18 th Century
History of AntliaAntliaAntlia is a constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere. Its name means pump in Latin; it represents an air pump. Originally Antlia Pneumatica, the constellation was established by Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century, though its name was later abbreviated by John H…en.wikipedia.orgConstellation The discovery of Antlia dates back to18 th Centurywhen Abb Nicolas Louis de LacailleNicolas-Louis de LacailleAbb Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, formerly sometimes spelled de la Caille, was a French astronomer who named 14 out of the 88 constellations. From 1750-1754 he studied the sky at the Cape of Good Hope in present day South Africa. Lacaille observed over 10,000 stars using …en.wikipedia.org,a French astronomer created and catalogued it along with 13 more constellations. These constellations were introduced for filling a void in different faint areas in the southern sky.
Is Antlia a big constellation?
Antlia – Constellation Facts. Antlia is a very small constellation and is 62nd in size. It was created and listed (along with 13 other constellations) in the 18th century by Abb Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, who was a French astronomer. It can only be viewed in the Southern hemisphere and is located between latitudes of +45 and -90.
Why is the constellation called Antlia pneumatica?
It was originally named Antlia Pneumatica to commemorate the invention of the air pump by French physicist Denis Papin. Lacaille depicted it as a single-cylinder vacuum pump used in Papin’s experiments. Later, German astronomer Johann Bode depicted the constellation as a more advanced double-cylinder pump.
What is the history of Antlia in Italy?
Although Antlia has no mythology surrounding it, it does have a some fascinating history. Named after a French physicist, Denis Papin, Antlia was named for his invention of the air pump (Antlia pneumatica). This configuration of stars represents the single-cylinder pump that Papin used in the 1670’s for his experiments.
Where can I see Antlia in the northern hemisphere?
Northern Hemisphere Antlia bares appears in the northern hemisphere as far north as London. If you want to see it, you would need to go south of London. The only major starfrom Antlia is Alpha Antliae which only appears in April / May time.
Why is the constellation Antlia called Antlia?
Its name is an ancient Greek word for “the pump.”. The constellation was originally named Antlia Pneumatica, to commemorate the invention of the air pump, which it represents. Antlia was created and catalogued by the French astronomer Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century, along with 13 other constellations introduced by Lacaille …
Why is Antlia named after the constellation?
There is a story behind the naming of this quirky constellation — Antlia was originally named antlia pneumatica by French astronomer Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, in honor of the invention of the air pump in the 17th century. Image: Hubble/European Space Agency and NASA.
How many galaxies are in the Antlia cluster?
Antlia Cluster, image: Atlas of the Universe (CC BY-SA 3.0) The Antlia Cluster contains about 234 galaxies and is dominated by two massive elliptical galaxies, NGC 3258 and NGC 3268. The northern subgroup of galaxies inside the cluster gravitates around NGC 3268, while the southern subgroup is centered on NGC 3258.
What are the members of the Antlia Cluster?
Members of the Antlia Cluster include the massive elliptical galaxies NGC 3258 and NGC 3268, the elliptical galaxy NGC 3260, the lenticular galaxies NGC 3269 and NGC 3267, the spiral galaxy NGC 3281, and the barred spiral NGC 3271, the brightest spiral galaxy in the cluster.
What are the constellations in Lacaille named after?
Lacaille’s constellations are mostly named after scientific instruments and there are no myths attached to them. Notable deep sky objects in Antlia include the Antlia Dwarf Galaxy, the Antlia Cluster of Galaxies, the spiral galaxies NGC 3244 and IC 2560, the unbarred spiral NGC 2997, and the interacting pair IC 2545.
How far away is the Antlia galaxy?
The Antlia Dwarf, sometimes also referred to as the Antlia Dwarf Galaxy, is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy located about 4.3 million light years from Earth. It is a very faint object, with an apparent magnitude of 16.2. The galaxy was not discovered until 1997.
How many stars are in Antlia?
Antlia has two stars with known planets, HD 93083 (spectral class K2V) and WASP-66 (F4V). There are no meteor showers associated with Antlia. The constellation does not contain any Messier objects. Antlia contains one formally named star.
How many stars are in Antlia?
There are 4 stars that make up the main constellation. The hipparcos satellite scanned and detailed 688 stars. There are 49 stars that can be seen with the naked eye in the constellation on a very clear night sky. Antlia is not a member of the Zodiac group of twelve constellations that appear when the Sun sets.
What is the name of the constellation that is the 62nd largest in terms of size in the night sky?
Antlia is the 62nd largest in terms of size in the night sky. The constellation name means Air Pump . It was not one of the original constellations that had been devised by Ptolemy, instead it was created by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille years later. There are 4 stars that make up the main constellation.
