baiame constellation

baiame constellation插图

What does Baiame stand for?

Baiame (or Biame, Baayami, Baayama or Byamee) was the creator god and sky father in the Dreaming of several Aboriginal Australian peoples of south-eastern Australia, such as the Wonnarua, Kamilaroi, Eora, Darkinjung, and Wiradjuri peoples.

What is the story of Baiame?

Baiame is the chief of the Aborigine gods of Australia. The Baiame myth tells how Baiame came down from the sky to the land, and created rivers, mountains, and forests. He then gave the people their laws of life, traditions, songs, and culture.

What are the characteristics of Baiame?

Baiame is often shown with internal decorations such as waistbands, vertical lines running down the body, bands and dots. Baiame came down from the sky to the land and created rivers, mountains, and forests.

What Constellation is the EMU in the sky?

The Emu in the Sky, orCel- estial Emu, is a ?dark‘ constellation in the Milky Way made up of the dust lanes running from the Coal Sack Nebula (the head of the Emu) to the galactic bulge in Scorpius-Sagittarius (the body of the Emu), and Ophiuchus-Scutum (the feet of the Emu) (Fuller et al., 2013; Norris and Norris, ).

What is the Baiame myth?

The Baiame myth tells how Baiame came down from the sky to the land, and created rivers, mountains, and forests. He then gave the people their laws of life, traditions, songs, and culture. He also created the first initiation site. This is known as a bora; a place where boys were initiated into manhood.

Does Baiame have superhuman strength?

Baiame also possesses superhuman strength and his godly metabolism provides him with far greater than human endurance in all physical activities (The flesh and bone of the Australian gods is about three times as dense as similar human tissue, contributing to their superhuman strength and weight).

Is Baiame a hunter?

Baiame is an excellent hunter and tracker skilled in the use of a boomerang. [citation needed]

Did Thor live on Earth?

It is believed he once lived on Earth as a mortal man before departing earth. [citation needed] The god Odin called upon him to meet with the other godheads of the pantheons of Earth to discuss the threat of the Celestials. Baiame later granted Thor a portion of the required life-energies to revive the Asgardians.

Kamilaroi Sky God

He believes in controlling things and in the beginning taught humans how everything works.

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What did Baiame do?

Baiame came down from the sky to the land and created rivers, mountains, and forests. He then gave the people their laws of life, traditions, songs, and culture. He also created the first initiation site. This is known as a bora; a place where boys were initiated into manhood. When he had finished, he returned to the sky and people called him the Sky Hero or All Father or Sky Father .

What did Baiame create?

Baiame came down from the sky to the land and created rivers, mountains, and forests. He then gave the people their laws of life, traditions, songs, and culture. He also created the first initiation site. This is known as a bora; a place where boys were initiated into manhood.

What is Baiame’s hairstyle?

Baiame is often depicted as a human figure with a large head-dress or hairstyle, with lines of footsteps nearby, he is always painted in front view. Baiame is often shown with internal decorations such as waistbands, vertical lines running down the body, bands and dots.

Is Baiame married?

He is said to be married to Birrahgnooloo, who is often identified as an emu, and with whom he has a son Daramulum. It was forbidden to mention or talk about the name of Baiame publicly. Women were not allowed to see drawings of Baiame nor approach Baiame sites—which are often male initiation sites.

Where did Baiami come from?

This is consistent with rock art depictions of Baiami from the Sydney Basin, and that of Nyeeruna, a creation ancestor of the Kokatha and Ngalea peoples from the Great Victoria Desert, South Australia, which shares similar characteristics and attributions with Baiami.

What did Mathews describe in his observations?

In his observations, Mathews describes the physical layout of theBurbunginitiation grounds, and outlines the proceedings of the ceremony. Of particular note was his detailed description of a Dreaming associated with the ceremony involv- ing the important ancestral creator Baiami, and his pursuit of an emu.

How far is Belartree from Baiami’s head?

Belartree about 3.20 m from Baiami?s head was surmounted by ?a mock Eaglehawk‘s nest‘ (the Eaglehawk is an alternative name for the Wedge-tailed Eagle: Aquila audax), with the bole of the tree carved with representations of the Sun and crescent Moon (ibid.).

What is the Milky Way?

The Milky Way is Warrambool … There is one old man up there who was once a great rainmaker, and when you see that he has turned round as the position of the Milky Way is altered, you may expect rain; he never moves except to make it … (Parker, 1905: 95).

How tall is the Earthen Figure?

According to Mathews (1896b: 300), an earthen figure of a man mea- suring 6.60 m long by 1.68 m across the body, and 0.53 m in height is positioned opposite a large fire (?Baiami?s Fire‘). The figure, attributed to Baiami, was lying face-down with his arms spread out. Close to him were representations of two giant handprints, made by puddling and working the clay soil to shape. These were said to be the handprints of Baiamiwhen he tripped and fell. A similar mounded figure was observ- ed and photographed by Kerry in 1898 (Figure 5) during another Burbungceremony, and thus contemporaneous with Mathews‘ observations.

What is the meaning of the dreaming narrative?

The Dreaming narrative has parallels with the Greek myth of Orion and the scorpion, represented by the constellation of Scorpius, in eternal pursuit of each other in the sky throughout the year. The Dreaming narrative recorded by Mathews also suggests a reference to the orientation of Baiamiin Orion.

