uss constellation 1854

uss constellation 1854插图

USS ConstellationUSS ConstellationUSS Constellation was a nominally rated 38-gun wooden-hulled, three-masted frigate of the United States Navy. She was named by George Washington to reflect a principle of the United States Constitution She was built under the direction of David Stodder at his naval shipyard o… For other ships with the same name, see USS Constellation. USS Constellation is asloop-of-war, the last sail-only warship designed and built by the United States Navy. She was built in 1854, using a small amount of material salvaged from the frigate USS Constellation, which had been disassembled the year before.

What is a constellation ship?

She is now preserved as a museum ship in Baltimore, Maryland, and is a National Historic Landmark. For over 200 years, Constellation ships have navigated the world’s oceans defending America’s interests. In 1797, the USF frigate Constellation was commissioned. This frigate’s name originated from the flag of the Continental Congress.

Where can I visit the USS Constellation?

USS Constellation’s Museum Gallery and vessel are located at Pier 1 in Baltimore’s Inner Harbor. Here, you can hop aboard to take a tour, talk to a crewmember, participate in the Parrott rifle drill, or see what’s cooking in the galley. Additionally, the Constellation participates in educational and overnight programs for all ages.

What kind of wood were the decks of the USS Constellation?

Her decks were yellow pine, masts and spars white pine or spruce. Historic Ships of Baltimore thanks Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval Historical Center, Dictionary of American Fighting Ships, Naval Historical Center, and The USS Constellation Association for their help in compiling the history of the USS Constellation.

Why is the USF Constellation called the Yankee Racehorse?

This frigate’s name originated from the flag of the Continental Congress. Because of her swift sailing speed and handling ability , USF Constellation soon became known as the "Yankee Racehorse.". In 1854, the Sloop of War Constellation was commissioned to carry on famous Constellation’s name.

What frigate was the Constellation fighting with?

On the evening of February 1, 1800, the Constellation engaged with a 52-gun frigate, the Vengeance, in a lengthy, furious battle. Vengeance twice struck her colors (lowered her flag in surrender) and was close to sinking. However, with a stroke of luck, Vengeance utilized the darkness of the night to escape from Constellation, who was unable to pursue further because of the loss of her mainmast.

Why did the Constellation sail for the West Indies?

Constellation convoyed American merchantmen at the outset (from June through August 1798), before sailing for the West Indies to protect United States’ commerce. Under the command of Captain Thomas Truxtun, she sailed for the Caribbean in December 1798. Subsequently, on February 9, 1799, the Constellation captured a French 40-gun frigate, L’Insurgente, in battle off Nevis, West Indies. In a hard-fought victory, she brought her prize into port. In the succeeding months, Constellation additionally encountered and seized two French privateers, Diligent and Union.

How many barrels of potatoes did the Constellation carry?

To complete the mission, Constellation’s armament and some ballast were removed. Carpenters at the New York Navy Yard built bins on the orlop deck to carry over 2,500 barrels of potatoes and flour. Upon arrival in Queenstown on April 20, she offloaded the cargo onto lighters and took on ballast for the return trip.

What time is Pier 1?

Pier 1. Today’s Hours: 10:00AM–5:00PM. The USS Constellation is a sloop-of-war, the last sail-only warship designed and built by the United States Navy. She was built in 1854, using a small amount of material salvaged from the frigate USS Constellation, which had been disassembled the year before.

What was the role of the constellation in the mid 19th century?

From November 12, 1819 to April 24, 1820, she served as flagship of Commodore Charles Morris on the Brazil Station, which entailed protecting American commerce against privateers and supporting the negotiation of trade agreements with South American nations.

Why did Vengeance use the darkness of the night?

However, with a stroke of luck, Vengeance utilized the darkness of the night to escape from Constellation, who was unable to pursue further because of the loss of her mainmast. In May 1800, Constellation additionally gained more recognition for recapturing three American merchantmen.

Civil War

From 1855–1858 Constellation performed largely diplomatic duties as part of the US Mediterranean Squadron.

Pre-World War I

After the Civil War, Constellation saw various duties such as carrying famine relief stores to Ireland and exhibits to the Paris Exposition Universelle (1878). She also spent a number of years as a receiving ship (floating naval barracks).

World War I

After being used as a practice ship for Naval Academy midshipmen, Constellation became a training ship in 1894 for the Naval Training Center in Newport, Rhode Island, where she helped train more than 60,000 recruits during World War I .

World War II

Decommissioned in 1933, Constellation was recommissioned as a national symbol in 1940 by President Franklin Roosevelt; by this time the ship had become widely confused with her famous predecessor of 1797. She spent much of the Second World War as relief (i.e.

Post-war restoration

Constellation was again decommissioned on 4 February 1955, and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 August 1955 – about 100 years and two weeks from her first commissioning.

Identity controversy

For some time there was controversy over whether or not the 1854 sloop was a new ship or a rebuilt version of the 1797 frigate. Much of the controversy was created when the city of Baltimore promoted the ship and even rebuilt sections of the ship to resemble the 1797 frigate. Geoffrey M.