What is the furthest star in Antlia?
HIP 47907, Antlia’s Furthest Star. The furthest star that is located in the constellation is HIP 47907 and it is 163081.7 light years away from the Sun. The furthest figure is derived from either the 1997 or 2007 Hipparcos star catalogue parallax figure and it has been known to produce distances that are wrong.
How many degrees does Antlia take up?
The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Antlia takes up 238.901 sq. degrees of the night sky which equates to 0.58% of the night sky.
Why can’t you go to one location and arrive at the constellation?
You can’t just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The nearest main star in the constellation is at a distance of 190.07 light years and the furthest main star is a distance of 710.60 light years. The average distance to the main stars is …
How many extrasolar planets are there in Antlia?
There are 4 Extrasolar Planets (Exoplanets) in this constellation that are detailed on this site. There is a dedicated page for exoplanets in Antlia.
What is the equator of the zodiac?
The Celestial Equator is the projection of the terrestrial equator into space. The Ecliptic is the path that the Earth takes round the Sun. The Earth is titled at 23.44° which is why the two differ. The Zodiac constellations are based on the Ecliptic.
What is the Greek Mythological Significance of Antlia Constellation?
Lacaille’s constellations are almost named after some scientific instruments. In the old days, Antlia was considered too faint to be included in ancient Greek constellations; therefore, it has no myths attached to it.
How to Find Antlia Constellation?
Some famous constellations surround Antlia and if you find them, you will easily locate Antlia. The information is discussed ahead:
What Type of Telescope if best for Viewing Antlia Constellation?
The Antlia constellation is extremely faint and can hardly be seen from ordinary telescopes. It requires modern telescopes like NASA/ESA Hubble space telescope to locate the Antlia constellation, and other fainted constellations quickly.
What was the name of the star that Lacaille discovered?
Lacaille stayed at Cape of Good Hope for two years where he witnessed and catalogued around 10,000 stars in the southern region which resulted in the creation of Antlia and other thirteen constellations. In Lacaille’s depiction, the Antlia was like a vacuum pump of single-cylinder which was used in the initial experiments of Papin’s. At the same time, Johann Bode, a German astronomer gave its double-cylinder version.
Why is Antlia considered a faint constellation?
Antlia is considered a “faint” constellation because the stars in this constellation are not very bright. The brightest star is “Alpha Antliae”. It belongs to the Lacaille clan of the constellation. The brown dwarf is the nearest star in Antlia which has the distance of only 13.15 light-years from Earth.
How many square degrees are there in the Antlia constellation?
The Antlia Constellation has an area of 238.901 square degrees.
Where is Hydra in the sky?
Hydra is to Antlia’s north, Pyxis to its west, Vela to its south, and Centaurus to the east. This constellation group gets prominent in late spring and winter, and you can quickly locate them in the southern sky.
Who founded the Antlia constellation?
The Antlia constellation is one of fourteen constellations discovered by Frenchman Nicolas Lacaille. It’s full name was actually originally Antlia Pneumatica, obviously after the pneumatic air pump. However later down the line, this name was shortened simply to Antlia, which was a much better option for the constellation.
How can I see Antlia in the sky?
Although it’s definitely more visible from the South, it’s still possible to see this constellation in the Northern hemisphere. The best time of year to see Antlia is definitely during the Spring time.
What is the name of the faint star in the constellation Iota Antliae?
Iota Antliae (ι) – Another faint star in this constellation is known as Iota Antilae. It’s an evolved red clump giant star which has 12x the radius of our Sun and 1.5x it’s mass. It’s also more than 3 billion years old.
What type of star is the main sequence star?
The main star is an F-type main sequence star. As well as these stars, you’ll also find the NGC 2997 Nebula in the Antlia constellation too. It’s also an unbarred spiral galaxy. The galaxy is approximately 40 million light years away from us.
Where is the NGC 2997?
As well as these stars, you’ll also find the NGC 2997 Nebula in the Antlia constellation too. It’s also an unbarred spiral galaxy. The galaxy is approximately 40 million light years away from us.
Why is Antlia named after Denis Papin?
Named after a French physicist, Denis Papin, Antlia was named for his invention of the air pump (Antlia pneumatica). This configuration of stars represents the single-cylinder pump that Papin used in the 1670’s for his experiments.
What is the name of the Bautz-Morgan type III cluster?
Antlia Cluster (Abell S0636): is a rare type of cluster called a, Bautz-Morgan type III cluster. Although it is located as close as 32 million light-years away, this cluster has not been thoroughly investigated; however, astronomers do known the Antlia Cluster is dominated by two massive elliptical galaxies; NGC 3258 and NGC 3268.
