TheLockheed Constellationwas the first commercial transport plane to travel at 300 mph and was the last of the great American propeller-driven airliners.
What is a Lockheed Constellation?
The triple tailed Lockheed Constellation, or “Connie” as it is affectionately referred to by pilots and airline enthusiasts, has been the subject of many excellent models. The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models.
What was the first airline to fly the constellation?
It was Pan American World Airways that first put the Constellation into commercial service on January 3, 1946 on a New York to Bermuda run. This is ironic because Howard Hughes and his airline TWA (Transcontinental and Western Air), had put so much into the design and development of the airplane in its beginning.
When did the Connie constellation come out?
The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models. The Constellation was designed in the late 1930s, and first flown in January of 1943. WW II prevented the Connie from going into commercial service.
What kind of plane is a constellation 1049?
By 1951, the much-beloved Model 1049 Super Constellation was unveiled, boasting unheard-of refinements, such as air conditioning, reclining seats, and extra lavatories. It was a plane ahead of its time, at least twice as fuel efficient as the industry’s first jets and as efficient as many of today’s modern aircraft.
Why was the Constellation so groundbreaking?
The Constellation would have the first hydraulically boosted power controls , would be faster than the majority of WWII fighter jets and would feature a pressurized cabin to allow the plane to fly above most of the weather disturbances.
What was the impact of the L-1049 Super Constellation on the transatlantic market?
As the development of the Constellation moved forwards, the aircraft got larger and generally slower. However, range improvements and massive jumps in the MTOW made the larger variants popular with airlines. Both the L-1049 Super Constellation and the L-1649 Starliner were instrumental in the development of the transatlantic market, used by carriers on both sides of the pond to make connections between the continents.
What was the Lockheed Constellation?
The Lockheed Constellation – The Plane That Changed The World. The Lockheed Constellation was a groundbreaking aircraft in so many ways. It put the otherwise small player Lockheed on the commercial aviation map and played an important role in WWII as well. Aside of its unique design and attractive curves, the Connie brought us something which has …
What aircraft had a pressurized cabin?
Photo: Wikimedia. There was one other aircraft that brought with it a pressurized cabin, and that was the Boeing 307. However, when it returned to commercial service after the war, its pressurization systems were disabled.
How many people were sucked out of the Connie?
During the first two years of operation, two people were sucked out of the Connie in flight, and there are numerous tales of people becoming glued to the toilet when pressurization failed. But passengers continued to board Connie.
How many planes were built for the constellation?
At the height of her popularity, airlines all over the world operated the Constellation. More than 800 aircraft were built in total, with operators including Pan Am, Air France, BOAC, KLM, Qantas, Lufthansa and TAP Portugal. A Lufthansa Super Constellation. Photo: Wikimedia.
When was the Connie plane introduced?
For many years following introduction with TWA in 1949, Connie was the only passenger aircraft that offered the pressurization needed to fly at high altitudes. But bringing such new technology to pass wasn’t always easy, or safe.
What was the secret weapon of TWA?
The Secret Weapon. Having purchased a majority stake in TWA airlines earlier that year, Hughes saw the Constellation as his secret weapon in stealing market share from his competitors. He treated the project with all the subterfuge that secret weapons require.
Why were the Connies used in the Vietnam War?
During the Vietnam War, Connies were flown in elliptical orbit near enemy territory to collect and transmit information on air activity. Constellations were also the first planes to carry rotating radomes, saucer-shaped domes used to protect radar antennas, a technology that is still in use with modern aircraft controlling the skies over the Middle East and with US Customs and Border Protection P-3 s running drug interception missions in the Caribbean today.
What was the Connie designed to do?
As the Connie was designed to change the face of commercial flight —it was as experimental, in some ways, as the early commercial aircraft of the late 1920s—there were issues during its infancy. Lockheed was flexing the limits of piston-engine technology, and the engine’s complex design required maintenance, and sometimes replacement parts, at rates that would be considered unacceptable with the forthcoming introduction of jet airplanes.
How fast was the Connie?
The Connie averaged 331 mph, flying nonstop in six hours, 57 minutes, and 51 seconds on this flight.
What was the Navy’s nickname for the Connies?
By 1948, the Navy was calling in orders for Connies to act as long-range patrol aircraft , nicknamed Po-Boys from the PO-1 designation then in use. In time, Constellations would be used for everything from rescue missions and VIP transports to airborne early warning missions and the mapping of the earth’s magnetic field.
How many passengers can a Lockheed airplane carry?
He hoped to hire Lockheed to design a revolutionary aircraft capable of comfortably shuttling 20 passengers and 6,000 pounds of cargo across the United States, offering commercial aviation’s first coast-to-coast, non-stop service. But the Lockheed team had come to express even grander ambitions.
How fast would the Constellation go?
It would be faster than most World War II fighters at 350 mph.
How long was the Connie flight from Kansas City to SBD?