When does Burbungceremony take place?

These accounts describe the Burbungcere- mony predominantly taking place after sunset in August, when the band of the Milky Way is perpendicular to the horizon. Hence, the ?Sky Burbung? contained within the body of The Cel- estial Emuis visually and spiritually ?connected‘ to the terrestrial Burbung(Fuller et al., 2014b; see Figure 3, left). This allows Daramulun, who is of the emu totem, to descend to Earth and take part in the ceremony (Fuller et al., 2014b). The earthen figure of an emu adjacent to im- prints of emu tracks morphing into human foot- prints, as witnessed by Mathews (1896b: 229) during a Burbungceremony, may be symbolic of Daramulun?s descent to Earth as an emu and his transformation into human form. Interest- ingly, Howitt (1904: 588) states that the newly initiated were not allowed to go to sleep at night until the Milky Way was again horizontal in the sky. Howitt does not offer a reason for this. One possible interpretation is that once the con- nection between Milky Way and ground was ?severed‘, Daramulunwas no longer able to come down from the sky to walk the Earth, and therefore unable to pose a threat to the boys. In both the Wiradjuri and Kamilaroi langu- ages, the name of the terrestrial emu isDin- awan. Elders explain that the name of the Cel- estial Emu(Kamilaroi: Gawarrgay/Gawarghoo, Wiradjuri: Gugurmin) differs from its terrestrial counterpart, and its role changes as the orien- tation of the Milky Way changes over the year. Each orientation is linked to a different aspect of an overall narrative cycle linked to the emu‘s behaviour and the ceremonial calendar (Fuller et al., 2014b: 175?177).

What constellation is the Big Dipper?

The Big Dipper is identified across many northern hemisphere traditions, but for the Alaskan Gwich’in this is merely the tail of the whole-sky constellation Yahdii (The Tailed Man), who “walks” from east to west overnight.

What is the focus of transmission in oral cultures?

In oral cultures – like those of Indigenous Australia – the focus of transmission is on ease of communication and recall.

Where is the Celestial Emu found?

Across cultures, these again show remarkable consistency. The celestial emu, which is found in Aboriginal traditions across Australia, shares nearly identical views and traditions with the Tupi people of Brazil and Bolivia, who see it as a celestial rhea, another large flightless bird.

Who is the man pursuing the seven sisters of the Pleiades star cluster?

For example, the constellation Orion is described by the Ancient Greeks as a man pursuing the seven sisters of the Pleiades star cluster.

Who is Orion in the Victoria Desert?

In the traditions of the Great Victoria Desert, Orion is Nyeeruna, a man chasing the seven Yugarilya sisters.

Who is Simon Cropper?

Simon Cropper is a Senior Lecturer at the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne and receives funding from the McCoy Foundation for the initial stages of this project; Charles Kemp is Associate Professor at the University of Melbourne and receives funding from the Australian Research Council; Daniel R Little is Senior Lecturer in Mathematical Psychology at the University of Melbourne and receives funding from the Australian Research Council and the McCoy Foundation. Duane Hamacher is Associate Professor at the University of Melbourne and receives funding from the Australian Research Council.

Who discovered that errors reflect a person’s beliefs about missing or uncertain information?

British psychologist Sir Frederic Bartlett realised in the early 20th century that these errors typically reflect a person’s beliefs about missing or uncertain information filtering into the original message. The information passed from one person to another accumulates and ultimately informs an individual’s beliefs about the nature of the world.

What is the Aboriginal oral tradition?

Picture: Getty Images. In oral cultures, like those of Indigenous Australia, the focus of transmission is on ease of communication and recall.

Why do we see constellations of stars?

Constellations of stars have helped us shape our own ongoing narrative and culture – creating meaning in the night sky above us that guides us in our life on the ground below.

What is the focus of transmission in oral cultures?

In oral cultures, like those of Indigenous Australia, the focus of transmission is on ease of communication and recall.

Why do we love the stars?

More fundamentally, they are a reflection and a framework for our life on this planet.

Where is the Celestial Emu found?

Across cultures, these again show remarkable consistency. The celestial emu, which is found in Aboriginal traditions across Australia, shares nearly identical views and traditions with the Tupi people of Brazil and Bolivia, who see it as a celestial rhea, another large flightless bird.

Who is the man pursuing the seven sisters of the Pleiades star cluster?

For example, the constellation Orion is described by the Ancient Greeks as a man pursuing the seven sisters of the Pleiades star cluster.

Is the Conversation a co-published story?

A version of this story has been co-published with The Conversation.

How many wives does Dharramalan have?

He is said to have two wives, Ganhanbili and Birrangulu, the latter often being identified as an emu, and with whom he has a son Dharramalan. In other stories Dharramalan is said to be brother to Baiame.

What is the Baiame story?

Overview. The Baiame story tells how Baiame came down from the sky to the land and created rivers, mountains, and forests. He then gave the people their laws of life, traditions, songs, and culture. He also created the first initiation site.

Is it forbidden to talk about the name of Baiame?

It was forbidden to mention or talk about the name of Baiame publicly. Women were not allowed to see drawings of Baiame nor approach Baiame sites—which are often male initiation sites (boras). In rock paintings Baiame is often depicted as a human figure with a large head-dress or hairstyle, with lines of footsteps nearby.