How far away is Antlia Dwarf?
Antlia Dwarf (PGC 29194): also referred to as the ‘Antlia Dwarf Galaxy,’ it is approximately 4.3 million light-years away and is considered a dwarf spheroidal galaxy. It is very faint in appearance and was not even discovered until 1997.
How far is NGC 2997?
NGC 2997 (ESO 434- G 35, PGC 27978): this unbarred spiral galaxy has well-defined arms extending from its center. It is around 24.8 million light-years away and has giant hot clouds of ionized hydrogen surrounding its nucleus.
How old is Alpha Antlia?
It is thought to be around a billion years-old and is located 365 light-years away.
How far away is Iota Antliae?
Iota Antliae is also classified as an orange K-type giant that sits around 199 light-years in distance.
Where is Antlia located?
Antlia is 239 square degrees in size and can be found in the second quadrant of the Southern hemisphere. Antlia has only one star with known planets and does not contain any Messiers or meteor showers.
What constellations have no myths?
All constellation introduced by Lacaille have no myths. Most of them are named after scientific instruments. John Herschel later abbreviated the Antlia Pneumatica name to Antlia. The name Antlia Pneumatica was given in 1756 by Lacaille.
What is the name of the constellation that is closer to the Milky Way?
The stars are brighter than the fifth magnitude. Despite the brightness, Antlia is only visible around February only . This constellation lies closer to the Milky Way plane and contains a few deep sky objects. This constellation was named Antlia Pneumatica as a way of commemorating the invitation of the air pump.
Why is the constellation Antlia Pneumatica named?
This constellation was named Antlia Pneumatica as a way of commemorating the invitation of the air pump. History.
What is the NGC 3132?
This is a bright planetary nebula which can be seen near the Vela constellation border. The NGC 3132 appears to be a misty elliptical. This sky object has a full magnitude that is brighter than the known Ring Nebula in the Lyra constellation. The Antlia constellation also has the NGC 2997 sky object.
How far is the Antliae from Earth?
This Antliae is approximately 900 light years from the earth. Other Antliae in the Antlia constellation include the Eta, a double composed yellow-white star. The U Antliae a red C-type start that is irregular variable. The U Antliae ranges between 5.27 and 6.04 magnitudes.
What is the name of the triple star in the constellation Antlia?
Another star in the Antlia constellation is the Delta Antliae. The Delta is a triple star. It is the primary component of the spectroscopic binary and is classified as the blue-white type-B dwarf in the sequence. Delta Antliae is approximately 420 light years from the earth and has a magnitude of 5.6.
What is the name of the galaxy in Antlia?
Antlia occupies an area of about 239 square degrees. Its 62nd and size and located second quadrant. The neighboring constellations are the Vela, Centaurus, and hydra. It contains other sky objects like the Spiral galaxy NGC 2997, which is sometimes referred to us as the ESO 434-G 35. This sky object appears like a nucleus. The ESO 434-G 35 lies approximately 24.8 million light years from our planet earth and appear in the midst of a hot giant clouds chain.
What is the brightest star in the constellation Antlia?
Antlia is an extremely faint constellation with no stars brighter than magnitude 4. The brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Antilae with a visual magnitude of 4.28. It is an orange giant star located approximately 365 light years from Earth. The second brightest star is Epsilon Antilae with a magnitude of only 4.51. It is also an orange giant star that lies 700 light years from our Solar System. The third brightest star is Iota Antilae with a magnitude of 4.60. It is another orange giant star located about 199 light years away.
Where is the air pump located?
The constellation Antlia, the air pump, is located in the southern hemisphere of the sky. It can be seen at latitudes between 45 degrees and -90 degrees from January through March. It is a small constellation covering an area of 239 square degrees. It ranks 62nd in size among the 88 constellations in the night sky. It is bordered by the constellations Centaurus, Hydra, Pyxis, and Vela. Antlia occupies a mostly empty region of the sky and contains only faint stars. It requires a lot of imagination to see an air pump in this area.
Is Antlia a Messier galaxy?
Antlia contains no Messier object s but there are a few interesting deep-sky objects. The Antlia Dwarf is a spheroidal galaxy located approximately 4.3 million light years from our solar system. NGC 2997 is an unbarred spiral galaxy known as a grand design galaxy. This means that it has clearly-defined spiral arms that extend around it. Only ten percent of spiral galaxies are grand designs. The Antlia Cluster is a cluster of about 234 individual galaxies. These objects are extremely faint and can only be seen with large telescopes.