uss constellation history

uss constellation history插图

1855

What was the name of the second USS Constellation?

USS CONSTELLATION (CV-64) The second Constellation (CVA-64) was built by New York Naval Shipyard Brooklyn N.Y.; christened 8 October 1960 by Mrs. C. A. Herter wife of the Secretary of State and commissioned 27 October 1961 Captain T. J. Walker in command.

What happened to the USS Constellation CV64?

CV-64 USS CONSTELLATION. USS Constellation was named for the configuration of 15 stars on the original United States Flag. The third by this name, the ship was built at the New York Naval Shipyard in Brooklyn. She was originally christened Oct. 8, 1960. A tragic fire in December of that year caused 50 deaths.

Where is the USS Constellation now?

August 7, After nearly 42 years of service and 21 completed deployments, USS Constellation was decommissioned in a ceremony held at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego. September 12, Decommissioned aircraft carrier USS Constellation departed San Diego to begin transit to the inactive ship maintenance facility at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.

What is a constellation ship?

She is now preserved as a museum ship in Baltimore, Maryland, and is a National Historic Landmark. For over 200 years, Constellation ships have navigated the world’s oceans defending America’s interests. In 1797, the USF frigate Constellation was commissioned. This frigate’s name originated from the flag of the Continental Congress.

Why is the USF Constellation called the Yankee Racehorse?

This frigate’s name originated from the flag of the Continental Congress. Because of her swift sailing speed and handling ability , USF Constellation soon became known as the "Yankee Racehorse.". In 1854, the Sloop of War Constellation was commissioned to carry on famous Constellation’s name.

What frigate was the Constellation fighting with?

On the evening of February 1, 1800, the Constellation engaged with a 52-gun frigate, the Vengeance, in a lengthy, furious battle. Vengeance twice struck her colors (lowered her flag in surrender) and was close to sinking. However, with a stroke of luck, Vengeance utilized the darkness of the night to escape from Constellation, who was unable to pursue further because of the loss of her mainmast.

Why did the Constellation sail for the West Indies?

Constellation convoyed American merchantmen at the outset (from June through August 1798), before sailing for the West Indies to protect United States’ commerce. Under the command of Captain Thomas Truxtun, she sailed for the Caribbean in December 1798. Subsequently, on February 9, 1799, the Constellation captured a French 40-gun frigate, L’Insurgente, in battle off Nevis, West Indies. In a hard-fought victory, she brought her prize into port. In the succeeding months, Constellation additionally encountered and seized two French privateers, Diligent and Union.

How many barrels of potatoes did the Constellation carry?

To complete the mission, Constellation’s armament and some ballast were removed. Carpenters at the New York Navy Yard built bins on the orlop deck to carry over 2,500 barrels of potatoes and flour. Upon arrival in Queenstown on April 20, she offloaded the cargo onto lighters and took on ballast for the return trip.

What time is Pier 1?

Pier 1. Today’s Hours: 10:00AM–5:00PM. The USS Constellation is a sloop-of-war, the last sail-only warship designed and built by the United States Navy. She was built in 1854, using a small amount of material salvaged from the frigate USS Constellation, which had been disassembled the year before.

What was the role of the constellation in the mid 19th century?

From November 12, 1819 to April 24, 1820, she served as flagship of Commodore Charles Morris on the Brazil Station, which entailed protecting American commerce against privateers and supporting the negotiation of trade agreements with South American nations.

Why did Vengeance use the darkness of the night?

However, with a stroke of luck, Vengeance utilized the darkness of the night to escape from Constellation, who was unable to pursue further because of the loss of her mainmast. In May 1800, Constellation additionally gained more recognition for recapturing three American merchantmen.

What was the role of the USS Constellation in the war?

The 22-gun sloop was active for 100 years and served in several military conflicts. The vessel also played a central role in ending the foreign slave trade. Slavery was widely practiced well before the United States was founded in 1776.

Why did the USS Constellation end its tour off the coast of Africa?

The USS Constellation ended its tour off the coast of Africa to assist the Union in the Civil War (1861-1865). By the outbreak of the war, both the Confederate and Union armies relied on steam-powered ships to attack opposing forces.

When was slavery legalized in the United States?