The other three crew members were enjoying the view from the cabin. It was a beautiful day for a cross country flight. The sky was clear and the visibility was great for the entire 5 hours and 48 minutes from MKC to SBD. The Connie cruised at 10,000 feet above Wichita and Albuquerque, and over the continental divide. Then it was on to Prescott and Winslow. Shortly thereafter, the descent was made into the always busy Los Angeles basin. The crew reported amazing visibility and excellent sight-seeing for the entire trip. The Connie arrived at SBD a full 10 minutes ahead of the planned arrival time.
What was the transformation of Kansas City?
Once in Kansas City, the transformation from a drab, worn out bug sprayer to a beautiful ‘Queen of the Skies’ began. Kansas City was probably the only place in the world that this transformation could have taken place. It was a classic example of “the right time and the right place”. There was a core of then current and retired TWA employees in Kansas City. All disciplines including pilots, flight engineers, mechanics, hostesses, etc. were represented. Had the members of SAC waited, it most likely would had been too late to find this kind of aircraft in restorable condition, or to salvage the parts needed from other Connies. This talented pool of retirees, who knew these planes well, led the way.
What was the paint used on the Connie?
Production company technicians “painted out” some of the lettering on the Connie. This was in keeping with their research on the way things were circa 1946. They sprayed on a water soluble white paint then coated it with wax to make it shiny. Among other changes, they painted out the “Super G” logo and took the “s” from the end of Trans World Airlines. A huge sunlight diffuser was constructed and hung over the Connie by a large crane during filming.
What movie did Connie appear in?
The Connie most recently appeared in “The Aviator”, which was the 2004 Martin Scorsese movie depicting the early years of legendary director and aviator Howard Hughes’ career, from the late 1920s to the mid-1940s starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Beckinsale, and Cate Blanchett. HISTORY. Current registration – N6937C.
How much was Paul Pristo’s 1985 auction?
Sale to Paul Pristo at the Globe Air Auction at Mesa, AZ October 1985 for $4,000
How many engines are in the AHM?
All four engines have been regularly run and AHM is adopting a new maintenance program to allow aircraft to once again be airworthy.
When was the N6937C restored?
N6937C. By the spring of 1986, Save A Connie, Inc. (SAC) was ready to move forward with the project to restore N6937C (37 Charlie) to a flyable condition. After nine weeks and nearly 4,000 man-hours, SAC volunteers made this plane flyable again. On July 15, 1986 , Star of America left Falcon Field, headed for Kansas City’s Downtown Airport (MKC).
What is a super G?
The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models. The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines. However, soon after the plane’s introduction, it became clear that jet airliners were the future.
What is the 1049G?
The 1049G "Super G" was the most successful version of the Super Constellations and one of the last great piston-engine airliners. For long range operations, the Super G could be fitted with extra wingtip tanks, increasing the fuel capacity by two-thirds more than the original Connie models.
When was the Lockheed Constellation made?
The elegant Lockheed Constellation was born from requirements put forth in 1939 by Howard Hughes for Transcontinental and Western Air (TWA) Lines. The first version, Model 49, flew in January 1943 with Eddie Allen (on loan from Boeing) at the controls.
When did the TCA aircraft come to the museum?
The Museum eventually acquired the aircraft in 2005. Following extensive restoration to its original appearance in TCA colors in Rome, New York, it was trucked to the Museum’s main campus in Seattle in 2009.
When was the first flight of the G model constellation?
The first flight of the G-model Constellation was on December 7, 1954, and it was introduced to commercial service by Northwest Airlines on July 1, 1955. The Super G was a popular choice among the airlines, with 42 being flown by domestic carriers and 59 by foreign airlines.
What was the VC-121A used for?
The military adapted the plane for its further use in the 1950s and 60s by modifying it for radar and using it as an aerial extension of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, and in aiding in the rescue of downed aircraft in Southeast Asia.
How many constellations are there in the world?
There are 40-50 Constellations worldwide today. Mission. Howard Hughes was one of the driving forces behind the design of the Lockheed Constellation commercial transport. During WWII, the USAAF purchased 22 early- model Constellations which were designated C-69s.
What was the first commercial plane to travel 300 mph?
The Constellation was the first commercial transport plane to travel at 300 mph and was the last of the great American propeller-driven airliners.
Why was the aircraft removed from the top of the restaurant?
Aircraft was removed from atop the restaurant for storage
Where is the C-121C Super Constellation?
C-121C Super Constellation. In 1996, Amoco Corporation purchased a lot in Penndel, Pennsylvania, which contained a restaurant topped by a Lockheed C-121 Constellation aircraft. Realizing the historical significance of the plane, Amoco offered the plane to the Air Mobility Command Museum. It was transported to the museum in December …
Where is Jim Flannery’s restaurant?
to Jim Flannery for use as a cocktail lounge at his restaurant in Penndel, Pennsylvania
Where do old airplanes go?
Where do old airplanes go? The lucky ones go to the Air Mobility Command Museum —the only museum dedicated to airlift and air refueling history!
