The Chained Woman
The Andromeda constellation is the 19th largest in the sky. It is also known asthe Chained Woman. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times and is associated with a beautiful princess who was sacrificed to the Sea Monster,Cetus,as a result of her mother’s vanity.
What constellations are in the Andromeda Galaxy?
The Andromeda Constellation is located in the northern hemisphere of the night sky just above the celestial equator. It is surrounded by other notable constellations (many of which are also from Greek Mythology) including the well-known constellations of Perseus, Cassiopeia, Pegasus, Pisces, and Aries.
What are the major stars in the Andromeda constellation?
α Ursae Majoris,known by the Arabic name Dubhe (the bear),which at a magnitude of 1.79 is the 35th-brightest star in the sky and the second-brightest of Ursa Major.β Ursae Majoris,called Merak (the loins of the bear),with a magnitude of 2.37.γ Ursae Majoris,known as Phecda (thigh),with a magnitude of 2.44.More items…
What season is best to see the Andromeda constellation?
Andromeda is visible in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.In the Northern hemisphere Andromeda can be seen from August to February.In the Southern hemisphere the constellation can be viewed from October to December.More items…
What are the constellations located around Andromeda?
Andromeda (the Chained Maiden)Auriga (the Charioteer)Cassiopeia (the Queen)Cepheus (the King)Lacerta (the Lizard)Pegasus (the Winged Horse)Perseus Triangulum (the Triangle)
What are the stars in the Andromeda constellation?
The brightest stars in the constellation — Alpheratz, Mirach and Almach — form a chain between the Great Square of Pegasus and the constellation Perseus.
What is the constellation of Andromeda named after?
The constellation was named after the mythical princess Andromeda, the daughter of Queen Cassiopeia and wife of the Greek hero Perseus. It is also known as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis (daughter of Cepheus). Among other notable deep sky objects, Andromeda constellation contains the famous Andromeda Galaxy ( Messier 31) …
Where is Mirach located?
The name Mirach is a corrupted derivation from the Arabic word for “girdle,” mizar, referring to the star’s placement at Andromeda’s left hip. Mirach is located only seven arcminutes from the galaxy NGC 404.
Where is NGC 206?
NGC 206 is a star cloud in the Andromeda Galaxy. It is the brightest star cloud in M31 seen from Earth and one of the largest star forming regions in the Local Group of galaxies. The cloud contains a number of very bright stars and is located in a zone free of neutral hydrogen in one of Andromeda’s spiral arms.
How far is Iota Andromedae?
Iota Andromedae is a B-type main sequence dwarf, bluish white in colour. It has a magnitude of +4.29 and is 503 light years distant.
What is the latitude of Andromeda?
It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1). The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°. The neighboring constellations are Cassiopeia, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, Pisces and Triangulum.
How many stars are there in Andromeda?
Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Andromedae, also known by its traditional name, Alpheratz. The nearest star is Ross 248 (spectral class M6V), also known as HH Andromedae.
How many constellations are there in the constellation Andromeda?
Constellation Andromeda is part of a family of nine constellations known as the Perseus Group.
How big is the Andromeda constellation?
Covering an area of 722 square degrees, the Andromeda constellation is the 19th largest constellation.
How far away is the Andromeda Galaxy?
So how far away is the Andromeda Galaxy? It’s 2.5 million light years from Earth, and appears in clear autumn and winter nights as a pale and elongated nebula. The Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi first described the Andromeda Nebula in the 10th century as a ‘small cloud.’
What is the name of the star that is located at the hip of the princess?
Starting from 1943, scientists have been using its spectrum as one of the anchor points by which stars are categorized. The name ‘Mirach’ comes from the Arabic language and means ‘girdle ’, referring to the star’s position at the hip of the princess.
Why did Poseidon awoke Ketos?
Poseidon became very angry. His anger was so powerful that it awoke the mighty sea monster, Ketos. Because the beast was so suddenly awakened, it hurled its wrath on the Kingdom of Ethiopia as divine retribution. King Cepheus quickly asked the oracle how he could save his realm, and learned that he had to sacrifice Andromeda to this vile monster. And so she was stripped and chained naked to a rock on the beach to await her fate.
What is the brightest star in the constellation?
Alpheratz, or Alpha Andromedae is the brightest star in the constellation. Other names include Alpherat and Sirrah, which derive from the Arabic name that means ‘navel of the mare’. Alpha Andromedae is located 97 light years from the Sun. It is actually a binary star (a system of two stars). Interestingly, the main star contains abnormally high levels of mercury and manganese, being the most luminous mercury-manganese star known.
What is the name of the galaxy in Andromeda?
Andromeda is home to several deep-sky objects, including the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31), as well as Messier 32 and Messier 110, a dwarf elliptical galaxy each.
What is the brightest star in Andromeda?
This is the most shining star in Andromeda. It is also called “Sirrah.” Its distance from the earth is 917 light years. It is a binary star having a magnitude of +2.06. Alpharatz is both hot and blue and categorized as a BB subgiant. It is the brightest mercury-manganese star ever known in history having a luminosity 200 times that of the Sun. Alpharatz links the Andromeda Constellation to Pegasus, the horse that Perseus rode to save Andromeda.
What is the name of the galaxy closest to the Milky Way?
Plus, there is the Andromeda galaxy (M31), which is the Andromeda constellation’s most visible deep-sky object. It is also referred to as the Great Galaxy of Andromeda and is nearest to the Milky Way. Besides, Andromeda is home to several, other galaxies such as M110, M32 and distant NGC 891.
