boeing super constellation

boeing super constellation插图

Boeing’s constellation was proposed in2017, but it took four years for the FCC to iron out the technicalities surrounding the plan. Most of the satellites will circle the globe at a height of about 650 miles. Fifteen of them will go into highly inclined orbits at an altitude between 17,000 and 27,500 miles.

When did the Super G Constellation first fly?

The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines.

Which airlines fly the Super Constellation?

Iberia, Eastern, TWA, KLM, Trans-Canada Air Lines, Qantas, Air India, PIA, Avianca, Lnea Aeropostal Venezolana, and Cubana were all fans of the Super Constellation. Photo: RuthAS via Wikimedia Commons.

What is a 1049G Super Constellation?

Lockheed introduced the further-enlarged 1049 Super Constellation in 1950, part of an epic battle with its Southern California rival, Douglas. The 1049G Super G was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners.

What was the most successful Super Constellation?

The 1049G Super G was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models.

What is a super G?

The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models. The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines. However, soon after the plane’s introduction, it became clear that jet airliners were the future.

What is the 1049G?

The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models.

When was the Lockheed Constellation made?

The elegant Lockheed Constellation was born from requirements put forth in 1939 by Howard Hughes for Transcontinental and Western Air (TWA) Lines. The first version, Model 49, flew in January 1943 with Eddie Allen (on loan from Boeing) at the controls.

When did the TCA aircraft come to the museum?

The Museum eventually acquired the aircraft in 2005. Following extensive restoration to its original appearance in TCA colors in Rome, New York, it was trucked to the Museum’s main campus in Seattle in 2009.

When was the first flight of the G model constellation?

The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines.

How many satellites are there in SpaceX?

SpaceX plans to deploy up to 42,000 satellites (it has more than 1,600 operational today), Amazon hopes to have 3,200 after its first launch in 2022, and OneWeb is more than halfway to its target of 648 satellites.

What band does Starlink operate in?

Starlink operates in the Ka- and Ku-band frequencies, but is moving into a more rarely used higher set of frequencies known as the V-band, where Boeing also plans to operate. Ars Technica, noting that competitor objections are common in megaconstellation applications, pointed to a recent SpaceX-Amazon dispute as one example of such objections.

How will megaconstellations affect astronomy?

Such megaconstellations will likely have a negative effect on astronomy as the bright machines leave trails in long-exposure photography required for asteroid hunting or to image very faint objects , astronomers have warned. The companies and scientists continue to talk with each other about possible mitigation measures.

When will Boeing start building the new constellation?

Boeing has until 2027 to begin building the new broadband constellation.

Who is Elizabeth Howell?

Elizabeth Howell is a contributing writer for Space.com who is one of the few Canadian journalists to report regularly on space exploration. She is the author or co-author of several books on space exploration. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. from the University of North Dakota in Space Studies, and an M.Sc. from the same department. She also holds a bachelor of journalism degree from Carleton University in Canada, where she began her space-writing career in 2004. Besides writing, Elizabeth teaches communications at the university and community college level, and for government training schools. To see her latest projects, follow Elizabeth on Twitter at @howellspace.

What was the first commercial airliner to have pressurization?

The Lockheed Constellation, nicknamed Connie, was introduced in 1943 with the USAAF, playing an important role in World War II. However, TWA became the first commercial operator just two years later. It was the first widespread airliner with pressurization in its cabin.

How fast can a Lockheed L-1049G fly?

The aircraft carried 77 passengers and could reach a cruise of up to 530 km/h (330 mph). The model conducted the flag carrier of Germany’s first intercontinental flight, a journey from Hamburg to New York via Düsseldorf and Shannon.

What led to the formation of the Lockheed Constellation?

The rendezvous led to the formation of the Lockheed Constellation. Notably, Hughes was keen to grab a bigger slice of the market with this aircraft. As a result, he required outright secrecy with the program and asked Lockheed not to sell the plane to any other transcontinental carrier until his airline had 35 units delivered.

How high did the Connie fly?

Connie helped to achieve many groundbreaking feats. For instance, the type became the first commercial plane to fly above 12,500 ft (3,810 m). This aspect helped it conduct the first nonstop coast-to-coast commercial flight.

How tall was the L-1049C?