Why Was The Lockheed Constellation so Successful?
Compared with aircraft of a comparable size and specifications, such as the Boeing 377, it was incredibly successful!
Why did Lockheed choose the Constellation?
Primarily, this was due to the Constellation’s low operating costs for the time.
What was the name of the Lockheed Constellation?
The Lockheed Constellation was Lockheed’s most successful passenger airliner. When the “Connie” as it was nicknamed, was introduced, it was among the largest aircraft of its time.
How many crashes did the Connie have?
However, when you go deeper, you’ll realize that by modern standards, the Constellation was actually one of the most dangerous aircraft ever! Throughout its entire service life, the Connie had 162 crashes!
What was the most famous long range aircraft?
Instead, they were something called flying boats, with the most famous being the Boeing 314 Clipper.
How many aircraft did Eisenhower use?
After much deliberation, President Eisenhower and First Lady Mamie Eisenhower decided on a fleet of four aircraft for different uses.
Why did European airlines become interested in the constellation?
Due to their service in the war, many European airlines became interested in the Constellation. Over time, some of the oldest and largest airlines in the world (at the time) operated fleets of Constellations.
What aircraft did Lockheed convert to passenger carrying?
When the war was over, Lockheed began to convert Military C-69s into passenger carrying airliners. This was no small task as the C-69 was a whole different animal from what was to become a commercial Lockheed 049 Constellation.
What scale is Schaarschmidt?
Most of the models were cast aluminum made in two pieces consisting of a solid fuselage and a separate one-piece wing. 1/100 th scale being the most popular. A very unique thing about Schaarschmidt was that, for some reason, they made many models with a solid aluminum fuselage and hollow “sheet metal wings”.
When was the Connie designed?
The Connie is such a beautiful design, that models of the aircraft are more like “artwork” than just simply models. The Constellation was designed in the late 1930s, and first flown in January of 1943. WW II prevented the Connie from going into commercial service. During the War, the Military was interested in the airplane …
Did Lockheed build a super constellation?
As a result, the Lockheed factory did not build any big metal Super Constellation models. They did however, build resin models of military Super Connies and special protypes. Most of these were in the 1/72 nd to 1/60 th scale, and they made some desk models that were about 8 or 9 inches long.
Who made the 1649 model?
It is interesting to note that Sterling Riffe, owner of Riffe Models in Kansas City MO, used a 1/60 th scale resin Lockheed factory 1649 model as a foundry pattern to cast the aluminum 1649 models he made for TWA and Air France in the late 50s.
Where is Lockheed built?
The Lockheed factory itself, built early in-house concept and promotional models at its’ facilities in Burbank CA. These models were big (usually around 1/43rd scale or larger), and made of wood. These models could be found around the plant in engineering and executive offices.
When did the Constellation come into service?
It was Pan American World Airways that first put the Constellation into commercial service on January 3, 1946 on a New York to Bermuda run.
What is the name of the artist who painted the Connie airplane?
Inside each Connie airplane’s Starlight Lounge (a pre-dinner spot for cocktails and canapes with gold leather banquettes!) was one of artist Mario Zamparelli ‘s 8-by-4-foot murals, depicting 25 destinations from Bangkok to Boston.
When did Connie N8083H retire?
After five years, she was dumped from that job, too. Back at her ex employer, TWA retired all Connie propliners in 1967, leaving a booklet titled Props Are For Boats on every passenger seat.
When did the TWA 707 retire?
She managed to hang on for two years, but the 707 forced the propliner into commercial retirement with a final flight on December 20, 1960. TWA Hotel’s Connie in Prestwick, Scotland in May 1962; photo by Iain C. MacKay. A SERIES OF SUITORS.
Where did Connie go in 1981?
A year later, Airborne Enterprises restored and flew her to Anchorage, Seattle, and finally to Chandler, Arizona in 1981. There, Connie ventured into the weeds. TWA Hotel’s Connie in Honduras in November 1985; photo by LBJ Dekker. GREENER GRASS.
When was Connie sold at the TWA?
TWA Hotel’s Connie at Tucson International Airport in September 1981 ; photo by Bob Groenendijk. Going, going, gone: Connie N8083H sold to the highest bidder — Gerald McNamara, for a mere $150 — at a May 24, 1979 auction, according to ConnieSurvivors.com.
Who is the artist that painted the TWA hotel?
TWA Hotel’s Connie had a Maric Zamparelli mural inside her cabin. TWA Hotel’s Connie had a Maric Zamparelli mural inside her cabin. Baseball great Willie Mays and his wife, Margherite, traveled by Jetstream from NYC in 1958.
Who bought Connie N8083H?
Aiming to fly an L-1649A cross-country, the charity Deutsche Lufthansa Berlin-Stiftung launched the Super Star Project, buying Connie N8083H and two other Starliners at a 2007 auction. Our Connie parted with her flaps, engine and rudder in hopes of helping her comrade fly again.