Slavery was widely practiced well before the United States was founded in 1776. By 1807, the founding fathers outlawed the importation of slaves to the United States. Slaves could no longer be brought into the U.S. from Africa, but slavery was still legal.

Was the USS Constellation steam powered?

While not steam-powered, the USS Constellation still proved essential to the Union war effort. In addition to protecting American interests abroad, the ship assisted in the capture of the Confederate steam cruiser the CSS Sumter. The USS Constellation was eventually decommissioned in 1955 after 100 years of service.

Who manages the USS Constellation?

The USS Constellation is managed by "Historic Ships in Baltimore." This organization charges an entrance fee and is unaffiliated with the National Park Service.

What is the USS Constellation’s insignia?

KN-9827 Insignia: USS Constellation (CVA-64) Insignia: USS Constellation (CVA-64) Art work of the emblem adopted when the ship was first commissioned in 1961.

What is the collection of the USS Iwo Jima?

The collection consists of postcards from the early 1970s. Cards show: USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2); USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7);…

How many crew members were on the Constellation?

The first of more than 1,000 crew members to move aboard the attack aircraft carrier Constellation (CVA-64), Saturday…

What aircraft is in formation over the Indian Ocean?

A-7E Corsair II attack aircraft from Attack Squadron 147 (VA -147) fly in formation over the Indian Ocean. They are as…

What aircraft is in the attack squadron 147?

An A-7E Corsair II attack aircraft from Attack Squadron 147 (VA-147) prepares to catch the wire during a recovery on …

Where was the USS Constellation in 1962?

Following fitting out and acceptance trials, USS Constellation (CVA-64) departed her home port of Norfolk, Va., on 7 February 1962, for initial air operations off the Virginia capes. After a month of operating locally, USS Constellation (CVA-64) conducted a two-month shakedown cruise in the Caribbean. In summer 1962, Constellation was transferred to the Pacific Fleet and CVG-13 was disestablished. USS Constellation (CVA-64)’s second deployment began on 5 May 1964. She relieved USS Kitty Hawk (CVA-63) on station in the Gulf of Tonkin off Vietnam on 8 June, embarked Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 14 (air groups had been redesignated air wings on 20 December 1963), and launched armed photoreconnaissance missions over Laos until 13 July.

What planes wear NK tail le?

Underway at sea, circa the later 1960s. Planes on deck (including A-3, RA-5C, A-6, A-7 and F-4 types) wear NK tail le…

How long did the Constellation strike last?

The strikes lasted for four hours. Constellation lost an A-1H Skyraider, whose pilot, Lt. j.g. Richard A. Sather, became the first Navy pilot to be killed in Vietnam, and an A-4E Skyhawk, flown by Lt. j.g. Everett Alvarez who became the first Navy POW. CVA 64 returned to homeport February 1, 1965.

What was the most intense combat day of the Vietnam War?

May 10, 1972 , was the most intensified air-to-air combat day of the entire war. Navy flyers shot down eight MiGs. An F-4 Phantom II from VF-96 on board Constellation; Lt. Randall H. Cunningham, the pilot and Lt. (j.g.) William P. Driscoll; while engaged in aerial combat over Haiphong shot down three MiGs for the first triple downing of enemy MiGs by one plane during the war. These three MiG downings, coupled with their Jan. 19 and May 8 downing of two MiGs, made Lt. Cunningham and Lt. (j.g.) Driscoll the first MiG aces of the Vietnam War. Three other kills were scored by planes of VF-96 and one by VF-92 off Constellation and one by VF-51 off Coral Sea. The nine-month deployment ended on July 1, the carrier having spent 154 days off Vietnam. Seven aircraft were lost, two aircrewmen were reported KIA and two became POWs.

How many strike sorties were there in December?

A total of 2,462 ordnance delivery strike sorties were flown during December. The number of surface-to-air missile firing incidents increased and the bold excursions by MiG aircraft into Laos prompted both the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy to develop new tactics, combining efforts, to suppress the MiG threat. A major protective reaction strike effort by both USAF and USN commenced Dec. 26-30. In this period, TF-77 flew 423 strike sorties employing all-weather A-6A systems backed up by A-7Es as pathfinders, with Dong Hoi, Quang Khe and Vinh the major targets assigned to the Navy. During the month, the Laser Guided Bomb (LGB) was introduced by squadrons aboard the Constellation. Initially, 16 trial LGB drops were road cuts, with subsequent targets antiaircraft artillery sites. In the coming year, LGBs were to be used effectively against heretofore seemingly indestructible targets in NVN, such as heavy steel bridge structures built into solid rock.