What was the USS Constellation of 1854?

USS Constellation of 1854 was designed as a "sloop-of-war" intended to showcase her primary armament along a single gun deck. Armament revolved around 16 x 8" shell guns as primary, 4 x 32-pounder long guns as secondary, 1 x 20-pounder Parrott rifle, 1 x 30-pounder Parrott rifle, and 3 x 12-pounder bronze howitzers for close-in fighting. Her sail rigging was typical of the time, set across three primary masts – she was an all-sail-powered warship. The vessel displaced 1,400 tons (long) and carried a typical operating crew of 285 including a Marine detachment of 45. Dimensions included a length of 200 feet, a beam of 41 feet and a draught of 21 feet.

When was the USS Constellation launched?

Her keel was laid down on June 25th, 1853 and she was launched to sea on August 26th, 1854. Constellation was commissioned for formal service into the USN on July 28th, 1855 and would serve in various roles actively until 1940 following one of two decommissioning actions. In the grand scope of USN history, USS Constellation held a notable footnote: she was the last all-sail-powered warship constructed for the service.

When was the USS Constitution recommissioned?

With war coming to Europe by way of World War 2 (1939-1945), President Franklin Roosevelt authorized USS Constitution to be recommissioned in 1940, largely as a propaganda measure. During the remaining war years she took part as a reserve flagship of the Atlantic Fleet and in other non-combat roles while remaining stateside. The end of the came in 1945 and USS Constellation was moved to Boston waters where she rested (still as a commissioned USN warship) until 1954 alongside USS Constitution. She was decommissioned for the final time on February 4th, 1955, her name struck from the Naval Register that August, and the warship relocated to Baltimore to reside at "Constellation Dock". USS Constellation was granted landmark status in May of 1963 and takes her place in Baltimore as a floating museum – the only complete American Civil War-era warship in existence.

How many guns did the 1797 Constellation have?

The 1797 Constellation was a true frigate and carried her principal armament – 28 long guns – on a single continuous deck and her much lighter armament – 20 carronades – split in two sections between the bow and the stern of the ship on the deck above the principal armament. By contrast, the 1854 Constellation had only 20 large guns – all of which were mounted on a single continuous deck; however, the guns she did carry were much more powerful than those of her predecessor.

What was the USS Constellation?

USS Constellation (1797) – The original Constellation was a 38-gun frigate and the second of the six original frigates (four 44-gun ships and two 36-gun ships) to be commissioned in the United States Navy. Although the Constellation was the second frigate launched, she was distinguished as the first US Navy vessel to put to sea and the first to engage, defeat and capture an enemy warship – the French frigate L’Insurgente on February 9, 1799, during the undeclared French-US Quasi-War of 1798-1800. The Constellation – like her sister ship Congress – was designed to be a heavy-weight 36-gun frigate; powerful enough to defeat any other enemy frigate afloat and fast enough to evade bigger ships-of-the-line that could sink her. After construction was completed, Constellation and Congress were re-rated to the higher 38-gun classification, though that was just approximate – during the War of 1812, Constellation actually carried 48-guns and Congress carried 44-guns. The original USS Constellation was launched on September 7, 1797 and was broken up in 1853.

Was the 1854 constellation heavier than the 1797 constellation?

Additionally, the 1854 Constellation was significantly longer and heavier than the 1797 Constellation, adding to the confusion. And if that weren’t enough, the 1797 Constellation was not officially removed from the US Naval Registry at the time, though Gosport yard logs and account books record the 1854 Constellation being built. Things got so convoluted and twisted that even naval historians were convinced that the 1854 version was simply the 1797 version that had been rebuilt. At one point the FBI was called in and determined documents supporting the “rebuilt” theory were forgeries.

Where is the year 1854 on the coin?

The year, 1854, is emblazoned on the newly minted Constellation coin that was placed in the knee (a support block) of the ship’s stem , the forward post of the keel, yesterday and "entombed for posterity," as Linden put it.

What did the constellation deliver to the Paris Exposition?

The Constellation delivered artwork to the Paris Exposition in 1878 and food to relieve famine to Ireland in 1880.

What is the Living Classrooms Foundation?

High school students involved in the Living Classrooms Foundation — a program designed to discourage them from dropping out of school — witnessed the coin ritual yesterday and then went back to scraping the masts.

What was the only ship left from the Civil War?

But in recent years, it has been established the historic vessel is instead a sloop of war, the only one remaining from the Civil War navy. Before war broke out, it intercepted slave ships sailing from Africa.

When was the last ship under sail?

Now it’s official: The wooden vessel in the Fort McHenry shipyard is indeed the one built in 1854 by the Navy as its last ship under sail.

Who was the girl who placed a coin into the stem?

Mishaune Maclin, 16, beamed as she explained why she was chosen to place one of the coins into the stem: "For all my hard work."

Who designed the Navy’s hull?

The survey, concluded last week, was conducted with laser beams and compared the surface of the hull to the design drawn in 1853 by John Lenthall, the Navy’s chief engineer, or constructor as he was then called.