Constellation Andromeda is part of a family of nine constellations known as the Perseus Group. It is one of the seventeen constellations that represent a mythological character. Andromeda is visible in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Andromeda is home to several deep-sky objects,including the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31),as well as Messier 32 and Messier 110,a dwarf elliptical galaxy each. The Andromeda Galaxy has two satellite galaxies.
What is the constellation Andromeda known for?
Andromeda Constellation. Andromeda constellation is located in the northern sky, between Cassiopeia’s W asterism and the Great Square of Pegasus. The constellation was named after the mythical princess Andromeda, the wife of the Greek hero Perseus. It is also known as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis (daughter of Cepheus).
What are the neighboring constellations of Perseus?
The neighboring constellations are Andromeda, Aries, Auriga, Camelopardalis, Cassiopeia, Taurus and Triangulum. Perseus belongs to the Perseus family of constellations, along with Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum.
What did Perseus do to Andromeda?
Perseus, the demigod son of Zeus and Danae, was one of the greatest of all Greek heroes. Perseus was on Pegasus the flying horse when he saw poor Andromeda facing the mighty Cetus. As he neared the shore of Jaffa, he asked Andromeda what was going on. Upon learning of her terrible predicament, he made a deal with King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia.
What connects the constellation Andromeda to the neighboring square of Pegasus?
The figure’s head connects the constellation to the neighboring square of Pegasus . In ancient Greek mythology, Andromeda was a beautiful daughter of the king Cepheus and queen Cassiopeia.
Why did Cepheus go to Delphi?
In their despair, King Cepheus went to the wise Oracle of Ammon (some say Delphi) in an attempt to figure out what could be done to stop Cetus. The Oracle suggested they sacrifice their only daughter to the mighty Cetus at the ancient shore of Jaffa. King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia accepted this fate, and sadly put Andromeda in shackles …
What did Perseus do to Cetus?
In the common story, Perseus slew Cetus with his diamond sword. In another story, Perseus removed the protective cloth covering the head of the Medusa he had previously slain. Upon seeing the head, Cetus immediately turned to stone. According to this story, these remnants can still be seen today.
Why did Perseus offer to free them of Cetus?
He offered to free them of Cetus if he could have Andromeda’s hand in marriage. With King Cepheus’ and Queen Cassiopeia’s agreement to let him marry Andromeda, Perseus proceeded to the shoreline to confront the monster. In the common story, Perseus slew Cetus with his diamond sword.
What was Poseidon’s request to destroy the coastal villages of the kingdom?
Poseidon accepted their request and sent a sea beast – Cetus – to destroy the coastal villages of the kingdom. Cetus resembled a combination of a giant fish, serpent, and dragon. The beast travelled across the Mediterranean Sea and began to destroy the villages of the kingdom.
What constellations are in the Greek mythology?
Featured constellations: the epic of Andromeda and Perseus. In this month’s edition, we trace an ancient Greek myth across six constellations. The story will start high in the sky, near Polaris the North Star, and plummet far to the south.
What god did Cassiopeia turn to?
While the odd boast could be tolerated, the incessant way Cassiopeia went on about it infuriated the sea nymphs. In their anger, they turned to Poseidon, god of the oceans and seas, and asked for his help in destroying the kingdom of Cassiopeia and Cepheus.
Why was the woman never able to bathe?
The second interpretation relates to the representation of the horizon as water. It states that she was never able to bath because she could never reach the horizon. Both of these insults are punishment for her bad behaviour and boastfulness.
How many constellations are there in the constellation Andromeda?
Constellation Andromeda is part of a family of nine constellations known as the Perseus Group.
How big is the Andromeda constellation?
Covering an area of 722 square degrees, the Andromeda constellation is the 19th largest constellation.
How far away is the Andromeda Galaxy?
So how far away is the Andromeda Galaxy? It’s 2.5 million light years from Earth, and appears in clear autumn and winter nights as a pale and elongated nebula. The Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi first described the Andromeda Nebula in the 10th century as a ‘small cloud.’
What is the name of the star that is located at the hip of the princess?
Starting from 1943, scientists have been using its spectrum as one of the anchor points by which stars are categorized. The name ‘Mirach’ comes from the Arabic language and means ‘girdle ’, referring to the star’s position at the hip of the princess.
Why did Poseidon awoke Ketos?
Poseidon became very angry. His anger was so powerful that it awoke the mighty sea monster, Ketos. Because the beast was so suddenly awakened, it hurled its wrath on the Kingdom of Ethiopia as divine retribution. King Cepheus quickly asked the oracle how he could save his realm, and learned that he had to sacrifice Andromeda to this vile monster. And so she was stripped and chained naked to a rock on the beach to await her fate.
What is the brightest star in the constellation?