What was the name of the USS that was attacked by the North Vietnamese Navy?

However, on Aug. 2, while operating in international waters in the Gulf of Tonkin, USS Maddox (DD 731) reported being attacked by units of the North Vietnamese Navy. .On August 5, USS Ticonderoga (CV 14) and USS Constellation launched 60 sorties against four bases and their supporting oil storage facilities.

How many aircrew members died in the USS Constellation?

Six aircrew members perished, five were listed as KIAs and three were taken as POWs. Following maintenance and training periods, USS Constellation once again stood out from southern California, this time on her fifth deployment to the western Pacific and Vietnam on August 11, 1969.

How many aircraft were destroyed in the Connie?

The "Connie" returned to homeport to on January 31, 1969, after flying more than 11,000 combat and support missions and dropping almost 20,000 tons of ordnance. Fifteen aircraft were destroyed, nine due to enemy action. Six aircrew members perished, five were listed as KIAs and three were taken as POWs.

What aircraft participated in Operation Freedom Train?

Beginning on April 5, aircraft from Constellation, along with those from Hancock, Coral Sea and Kitty Hawk took part in Operation Freedom Train which involved Navy tactical air sorties against military and logistic targets in the southern part of North Vietnam that were involved in the invasion of the south.

What aircraft was shot down on the USS Enterprise?

USS ENTERPRISE rejoined CONSTELLATION on Yankee Station on 18 January 1972 following her tour in the Indian Ocean in December 1971. The next day, 19 January, Lieutenants Randall H. Cunningham and William P. Driscoll in an F-4 Phantom of VF-96 off CONSTELLATION shot down a MiG-21, the first enemy aircraft downed since the 28 March 1970 shoot-down of a MiG-21 by Lt. Jerome E. Beaulier and Lt. (j.g.) Stephen J. Barkley in an F-4 Phantom II of VF-142 off CONSTELLATION. The 19 January action occurred during a protective reaction strike in response to earlier antiaircraft artillery and surface-to-air missile firings from the area which had menaced an RA-5C reconnaissance plane and its escorts. This accounted for the Navy’s 33rd MiG shot down in the Vietnam war since the first shoot-down on 17 June 1965, downed by Commanders Louis C. Page and John J. Smith in an F-4 of VF-21 off USS MIDWAY (CVA 41).

How many strikes were made in 1971?

A total of 2,462 ordnance delivery strike sorties were flown during December 1971. The number of surface-to-air missile firing incidents increased and the bold excursions by MiG aircraft into Laos prompted both the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy to develop new tactics, combining efforts, to suppress the MiG threat.

Why was the convoy to the Gulf of Aden ordered?

CONSTELLATION and her escorts were ordered to the Gulf of Aden on 7 March 1979 in response to the conflict between North and South Yemen. The Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Gulf were considered vital waterways for the passage of petroleum products to the U.S. and her allies. On 16 April, CONSTELLATION was relieved by MIDWAY as the Indian Ocean contingency carrier. CONSTELLATION returned to San Diego 17 May 1979. The deployment had twice been extended and her service earned her the Navy and Marine Corps Expeditionary Medals.

What did the Crusaders do to the North Vietnamese?

Upon arrival, the Crusaders launched Zuni rockets and strafed the North Vietnamese craft with their 20-millimeter cannons. The TICONDEROGA airmen teamed up with MADDOX gunners to thwart the North Vietnamese attack, leaving one boat dead in the water and damaging the other two.

How long was Coral Sea on the station?

CORAL SEA had been on station for 89 days in connection with the Iranian crisis. On 4 November 1979, a mob of Muslim "students," adherents of the Ayatollah Khomeini’s fundamentalist revolution, stormed the U.S. Embassy in Teheran and seized the Americans in the compound, including 14 Marine guards.

