c 121 constellation

c 121 constellation插图

The Lockheed C-121 Constellation was themilitary version of the Model 749 Constellation, designed for use as an intercontinental airliner and of the later Super Constellation, with a higher cargo capacity. It was used for an impressively wide range of functions, and in many different versions.

What is a C-121 Constellation?

The C-121 was the military variation of the commercial Model 749 Constellation. Between 1948 and 1955 the U.S. Air Force ordered 150 C-121As for use as cargo/passenger carriers, executive transports, and airborne early warning aircraft.

How many people can a C-121 Super Constellation carry?

Between 1948 and 1955 the USAF ordered 150 C-121As for use as cargo/passenger carriers, executive transports, and airborne early warning aircraft. As a troop carrier they could carry a maximum of 44 passengers. Fifty-five percent of the Super Constellations built by Lockheed were delivered to the U.S. Navy and Air Force.

What happened to the Lockheed C-121 Constellation?

In 1996, Amoco Corporation purchased a lot in Penndel, Pennsylvania, which contained a restaurant topped by a Lockheed C-121 Constellation aircraft. Realizing the historical significance of the plane, Amoco offered the plane to the Air Mobility Command Museum. It was transported to the museum in December of 1997 and is now completely restored.

What was the purpose of the EC 121?

The EC-121, originally designated RC-121, was a radar-picket version of the U.S. Air Force’s C-121 passenger airplane. The EC-121 provided early warning by detecting and tracking enemy aircraft with the electronic gear in the large radomes above and below its fuselage.

What was the VC-121A used for?

The military adapted the plane for its further use in the 1950s and 60s by modifying it for radar and using it as an aerial extension of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, and in aiding in the rescue of downed aircraft in Southeast Asia.

How many constellations are there in the world?

There are 40-50 Constellations worldwide today. Mission. Howard Hughes was one of the driving forces behind the design of the Lockheed Constellation commercial transport. During WWII, the USAAF purchased 22 early- model Constellations which were designated C-69s.

What was the first commercial plane to travel 300 mph?

The Constellation was the first commercial transport plane to travel at 300 mph and was the last of the great American propeller-driven airliners.

Why was the aircraft removed from the top of the restaurant?

Aircraft was removed from atop the restaurant for storage

Where is the C-121C Super Constellation?

C-121C Super Constellation. In 1996, Amoco Corporation purchased a lot in Penndel, Pennsylvania, which contained a restaurant topped by a Lockheed C-121 Constellation aircraft. Realizing the historical significance of the plane, Amoco offered the plane to the Air Mobility Command Museum. It was transported to the museum in December …

Where is Jim Flannery’s restaurant?

to Jim Flannery for use as a cocktail lounge at his restaurant in Penndel, Pennsylvania

Where do old airplanes go?

Where do old airplanes go? The lucky ones go to the Air Mobility Command Museum —the only museum dedicated to airlift and air refueling history!

Why did they build the trails in the Dells?

They built the trails in the Dells with hand tools because they couldn’t get heavy machinery past the boulders. Doing so takes significantly more time and effort.

What happened on March 1 1959?

March 1, 1959, cover of the Arizona Republic with news of the Constellation Crash outside Prescott, Arizona. Courtesy of Newspapers.com. Witnesses driving on state Route 89 told an Arizona Republic reporter that the plane “exploded ‘like an atom bomb’ as it slammed into the ground alongside the highway.”.

How many miles of trail are there in the constellation?

T he Constellation Trails are just a few miles of trail in an area that features 104 miles of city-owned trails, as well as hundreds of additional miles of trail on nearby Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management land.

Where did the Super Connie take a right turn?

Rivenburg and Dachs throttled up their four-radial piston engines and tried to raise the nose as the silver plane made a right turn 2 miles south of the Prescott Municipal Airport. As the turn tightened, the bank steepened and the Super Connie snap rolled into a near-vertical dive.

What was the name of the aircraft that Hughes used to transport the Constellation?

By 1942, the military saw the Constellation as a potential transport, and in 1944 Hughes broke cross-country speed records in the olive-green military version called the C-69. After World War II, TWA bought the military’s C-69s and converted them into commercial aircraft.

What was the role of super constellations in the 1950s?

From the 1950s through the 1970s, Super Constellations crisscrossed the globe as commercial and military workhorses. They saw action in Korea and Vietnam. In addition to hauling troops and cargo, Super Connies ran rescue missions, mapped Earth’s magnetic field, acted as the earliest airborne early warning platforms, hauled scientists to Antarctica, served as the Navy Blue Angels’ support plane, and even became the first Air Force One under President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

What is the tail number of Super Connie?

The crew of the ill-fated Super Connie, tail number 54-4069 , was assigned to Navy logistics support squadron VR-7 at Moffett Field, California. The unit — part of the joint Military Air Transport Service, or MATS — moved people, patients, cargo, and mail throughout the Pacific. As part of the MATS, precursor to Military Airlift Command, the Navy operated and maintained the aircraft that belonged to the Air Force. According to a 1959 Naval Aviation News magazine feature on the unit, VR-7 helped maintain a supply line from California to Asia and the Middle East.