How far is the Andromeda Galaxy from Earth?
Its distance from earth is estimated at 2.2 million light years. It is the most massive neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the most massive member of the Local Group of galaxies. The Andromeda Galaxy has a total of 15 satellite galaxies with nine of them lying in a plane and two open star clusters.
What is the color of the Andromeda constellation?
There is also Beta Andromedae, which is a red giant with color that is visible to the human eye.
Which constellations are in the Perseus myth?
Many neighboring constellations such as Cetus , Cassiopeia , Perseus, and Cepheus, and Cepheus are also characters in the Perseus myth as well as the Andromeda mythology.
Where is Andromeda located?
Andromeda is a northern constellation located directly south of Cassiopeia between Pegasus and Perseus. Basic information about Andromeda.
How big is Andromeda?
The Andromeda constellation is among the most massive constellations having 722 square degrees area, which is more than 1400 times the size of the full moon, about 55% of the size of Hydra, the most massive constellation, and more than ten times the size of Crux, the smallest constellation. Andromeda has a certain number …
What is the meaning of the name Andromeda?
Name and Meaning: Derived from Greek mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of Cassiopeia and Cepheus – the king and queen of ancient Aethopia (modern day Ethopia).
How far is the Andromeda Galaxy from Earth?
The most famous of these is the Andromeda Galaxy (aka. M31, NGC 224), which takes its name from this constellation. Located at an estimated 2.2 million light-years from Earth, this galaxy is one of the most distant objects that is visible to the naked eye.
What constellation is the goddess of the heavens?
The stars that make up Pisces and the middle portion of modern Andromeda formed a constellation representing the fertility goddess “Anunitum” (or the “Lady of the Heavens”), who was also the patron goddess of the city of Akkad. Andromeda is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos.
Why was Andromeda chained to a rock?
To punish the mother, Andromeda was chained to a rock of the coast as a sacrifice for a sea monster, Cetus (another southern constellation). Andromeda escaped this fate, thanks to the intervention of Perseus – the greatest Greek hero and slayer of monsters before Heracles.
How many children did Athena have?
The two married, had nine children together, and founded the kingdom of Mycenae and its Persideae dynasty. After Andromeda’s death, Athena placed her in the sky as a constellation, to honor her. The Andromeda constellation, from Uranographia by Johannes Hevelius (1690). Credit: contentdm.lindahall.org.
Which constellation has bright stars?
Andromeda ’s bright stars are mostly in the body of the porpoise, while Cassiopeia represents its tail and Aries its head. Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century work, Almagest.
What is the goddess of chaos?
Andromeda is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos. According to the legend, Tiamat bore many demons for her husband, Apsu, the god of freshwater. However, she eventually decided to destroy them as part of a war between the older and youner gods.
How many stars are in the constellation of Legs?
In traditional Chinese astronomy, nine stars from Andromeda ( including Beta Andromedae, Mu Andromedae, and Nu Andromedae ), along with seven stars from Pisces, formed an elliptical constellation called “ Legs “.
Why did Athena put the constellations in the sky?
After Andromeda’s death, Athena placed her in the sky as a constellation, to honor her. Several of the neighboring constellations ( Perseus, Cassiopeia, Cetus, and Cepheus) also represent characters in the Perseus myth. It is connected with the constellation Pegasus.
What constellation is the goddess of fertility?
The stars that makeup Pisces and the middle portion of modern Andromeda formed a constellation representing a fertility goddess, sometimes named as Anunitum or the Lady of the Heavens.
How far is M31 from Earth?
M31 is one of the most distant objects visible to the naked eye, 2.2 million light-years from Earth ( estimates range up to 2.5 million light-years ); it is seen under a dark, transparent sky as a hazy patch in the north of the constellation.
What is the latitude of Andromeda?
Because of its northern declination, Andromeda is visible only north of 40° south latitude; for observers farther south, it lies below the horizon. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees.
How big is M31?
In absolute terms, M31 is approximately 200,000 light-years in diameter, twice the size of the Milky Way.
What is the name of the nebula in Andromeda?
Several fainter galaxies, including M31’s companions M110 and M32, as well as the more distant NGC 891, lie within Andromeda. The Blue Snowball Nebula, a planetary nebula, is visible in a telescope as a blue circular object.
A Queen’s Boastfulness, and a Hero’s Courage
King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia ruled over the southern lands known at the time as Ethiopia. They raised a beautiful daughter and named her Andromeda, and Cassiopeia was so proud of Andromeda’s beauty, she claimed that Andromeda was more beautiful even than the Nerieds, the sea nymphs.
These printouts represent a map of the overhead sky, which means you need to hold them over your head and compare them to the sky. But which way do you turn the map? We need compass directions on the map to tell us.
Now, what about the constellations? When I taught astronomy, we usually would have covered by now the constellations on the left and right, over the western and eastern horizons, so I’m going to ignore Orion, Auriga, Taurus, and the Summer Triangle, and leave discussion of those for some other time.
The Andromeda Story in the sky is home to three rather odd stars, all of which serve as archetypes in the modern star classification system.
Just a quick final comment about the zodiac: If you haven’t noticed yet, the zodiac runs right across our scene. As you may know, the significance of the zodiac is not in the constellations themselves. Many of them are quite dim and unremarkable. Capricorn and Aquarius have no bright stars, and Pisces doesn’t even have any medium stars.