Alpheratz, or Alpha Andromedae is the brightest star in the constellation. Other names include Alpherat and Sirrah, which derive from the Arabic name that means ‘navel of the mare’. Alpha Andromedae is located 97 light years from the Sun. It is actually a binary star (a system of two stars). Interestingly, the main star contains abnormally high levels of mercury and manganese, being the most luminous mercury-manganese star known.
What is the name of the galaxy in Andromeda?
Andromeda is home to several deep-sky objects, including the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31), as well as Messier 32 and Messier 110, a dwarf elliptical galaxy each.
What are the stars in the Andromeda constellation?
The brightest stars in the constellation — Alpheratz, Mirach and Almach — form a chain between the Great Square of Pegasus and the constellation Perseus.
What is the constellation of Andromeda named after?
The constellation was named after the mythical princess Andromeda, the daughter of Queen Cassiopeia and wife of the Greek hero Perseus. It is also known as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis (daughter of Cepheus). Among other notable deep sky objects, Andromeda constellation contains the famous Andromeda Galaxy ( Messier 31) …
Where is Mirach located?
The name Mirach is a corrupted derivation from the Arabic word for “girdle,” mizar, referring to the star’s placement at Andromeda’s left hip. Mirach is located only seven arcminutes from the galaxy NGC 404.
Where is NGC 206?
NGC 206 is a star cloud in the Andromeda Galaxy. It is the brightest star cloud in M31 seen from Earth and one of the largest star forming regions in the Local Group of galaxies. The cloud contains a number of very bright stars and is located in a zone free of neutral hydrogen in one of Andromeda’s spiral arms.
How far is Iota Andromedae?
Iota Andromedae is a B-type main sequence dwarf, bluish white in colour. It has a magnitude of +4.29 and is 503 light years distant.
What is the latitude of Andromeda?
It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1). The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°. The neighboring constellations are Cassiopeia, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, Pisces and Triangulum.
How many stars are there in Andromeda?
Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Andromedae, also known by its traditional name, Alpheratz. The nearest star is Ross 248 (spectral class M6V), also known as HH Andromedae.
Why is the Perseid meteor shower associated with the Perseus constellation?
The Perseid meteor shower is associated with the Perseus constellation because its apparent point of origin, also called the radiant, is located in the constellation. Two Perseid meteors and their radiant (crossing of dotted line). Two star constellations are indicated. Photo: Brocken Inaglory.
What is the name of the star that has 7.3 solar masses?
Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun and 5000 times more luminous. The star’s traditional names, Mirfak and Algenib, mean “elbow” and “flank” or “side” respectively in Arabic. Gamma Pegasi in the nearby constellation Pegasus is now formally known as Algenib.
What is the brightest star in the constellation Perseus?
Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It has a visual magnitude of 1.806 and is approximately 510 light years distant. It is the brightest star in Perseus constellation and one of the brightest stars in the sky.
What is the name of the constellation that is home to the star Algol?
Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The constellation is best known for its annual Perseid meteor shower. It is also home to the famous variable star Algol, Beta Persei.
Why did Perseus use Medusa’s head?
Atlas refused him hospitality and Perseus used Medusa’s head to turn him into stone, or into the mountain range that bears his name. Later, Perseus came across the princess Andromeda, who was chained to a rock and left to the sea monster Cetus by her parents, King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia, to appease the monster.
How many meteor showers are there in Perseus?
There are two meteor showers associated with the constellation; the Perseids and the September Perseids. Perseus contains eight named stars. The proper names of stars that have been officially approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Algol, Atik, Berehinya, Menkib, Miram, Mirfak, Misam, and Muspelheim.
How old is Persei?
It is seven times more massive than the Sun and believed to be about 6.8 million years old.
What is the brightest star in Andromeda?
This is the most shining star in Andromeda. It is also called “Sirrah.” Its distance from the earth is 917 light years. It is a binary star having a magnitude of +2.06. Alpharatz is both hot and blue and categorized as a BB subgiant. It is the brightest mercury-manganese star ever known in history having a luminosity 200 times that of the Sun. Alpharatz links the Andromeda Constellation to Pegasus, the horse that Perseus rode to save Andromeda.
What is the name of the galaxy closest to the Milky Way?
Plus, there is the Andromeda galaxy (M31), which is the Andromeda constellation’s most visible deep-sky object. It is also referred to as the Great Galaxy of Andromeda and is nearest to the Milky Way. Besides, Andromeda is home to several, other galaxies such as M110, M32 and distant NGC 891.
How far is the Andromeda Galaxy from Earth?
Its distance from earth is estimated at 2.2 million light years. It is the most massive neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the most massive member of the Local Group of galaxies. The Andromeda Galaxy has a total of 15 satellite galaxies with nine of them lying in a plane and two open star clusters.
What is the color of the Andromeda constellation?