What was the name of the ship that was attacked by the North Vietnamese Navy?

However, on 2 August, while operating in international waters in the Gulf of Tonkin, USS MADDOX (DD 731) reported being attacked by units of the North Vietnamese Navy. Within minutes of her receipt of the message, USS TICONDEROGA (CVA 14) dispatched four, rocket-armed F8E Crusaders to the destroyer’s assistance.

What was the first frigate named after?

The first of those frigates, ships which were to make American naval history, was named for the ring of 13 stars that formed a "new Constellation" on the flag of the new United States . It was in the last stages of her building at the New York Naval Shipyard, on 19 December 1960, a fire broke out on CONSTELLATION’s hanagar deck.

When was the constellation disassembled?

During this time, she safeguarded American lives in March 1841 during the Opium Wars. In 1845, Constellation was laid-up in ordinary until disassembled in 1853 at the Gosport Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia.

Where was the Mashuda frigate repaired?

Undergoing repairs at Hampton Roads, Virginia, during the start of the War of 1812, she was effectively blockaded by the British. In 1815, during the Second Barbary War, she sailed with two U.S. Navy squadrons and joined in the capture of the Algerian frigate, Mashuda, on June 17.

Where is the Constellation model?

A model of Constellation can be found in The Forgotten Wars of the 19th Century section at the National Museum of the U.S. Navy.

When was the USS Constellation launched?

Designed by Joshua Humphreys and Josiah Fox, the frigate, USS Constellation, was launched at Sterrett Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland, on September 7, 1797.

How many aircraft did the Constellation lose?

Constellation returned to San Diego in December after her seven-month combat cruise, having lost 16 aircrewmen and 15 aircraft. Subsequently, both Constellation and CVW-15 received a NUC for this deployment. After a short workup cycle, Constellation ’s third combat deployment commenced in April 1967.

What was the Constellation’s mission in 1999?

As Constellation prepared for her 1999 deployment, tensions were once again rising on the Korean Peninsula following an exchange of gunfire between North and South Korean vessels. Constellation departed San Diego on 18 June 1999 for the region to monitor the situation. On 28 August, she entered the Arabian Gulf and in 10 weeks conducted more than 5,000 sorties and 1,256 OSW sorties. This period was highlighted by air strikes against two Iraqi radar stations and an attempt by VF-2 to engage an Iraqi jet with a AIM-54 Phoenix long-range air-to-air missile on 14 September. CVW-2 aircraft engaged in nine specific ordnance-dropping air strikes while in the Arabian Gulf. The battle group departed the gulf on 5 November and was home for the holidays on 17 December. At year’s end, Constellation was awarded her second Battle E as the Pacific Fleet’s best carrier for the 12-month reporting period.

How long did the Constellation stay in Vietnam?

They followed this by a complete halt to strikes over the north on 1 November. Constellation spent 128 days on the line, flying more than 11,000 combat and support missions and dropping almost 20,000 tons of ordnance. Fifteen aircraft were destroyed, nine due to enemy action. Six aircrew perished, five were listed as killed in action, and three were taken as prisoners. The eight-month deployment ended in January 1969.

What was the name of the ship that was launched in August 1964?

Aboard the USS Constellation (CVA-64) underway in the South China Sea, crewmen check the F-4 "Phantom II" prior to launch, August 1964. Photographed by Chief Journalist R.D. Moeser, USN. National Archives photograph, USN 1142107.

How many crew members were on the Constellation?

The first of more than 1,000 crew members to move aboard the attack aircraft carrier Constellation (CVA-64), Saturday, August 12, march up the gangway of the nearly completed ship at the New York Naval Shipyard, Brooklyn, New York. A total of 50 officers and 970 enlisted men, who had been living at the U.S.

What aircraft carrier attacked Maddox?

That day, Constellation launched McDonnell Douglas F-4B Phantom II s to join aircraft from attack aircraft carrier Ticonderoga (CVA-14) in providing air cover over the destroyers.

When did the constellation go to the Pacific?

In November Constellation, with CVG-14 on board, began workup exercises for her upcoming maiden deployment to the western Pacific as a component of the Seventh Fleet (February–September 1963). Constellation ’s second deployment began on 5 May 1964.