The L-1049C had a length of 113 ft 7 in (34.62 m), a wingspan of 123 ft (37 m), and a height of 24 ft 9 in (7.54 m). Four Wright R-3350 972-TC-18DA-1 Duplex-Cyclone helped it reach a maximum speed of 330 mph (530 km/h) and range of 4,480 NM (8,280 km / 5,150 mi).

How many L-1049s were built?

At least 18 variants of the L-1049 were designed or planned. 48 units of the L-1049C, the civilian version of the military L-1049B, were produced. A pilot, copilot, navigator, radio operator, and flight engineer made up the five-person crew. Meanwhile, between 47 to 106 passengers could fit in the cabin.

What was the impact of propellers on the aviation industry?

The propeller-driven, four-engine airliner was a revolution in the industry. Following its entry to service, passengers could fly well above poor weather for the first time in aviation history. Therefore, flight operations became safer and easier to coordinate.

What was the secret weapon of TWA?

The Secret Weapon. Having purchased a majority stake in TWA airlines earlier that year, Hughes saw the Constellation as his secret weapon in stealing market share from his competitors. He treated the project with all the subterfuge that secret weapons require.

Why were the Connies used in the Vietnam War?

During the Vietnam War, Connies were flown in elliptical orbit near enemy territory to collect and transmit information on air activity. Constellations were also the first planes to carry rotating radomes, saucer-shaped domes used to protect radar antennas, a technology that is still in use with modern aircraft controlling the skies over the Middle East and with US Customs and Border Protection P-3 s running drug interception missions in the Caribbean today.

What was the Connie designed to do?

As the Connie was designed to change the face of commercial flight —it was as experimental, in some ways, as the early commercial aircraft of the late 1920s—there were issues during its infancy. Lockheed was flexing the limits of piston-engine technology, and the engine’s complex design required maintenance, and sometimes replacement parts, at rates that would be considered unacceptable with the forthcoming introduction of jet airplanes.

How fast was the Connie?

The Connie averaged 331 mph, flying nonstop in six hours, 57 minutes, and 51 seconds on this flight.

What was the Navy’s nickname for the Connies?

By 1948, the Navy was calling in orders for Connies to act as long-range patrol aircraft , nicknamed Po-Boys from the PO-1 designation then in use. In time, Constellations would be used for everything from rescue missions and VIP transports to airborne early warning missions and the mapping of the earth’s magnetic field.

How many passengers can a Lockheed airplane carry?

He hoped to hire Lockheed to design a revolutionary aircraft capable of comfortably shuttling 20 passengers and 6,000 pounds of cargo across the United States, offering commercial aviation’s first coast-to-coast, non-stop service. But the Lockheed team had come to express even grander ambitions.

How fast would the Constellation go?

It would be faster than most World War II fighters at 350 mph.

How did Qantas help the restoration project?

Qantas helped the restoration project by sending teams to Arizona for its restoration. Over the two-year period:

Where is the Lockheed Super Constellation?

An Airworthy Lockheed Super Constellation Lives In Australia. By 2019, there were only two “Connies” that were still airworthy, one owned by Breitling and based in Switzerland and another with the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) in Australia.

What Boeing is John Travolta’s?

Later this year, the museum plans to welcome John Travolta’s Boeing 707.

Where was the super constellation discarded?

It was originally a military aircraft and discarded for scrap metal at Davis Monthan Air Base in Tucson, Arizona in 1977.

Is Lockheed still airworthy?

While the Lockheed Constellation there doesn’t takeoff very often, it is allegedly still airworthy. Aviation vlogger Paul Stewart recently visited Shellharbour Regional Airport (YSHL), about an hour south of Sydney, and captured the following video:

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Why was the Constellation so groundbreaking?

The Constellation would have the first hydraulically boosted power controls , would be faster than the majority of WWII fighter jets and would feature a pressurized cabin to allow the plane to fly above most of the weather disturbances.

What was the impact of the L-1049 Super Constellation on the transatlantic market?

As the development of the Constellation moved forwards, the aircraft got larger and generally slower. However, range improvements and massive jumps in the MTOW made the larger variants popular with airlines. Both the L-1049 Super Constellation and the L-1649 Starliner were instrumental in the development of the transatlantic market, used by carriers on both sides of the pond to make connections between the continents.

What was the Lockheed Constellation?