What was the name of the first Lockheed C-121?

President Eisenhower introduced two Lockheed C-121 Constellations (VC-121E) to presidential service. These aircraft were named Columbine II and Columbine III by First Lady Mamie Eisenhower after the columbine, the official state flower of Colorado, her adopted home state.

What was the first commercial plane to travel 300 mph?

The Lockheed Constellation was the first commercial transport plane to travel at 300 mph and was the last of the great American propeller-driven airliners.

How many Texas Towers were built?

On January 11, 1954, the USAF approved the construction of 5 Texas Towers as part of the Air Defense System. Only three were built: Number 2, 3 and 4.

What is a C-121?

The C-121 was the military variation of the commercial Model 749 Constellation. Between 1948 and 1955 the U.S. Air Force ordered 150 C-121As for use as cargo/passenger carriers, executive transports, and airborne early warning aircraft. The plane also saw service with the U.S. Navy.

How many passengers can a troop carrier carry?

As a troop carrier the aircraft could carry a maximum of 44 passengers.

When was Texas Tower 4 destroyed?

Texas Tower #4 suffered severe structural damage during Hurrican Donna in September 1960 and, before repairs could be completed, was destroyed by a winter storm on January 15, 1961. Twenty-eight airmen and civilian contractors died when the platform collapsed.

When was the EC-121 used?

Numerous airborne early warning versions were also constructed as the EC-121 Warning Star. The military adapted the plane for its further use in the 1950s and 60s by modifying it for radar and using it as an aerial extension of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, and in aiding in the rescue of downed aircraft in Southeast Asia.

Where is the Lockheed EC-121D constellation?

DAYTON, Ohio – Lockheed EC-121D Constellation in the Southeast Asia War Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock)

Where is the Lockheed EC-121D?

DAYTON, Ohio – Lockheed EC-121D Constellation (interior view) in the Southeast Asia War Gallery at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ken LaRock) PHOTO DETAILS / DOWNLOAD HI-RES 25 of 47.

What is the EC 121?

The EC-121, originally designated RC-121, was a radar-picket version of the U.S. Air Force’s C-121 passenger airplane. The EC-121 provided early warning by detecting and tracking enemy aircraft with the electronic gear in the large radomes above and below its fuselage.

Why is the Triple Nickel aircraft called Triple Nickel?

aircraft to aerial refueling tankers, and guided rescue planes to downed pilots. The aircraft on display was nicknamed Triple Nickel because of its serial number (53-555). On Oct. 24, 1967, over the Gulf of Tonkin, it guided a U.S. fighter into position to destroy a MiG-21. This action marked the first time a weapons controller aboard an airborne radar aircraft had ever directed a successful attack on an enemy plane. Triple Nickel came to the museum in 1971.

How many EC-121s were ordered?

The Air Force ordered 82 EC-121s between 1951 and 1955, 72 of which were EC-121Ds. The EC-121 entered service with the Air Defense Command in 1953, flying patrols off the U.S. coasts as an aerial extension of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line.

What was the name of the aircraft that MacArthur named after?

He named the aircraft Bataan after a peninsula in the Philippines. Bataan was the last stronghold of MacArthur’s American forces defending the islands against the Japanese in 1942.

What was the C-121A used for?

The cargo interiors were removed, extra windows were added, and weather radar was fitted to the nose, resulting in the familiar, more pointed nose. The C-121A was the first type in USAF service to be fitted with weather radar.

What is the name of the spacecraft that was refitted?

Re-designated as NASA 422, the airplane was refitted with banks of sophisticated computers, tracking equipment, and communications gear used to calibrate the many air and ground based tracking and communications relay stations around the globe used to keep in constant contact with orbiting spacecraft.

How many aircraft were involved in the Berlin Airlift?

Within a short time, eight of the aircraft, including Bataan, were involved in the Berlin Airlift, making almost continuous Atlantic crossings delivering cargo to England or Frankfurt, Germany, for onward transport. Their long range was a big factor; the eight flew over 5 million miles during the Airlift.

Where is Bataan now?

"Bataan" is now back at Planes of Fame Air Museum in Chino, CA for a full restoration. This is a black & white USAF photo of General MacArthur’s VC-121A Constellation in Korea in 1950.

Where is the Lockheed VC-121A?

In January 2016, the "Bataan" was flown to Planes of Fame Air Museum in Chino, CA for restoration by Fighter Rebuilders.

Where is the Planes of Fame Air Museum?

The Planes of Fame Air Museum acquired the aircraft over 20 years ago and operated it for a short time before putting it on display at our Valle, AZ location. The sale of this aircraft will help advance our mission of preserving aviation history, inspiring interest in aviation, educating the public and honoring aviation pioneers and veterans.