There is also Beta Andromedae, which is a red giant with color that is visible to the human eye.
Which constellations are in the Perseus myth?
Many neighboring constellations such as Cetus , Cassiopeia , Perseus, and Cepheus, and Cepheus are also characters in the Perseus myth as well as the Andromeda mythology.
Where is Andromeda located?
Andromeda is a northern constellation located directly south of Cassiopeia between Pegasus and Perseus. Basic information about Andromeda.
How big is Andromeda?
The Andromeda constellation is among the most massive constellations having 722 square degrees area, which is more than 1400 times the size of the full moon, about 55% of the size of Hydra, the most massive constellation, and more than ten times the size of Crux, the smallest constellation. Andromeda has a certain number …
What did Polydectes challenge Perseus to do?
He challenged Perseus to dare a difficult task, to kill the fearsome Gorgon Medusa and bring back her head. Gorgon Medousa was a terrible monster with snakes in her head and she could turn into stone everyone that looked her face. By killing Medousa, Perseus would prove his braveness, as fits to the son of Zeus. Polydectes was sure that Perseus would not survive this dangerous task.
What is the meaning of Perseus and Andromeda?
Perseus & Andromeda. The story of Perseus and Andromeda derives from Greek mythology and contains very deep wisdom on the interactions of male and female energy. Perseus is one of the greatest heroes of Greek Mythology. He was the son of mighty Zeus and mortal Danae.
What did Acrisius do when he heard the baby crying?
When king Acrisius heard the baby crying and realized he had a grandson, his first thought was to kill the unfortunate boy and his mother. But he couldn’t do as he feared he would cause the anger of Zeus. So he cast his daughter and grandson into a wooden chest and set them into the wild sea to get drowned.
Why did Perseus make Dictus the king of the island?
After that, Perseus made Dictus the fisherman king of the island, to thank him for his kindness and generosity all these years. A grateful Perseus gave his flying sandal, mirror and magical cap to god Hermes. He also gave his great trophy, the head of Medousa, to goddess Athena.
Why did Zeus lock his daughter in the bronze chamber?
Fearing that this prophecy would come true, he locks his only daughter, Danae, into an underground bronze chamber, to keep her away from all men. However, Zeus the all mighty saw the girl and fell in love with her. He then took the form of a golden rain to get into the bronze chamber and seduce Danae.
What did Athena give Perseus?
To help him, god Hermes gave him a curved sword and a pair of winged sandals (other versions of the myth say that Hermes did not give Perseus a pair of winged sandals but a white winged horse) while Athena gave him a mirror of polished bronze and a cap from Hades that could make invisible anyone who would wear it.
Where did Danae and his sons land?
Indeed, the sea calmed down and after a few days, Danae and his new-born son landed on the island of Serifos. There Dictys, a fisherman and brother of the island’s king, found them and took them to his home, where they would be safe.
What is the brightest star in the sky?
Brightest star: Mirfak (α Per) Visible at: Latitudes between +90° and ?35°. Best viewed: During the month of December at 9.00pm. The Perseus constellation is the 24th largest in the sky. It is an ancient constellation that dates back to Greek times.
How far is Gorgonea Tertia from Perseus?
Gorgonea Tertia, also known as Rho Persei, is closer, at a distance of 308 light-years. The distance from the milky way to the Double Cluster is around 7,600 light-years. The Perseus Cluster is a massive 240 million light-years away and the beautiful Dumbbell Nebula is 2500 light-years away.
What constellations are connected to the Great Warrior?
These constellations include Cassiopeia, Andromeda’s Mother, Cetus the Sea Monster, Auriga, Cepheus, Lacerta, Pegasus the Winged Horse, and Triangulum ( 1 ). The Perseus (constellation) occupies an area of 615 square degrees.
Where is Perseus in the sky?
Perseus can be found in the sky by locating the constellations of Cassiopeia or Andromeda.
What is the area of Perseus?
The Perseus (constellation) occupies an area of 615 square degrees. The neighboring Zodiac constellations are Taurus the Bull and Aries the Ram. Neighboring constellations that are not part of the Zodiac constellations are Cassiopeia, Andromeda, Auriga, and Triangulum. For home astronomers, Perseus has many exciting Perseus constellation facts.
How far away is the Demon Star?
The Demon Star, Algol, is 92 light-years away. Atik is 750 light-years away. Epsilon Persei, the multiple star system, lies about 640 light-years away from the Solar System. Gamma Persei, a double star system, lies about 243 light-years away from Earth. Delta Persei is also far away, at a distance of 520 light-years.
Where is 3C 83.1B?
3C 83.1B is a radio galaxy located in the Perseus Cluster. It lies in the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. A radio galaxy is a specific type of active galaxy that emits more light at radio wavelengths than at visible wavelengths.