The Lockheed Constellation – The Plane That Changed The World. The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well. Aside of its unique design and attractive curves, the Connie brought us something which has …

What aircraft had a pressurized cabin?

Photo: Wikimedia. There was one other aircraft that brought with it a pressurized cabin, and that was the Boeing 307. However, when it returned to commercial service after the war, its pressurization systems were disabled.

How many people were sucked out of the Connie?

During the first two years of operation, two people were sucked out of the Connie in flight, and there are numerous tales of people becoming glued to the toilet when pressurization failed. But passengers continued to board Connie.

How many planes were built for the constellation?

At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation. Photo: Wikimedia.

When was the Connie plane introduced?

For many years following introduction with TWA in 1949, Connie was the only passenger aircraft that offered the pressurization needed to fly at high altitudes. But bringing such new technology to pass wasn’t always easy, or safe.

What was the name of the car that the family took their dad to Kennedy Field?

When I was a young pup I remember the whole family getting into the family 1955 Ford sedan to take father to Kennedy field which at that time was called Idlewild. There we put him on the BOAC Stratocruiser for the trip to Britain which was his first long distance business trip. He had himself a helluva time as I remember and acted the tourist which mother was a bit annoyed about having to stay home in Jersey with the kids. He told me about the bunks and the lounge. This was either 1955 or 1956.

Why is the 377 not popular?

Part of the reason that the 377 wasn’t as popular as the Connie or the Douglas props was public perception, too… Lockheed and Douglas built transports. Boeing built BOMBERS.#N#Also (and this has been touched on by a couple of the other posters), the Stratocruiser wasn’t purpose-designed as a passenger transport… it was a commercial derivative of a military transport. Both the L-749 and the DC-6 and their offspring were designed from the outset as transports.#N#I believe that range and load factors were still another reason, and that these were a result of the aircraft’s design shortcomings. However, the 377 -was- the direct ancestor of the model 387-80… the famed "Dash 80" prototype of the 707. So, while the Stratocruiser was not a technological or financial success, its progeny definitely proved it to be a valuable exercise.

What was the B377’s range?

It had a huge range of 4,600 miles, as befits a plane based on a long-range bomber. In comparison, it’s Douglas contemporary was the DC-6, which had a range of 3,000 miles, and the Lockeed L-749 Constellation with a range of 2,600 miles. The B377 was some amazing bird: one of the greatest airliners ever, in brilliance and significance, if not in numbers. It helped stimulate an incredible decade of airliner improvement. In it’s luxury it connected back to the Zeppelin airship and the flying boats – maybe it helped inspire the (also whale-like) A380?

How far did the B377 go?

[The B377] had a huge range of 4,600 miles, as befits a plane based on a long-range bomber. In comparison, it’s Douglas contemporary was the DC-6, which had a range of 3,000 miles, and the Lockeed L-749 Constellation with a range of 2,600 miles.

What was the first airplane to use a double bubble setup?

The Boeing 337 Stratocrusier was a derivative of the C-97, and itself was a derivative of the B-50, which was a more powerful version of the B-29. The airplane was basically a B-50 with a larger fuselage on top of the smaller bomber fuselage, it was the first airplane to use a double bubble setup.#N#The B-337/KC-97 was basically an all electric airplane that used hydraulics for only the brakes and nose wheel steering which was done to save weight.#N#The propellers on the early models were Curtis Electrics with hollow core blades. These blades were responsible for some of the hull loses because they had a tendency to separate in flight, and the whole propeller package itself was never reliable. The US AF eventually changed over the Hamilton Standard Hydramatic propellers, I don’t know if the B-337 operators did change over. While the B-337 did not last long in airline service, the US AF and reserves operated the C-97 and KC -97 into the mid 1970’s#N#The Curtis propellers were much lighter than the Hamilton Standards and that was the reason for the use of them in the original design. All the blade pitch change mechanism was installed in the hub and did not use engine oil for operation.#N#While only 56 B-337’s were built, over 850 C-97/KC-97 were built so it was a very good production run for Boeing. The B-337 and C-97 were almost identical and military pilots could get a FAA B-337 type rating in the C-97.

What prop was feathered on the Puget Sound?

Looks like the #4 prop was feathered on the Puget Sound aircraft.

What aircraft did the flight engineers fly on?

Most of the flight engineers flying time had been on L-1049 and DC-6 aircraft."