’s interests in engineering, astronomy, and kinetics, as well as his well-known sense of play. After returning to the U.S. in 1933, the artist introduced biomorphic forms into both his kinetic and stationary sculpture.
What color are the fins of the falling bomb?
The falling “bomb” is a combination: the nose is unpainted, the body is blue and white, and the attention-grabbing fins are decorated with a pattern of brightly colored triangles—red, orange, blue, black, white, and yellow. Astronomy interested Calder from an early age, and often he related his work to cosmic space.
How many pieces are there in the vertical constellation?
Vertical Constellation with Bomb includes 10 wooden pieces, mostly geometric or biomorphic, connected by thin steel wires painted red. Five of the shapes are unpainted, and four are painted a deep blue. The falling “bomb” is a combination: the nose is unpainted, the body is blue and white, and the attention-grabbing fins are decorated …
When did Calder start making mobiles?
Inspired by a visit to Piet Mondrian ’s studio in 1930, Calder began to experiment with abstract constructions. He created his first mobiles in the early 1930s; the earliest were hand-cranked or motorized, but he quickly adopted free-floating designs.
Where did Alexander Calder go to school?
His interests, however, veered more toward mechanical devices, and he graduated with a degree in mechanical engineering from the Stevens Institute of Technology (New Jersey) in 1919. In 1923 he enrolled at the famed Art Students League in New York, …
How did Calder shift from figurative linear sculptures in wire to abstract forms in motion?
Calder shifted from figurative linear sculptures in wire to abstract forms in motion by creating the first mobiles. Composed of pivoting lengths of wire counterbalanced with thin metal fins, the appearance of the entire piece was randomly arranged and rearranged in space by chance simply by the air moving the individual parts.
What was Calder’s first stabile?
Counterpoint to his mobiles, Calder created many stabiles, composed of intersecting shaped planes of bolted sheet metal, often painted a single color. Devil Fish was the first larger-scale stabile Calder made. By forming combinations of curved biomorphic shapes, Calder creates a swirling sense of motion, even in a static sculpture such as this. Later stabiles combined both organic and geometric forms.
What did Calder make?
At eight, Calder was creating jewelry for his sister’s dolls from beads and copper wire. Over the next few years, as his family moved to Pasadena, Philadelphia, New York, and San Francisco, he crafted small animal figures and game boards from scavenged wood and brass.
What did Alexander Calder do?
Alexander Calder, known as Sandy, was born into a long line of sculptors, being part of the fourth generation to take up the art form. Constructing objects from a very young age , his first known art tool was a pair of pliers. At eight, Calder was creating jewelry for his sister’s dolls from beads and copper wire. Over the next few years, as his family moved to Pasadena, Philadelphia, New York, and San Francisco, he crafted small animal figures and game boards from scavenged wood and brass. Calder’s interest initially led not to art, but to mechanical engineering and applied kinetics, which he studied at Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey (1915-1919).
What is Alexander Calder’s sculpture?
American artist Alexander Calder redefined sculpture by introducing the element of movement, first through performances of his mechanical Calder’s Circus and later with motorized works, and, finally, with hanging works called "mobiles.". In addition to his abstract mobiles, Calder also created static sculptures, …
What was Calder’s desire to create abstract paintings that moved through space?
Interested in astronomy, he compared his works’ discrete moving parts to the solar system.
What is the significance of Calder’s Circus?
Three films were made of Calder’s Circus performances, but the work’s significance is that it is one of the earliest modern works in which the artist is equally involved as both a "maker" and a performer. Artwork Images.