Popularly known as the “Tres Marias” (The Three Marias) in Tagalog,Magbangal in Bukidnon,and Seretar in Teduray,Balatikis composed of perfectly aligned and evenly spaced stars which act as the “belt” of the constellation of Orion (the Hunter which is observable in the night sky during the month of October to May).
What is the meaning of Las Tres Marias?
In Latin America, the belt stars are known as Las Tres Maras (Spanish) or As Trs Marias (Portuguese), meaning the Three Marys. In Puerto Rico and the Philippines, the stars are called Los Tres Reyes Magos, referring to the Three Kings or the Biblical Magi who visited baby Jesus.
What are the different constellations in the Philippines?
Here are some of the constellations and asterisms commonly known in the Philippines. “Tres Marias” (The Three Marias) in Tagalog, “Magbangal” in Bukidnon, and “Seretar” in Teduray, “Balatik” is composed of perfectly aligned and evenly spaced stars which act as the belt of the constellation of Orion.
What are the three main stars in the Orion constellation?
It is formed by three bright stars in the constellation Orion: Mintaka (Delta Orionis), Alnilam (Epsilon Orionis), and Alnitak (Zeta Orionis). Orion’s Belt: Alnitak, Alnilam, and Mintaka, are the bright bluish stars from east to west (left to right) along the diagonal in this gorgeous cosmic vista.
Why are the stars called Los Tres Reyes Magos?
In Puerto Rico and the Philippines, the stars are called Los Tres Reyes Magos, referring to the Three Kings or the Biblical Magi who visited baby Jesus.
The three bright stars that form the Orion’s Belt are Alnitak, Alnilam, and Mintaka. The stars are believed to have formed from the same nebula in Orion constellation, and they are roughly the same age.
Orion constellation can easily be found in the sky from November to February. For observers in the northern hemisphere, the constellation lies in the southwestern sky. For those in southern latitudes, Orion can be seen in the northwestern sky and appears to be standing on his head.
The shape of different constellations and asterisms changes over time as a result of stars not being stationary and moving through space, but the three stars of the Orion’s Belt share the same origin and have the same proper motion, which means that they travel together, with the asterism retaining a similar shape over the centuries.
A similar correspondence was discovered in the ruins of the ancient city of Teotihuacán, which lies 35 miles to the northeast of Mexico City. Two large pyramids and a temple, believed to have been built in the 2nd century BC, point directly to the Orion’s Belt and their layout mimics that of the three belt stars.
Naming the Stars in our own Tongue
Thanks to Dr. Dante L. Ambrosio – who championed the study of the link between astronomy and ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines (known as Ethnoastronomy) – we have been given an expansive view of how stars also governed the life of our ancestors.
Stories Written in the Night Sky
Balatik and Moroporo can be seen in the Cotabato myth of Tiruray, where they represent the six followers of the hero Lagey Lingkuwos who guided the people of Tiruray on when they will conduct their Kaingin and planting of rice. Moreover, the six characters in the story as constellation were also used by the people of Tiruray in their calendar.
Lesser Known Stars (But of Greater Purpose)
Dr. Ambrosio found other constellations used by various ethnic groups. The Tagalogs had a constellation called Talang Batugan (“Lazy”), named for its characteristic of slow motion, large size and low brightness and usually known as a guiding star for shepherds.
Stars and Man
History tells us that the people of our ancient past had a very strong connection to all the elements that composed nature; from the movement of animals, changes in the color of the sky, and plants. This gave them an uncanny wisdom to make meaning out of their lives by providing order and understanding in the environment surrounding them.
Facts, location and map
Orion is the 26th constellation in size, occupying an area of 594 square degrees. It is one of the 15 equatorial constellations. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +85° and -75°. The neighboring constellations are Eridanus, Gemini, Lepus, Monoceros and Taurus.
In Greek mythology, the hunter Orion was the most handsome of men. He was the son of the sea god Poseidon and Euryale, the daughter of King Minos of Crete. In Homer’s Odyssey, Orion is described as exceptionally tall and armed with an unbreakable bronze club.
Major stars in Orion
Rigel is the brightest star in the constellation. With an apparent magnitude of 0.18, it is also the sixth brightest star in the sky. Even though it does not have the designation alpha, it is almost always brighter than Betelgeuse, Alpha Orionis. Rigel is really a star system composed of three stars.
Deep sky objects in Orion
The Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, or simply the Orion Complex, is comprised of a large group of dark clouds, bright emission and reflection nebulae, dark nebulae, H II regions (large clouds showing recent star forming activity) and young stars in the constellation Orion. The Orion Complex is between 1,500 and 1,600 light years distant.